TLR2 Expression Is Increased in Rosacea and Stimulates Enhanced Serine Protease Production by Keratinocytes View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2011-03

AUTHORS

Kenshi Yamasaki, Kimberly Kanada, Daniel T Macleod, Andrew W Borkowski, Shin Morizane, Teruaki Nakatsuji, Anna L Cogen, Richard L Gallo

ABSTRACT

A diverse environment challenges skin to maintain temperature, hydration, and electrolyte balance while also maintaining normal immunological function. Rosacea is a common skin disease that manifests unique inflammatory responses to normal environmental stimuli. We hypothesized that abnormal function of innate immune pattern recognition could explain the enhanced sensitivity of patients with rosacea, and observed that the epidermis of patients with rosacea expressed higher amounts of Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) than normal patients. Increased expression of TLR2 was not seen in other inflammatory skin disorders such as atopic dermatitis or psoriasis. Overexpression of TLR2 on keratinocytes, treatment with TLR2 ligands, and analysis of TLR2-deficient mice resulted in a calcium-dependent release of kallikrein 5 from keratinocytes, a critical protease involved in the pathogenesis of rosacea. These observations show that abnormal TLR2 function may explain enhanced inflammatory responses to environmental stimuli and can act as a critical element in the pathogenesis of rosacea. More... »

PAGES

688-697

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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/jid.2010.351

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/jid.2010.351

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035430339

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21107351


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    JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/jid.2010.351'

    N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/jid.2010.351'

    Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

    curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/jid.2010.351'

    RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/jid.2010.351'


     

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