Imiquimod Inhibits Melanoma Development by Promoting pDC Cytotoxic Functions and Impeding Tumor Vascularization View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2014-10

AUTHORS

Caroline Aspord, Laetitia Tramcourt, Claire Leloup, Jean-Paul Molens, Marie-Therese Leccia, Julie Charles, Joel Plumas

ABSTRACT

Imiquimod (IMQ) is a synthetic Toll-like receptor (TLR7/8) ligand that can trigger antiviral and antitumor activities. Despite evidence of potent therapeutic effects, the clinical use of IMQ in melanoma is impeded by incomplete understanding of its mechanisms of action. Mice and humans differ in many aspects of immunity, including TLR7 expression patterns, thus impeding the use of mouse models in translating discoveries into clinical applications. In this article, we investigated the mechanisms behind IMQ effects in vivo in a human context of melanoma and immunity using an innovative melanoma-bearing humanized mouse model. In this model, IMQ strongly inhibited melanoma tumor development through prompt mobilization of plasmacytoid dendritic cells and by triggering their cytotoxic functions, and through upregulation of expression of type 1 IFN response genes. IMQ also drastically impeded tumor vascularization by inducing the downregulation of angiogenic factors vascular endothelial growth factor, angiogenin, IL-8, and fibroblast growth factor. Our results revealed the short- and long-term multifactorial effects of IMQ converging toward inhibition of melanoma development. By providing a better understanding of the mechanisms of action of IMQ in melanoma, our study opens the way for its further clinical use in the treatment of metastatic melanoma. More... »

PAGES

2551-2561

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/jid.2014.194

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/jid.2014.194

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008431771

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24751730


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