Conversion from cyclosporine A to azathioprine treatment improves LDL oxidation in kidney transplant recipients View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

1997-05

AUTHORS

M A van den Dorpel, H Ghanem, J Rischen-Vos, A J Man in't Veld, H Jansen, W Weimar

ABSTRACT

The use of the immuno-suppressant cyclosporine A (CsA) after transplantation has been associated with less favorable plasma lipid profiles, which may contribute to the high incidence of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in transplant recipients. Recent studies have suggested that oxidative modification of LDL plays an important role in the initiation and progression of atherosclerosis. It has also been demonstrated that CsA may facilitate lipid peroxidation in vitro and in vivo. Therefore, we determined several parameters of LDL oxidizability in renal transplant recipients who were switched from CsA to azathioprine (AZA)-based immunosuppressive treatment. The susceptibility of LDL to in vitro oxidation, LDL particle size, plasma titers of IgG and IgM antibodies against oxidized LDL and plasma LDL subclass patterns in 19 renal transplant recipients were determined during CsA treatment and 16 weeks after these patients were converted to AZA treatment. In addition, mean arterial pressure was recorded, and glomerular filtration rate and renal blood flow were estimated from the clearance of radiolabeled thalamate and hippurate. After conversion, the plasma concentrations of total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol and triglyceride decreased, while plasma HDL cholesterol did not change. During CsA therapy plasma LDL was significantly more susceptible to in vitro oxidation than during AZA, as reflected by a longer lag phase during in vitro oxidation (98.9 +/- 24.3 vs. 114.7 +/- 17.3 min, P = 0.031). In addition, the LDL size increased (236.5 +/- 7.3 vs. 240.7 +/- 6.8 nm, P = 0.00001), and the titers of IgM- and IgG-autoantibodies against oxidized LDL decreased significantly after patients were converted from CsA to AZA. The more atherogenic LDL subclass pattern B was present in 13 out of 19 patients during CsA. In five patients, pattern B changed into pattern A after conversion. The subclass B pattern was maintained in eight patients and subclass A pattern in six patients. In all patients the lag time of in vitro LDL oxidation increased, although the biggest changes were found in those patients in whom the LDL subclass changed from pattern B to pattern A. Mean arterial pressure decreased and renal function improved significantly after conversion. No correlation between parameters of lipid peroxidation and changes in blood pressure or renal function upon conversion, underlying renal disease, time since transplantation, or antihypertensive treatment was found. Our study demonstrates that treatment with CsA increases the susceptibility of LDL to in vitro oxidation, and also enhances the oxidation of LDL in vivo. In addition, conversion to AZA results in a more favorable lipid profile, which in combination with a lower arterial pressure and better renal function may decrease the risk for atherosclerosis. These factors may account for the cardiovascular complications during CsA treatment after organ transplantation, and also when CsA is used for other diseases. More... »

PAGES

1608-1612

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/ki.1997.221

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ki.1997.221

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003392424

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9150480


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