Age and cardiorespiratory fitness are associated with arterial stiffening and left ventricular remodelling View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2009-07-16

AUTHORS

Y Gando, H Kawano, K Yamamoto, K Sanada, M Tanimoto, T Oh, Y Ohmori, M Miyatani, C Usui, E Takahashi, I Tabata, M Higuchi, M Miyachi

ABSTRACT

Arterial stiffening, hypertension and left ventricular (LV) remodelling are associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Cardiorespiratory fitness is associated with cardiovascular function and reduced risk of cardiovascular disease. This cross-sectional study was carried out to determine the relationships between cardiorespiratory fitness, arterial stiffness, blood pressure (BP) and LV remodelling in women. On the basis of peak oxygen uptake, a total of 159 premenopausal (young) and postmenopausal (older) women were categorized into either low (unfit) or high (fit) cardiorespiratory fitness groups. The arterial stiffness and LV remodelling were measured by brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) and carotid augmentation index (AI) and LV relative wall thickness (RWT). Two-way analysis of variance indicated a significant interaction between age and cardiorespiratory fitness in baPWV, carotid AI, BP and RWT. In the older group, arterial stiffness (baPWV; 1401±231 vs 1250±125 cm s–1, P<0.01, AI; 32.9±9.9 vs 24.8±10.1%, P<0.01), systolic blood pressure (SBP) (130±22 vs 117±15 mm Hg, P<0.01) and RWT (0.47±0.08 vs 0.42±0.04, P<0.05) in fit women were lower than in unfit women. In older women, RWT was significantly related to baPWV (r=0.46, P<0.01), carotid AI (r=0.29, P<0.05), SBP (r=0.57, P<0.01) V̇2peak (r=−0.32, P<0.05). In young women, they were not significant correlations, except for a weak correlation between RWT and SBP (r=0.21, P<0.05). These results suggest that higher cardiorespiratory fitness is associated with lower arterial stiffness, BP and RWT in older women. More... »

PAGES

197-206

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/jhh.2009.57

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/jhh.2009.57

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044229268

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19609287


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44 blood pressure
45 brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity
46 cardiorespiratory fitness
47 cardiorespiratory fitness groups
48 cardiovascular disease
49 cardiovascular function
50 carotid augmentation index
51 correlation
52 cross-sectional study
53 disease
54 fit women
55 fitness
56 fitness group
57 function
58 group
59 high (fit) cardiorespiratory fitness groups
60 higher cardiorespiratory fitness
61 hypertension
62 index
63 interaction
64 lower arterial stiffness
65 older group
66 older women
67 oxygen uptake
68 peak oxygen uptake
69 postmenopausal women
70 premenopausal
71 pressure
72 pulse wave velocity
73 relationship
74 relative wall thickness
75 remodelling
76 results
77 risk
78 significant correlation
79 significant interaction
80 stiffening
81 stiffness
82 study
83 systolic blood pressure
84 thickness
85 total
86 two-way analysis
87 unfit women
88 uptake
89 variance
90 velocity
91 ventricular remodelling
92 wall thickness
93 wave velocity
94 weak correlation
95 women
96 young women
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