Age and cardiorespiratory fitness are associated with arterial stiffening and left ventricular remodelling View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2009-07-16

AUTHORS

Y Gando, H Kawano, K Yamamoto, K Sanada, M Tanimoto, T Oh, Y Ohmori, M Miyatani, C Usui, E Takahashi, I Tabata, M Higuchi, M Miyachi

ABSTRACT

Arterial stiffening, hypertension and left ventricular (LV) remodelling are associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Cardiorespiratory fitness is associated with cardiovascular function and reduced risk of cardiovascular disease. This cross-sectional study was carried out to determine the relationships between cardiorespiratory fitness, arterial stiffness, blood pressure (BP) and LV remodelling in women. On the basis of peak oxygen uptake, a total of 159 premenopausal (young) and postmenopausal (older) women were categorized into either low (unfit) or high (fit) cardiorespiratory fitness groups. The arterial stiffness and LV remodelling were measured by brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) and carotid augmentation index (AI) and LV relative wall thickness (RWT). Two-way analysis of variance indicated a significant interaction between age and cardiorespiratory fitness in baPWV, carotid AI, BP and RWT. In the older group, arterial stiffness (baPWV; 1401±231 vs 1250±125 cm s–1, P<0.01, AI; 32.9±9.9 vs 24.8±10.1%, P<0.01), systolic blood pressure (SBP) (130±22 vs 117±15 mm Hg, P<0.01) and RWT (0.47±0.08 vs 0.42±0.04, P<0.05) in fit women were lower than in unfit women. In older women, RWT was significantly related to baPWV (r=0.46, P<0.01), carotid AI (r=0.29, P<0.05), SBP (r=0.57, P<0.01) V̇2peak (r=−0.32, P<0.05). In young women, they were not significant correlations, except for a weak correlation between RWT and SBP (r=0.21, P<0.05). These results suggest that higher cardiorespiratory fitness is associated with lower arterial stiffness, BP and RWT in older women. More... »

PAGES

197-206

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/jhh.2009.57

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/jhh.2009.57

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044229268

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19609287


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45 brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity
46 cardiorespiratory fitness
47 cardiovascular disease
48 cardiovascular function
49 carotid augmentation index
50 correlation
51 cross-sectional study
52 disease
53 fit women
54 fitness
55 fitness group
56 function
57 group
58 higher cardiorespiratory fitness
59 hypertension
60 index
61 interaction
62 lower arterial stiffness
63 older group
64 older women
65 oxygen uptake
66 peak oxygen uptake
67 postmenopausal women
68 premenopausal
69 pressure
70 pulse wave velocity
71 relationship
72 relative wall thickness
73 remodelling
74 results
75 risk
76 significant correlation
77 significant interaction
78 stiffening
79 stiffness
80 study
81 systolic blood pressure
82 thickness
83 total
84 two-way analysis
85 unfit women
86 uptake
87 variance
88 velocity
89 ventricular remodelling
90 wall thickness
91 wave velocity
92 weak correlation
93 women
94 young women
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