Impaired endotoxin-induced interleukin-1β secretion, not total production, of mononuclear cells from ESRD patients View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

1995-04

AUTHORS

G Lonnemann, I Barndt, V Kaever, M Haubitz, R Schindler, S Shaldon, K M Koch

ABSTRACT

Lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta) and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF alpha) production and secretion from peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) were determined in a longitudinal study with repeated measurements in PBMC from patients with chronic uremia not on hemodialysis (N = 8), end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients (N = 8), and healthy controls (N = 7). ESRD patients were studied while using low-flux Cuprophan dialyzers and again using high-flux AN 69 dialyzers. Total (cell-associated plus secreted) LPS-induced IL-1 beta production was enhanced in uremic patients, but similar to controls in ESRD patients on Cuprophan. In contrast, LPS-induced IL-1 beta secretion (secreted amounts in % of total production) was similar to controls in uremic patients, but significantly reduced in ESRD patients on Cuprophan (P < 0.01). During AN 69 hemodialysis, LPS-induced total IL-1 beta production remained unchanged but IL-1 beta secretion increased significantly (P < 0.05) compared to Cuprophan dialysis. Increased IL-1 beta secretion coincided with a suppression in PGE2 synthesis (P < 0.02). Similarly, blockade of endogenous PGE2 by indomethacin increased LPS-induced IL-1 beta secretion (P < 0.01) but did not enhance total IL-1 beta production in PBMC from controls and patients on Cuprophan hemodialysis. Neither total production nor secretion of TNF alpha was different comparing the three study groups. We conclude that LPS-induced IL-1 beta secretion, but not total production, is impaired in PBMC from ESRD patients on long-term Cuprophan hemodialysis. This functional change in the PBMC response is specific for IL-1 beta, not due to uremia per se but hemodialysis-dependent and reversible. Hemodialysis with AN 69 suppresses endogenous PGE2 synthesis in PBMC which is associated with increased LPS-induced IL-1 beta secretion in the presence of unchanged total IL-1 beta production. We speculate that PGE2 could inactivate the IL-1 beta converting enzyme which is essential for processing and secretion of mature IL-1 beta. More... »

PAGES

1158-1167

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/ki.1995.165

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ki.1995.165

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022632534

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7783414


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