Exome sequencing reveals two novel compound heterozygous XYLT1 mutations in a Polish patient with Desbuquois dysplasia type 2 and growth ... View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2016-07

AUTHORS

Aleksander Jamsheer, Ewelina M Olech, Kazimierz Kozłowski, Marek Niedziela, Anna Sowińska-Seidler, Monika Obara-Moszyńska, Anna Latos-Bieleńska, Marek Karczewski, Tomasz Zemojtel

ABSTRACT

Desbuquois dysplasia type 2 (DBQD2) is a rare recessively inherited skeletal genetic disorder characterized by severe prenatal and postnatal growth retardation, generalized joint laxity with dislocation of large joints and facial dysmorphism. The condition was recently described to result from autosomal recessive mutations in XYLT1, encoding the enzyme xylosyltransferase-1. In this paper, we report on a Polish patient with DBQD2 who presented with severe short stature of prenatal onset, joint laxity, psychomotor retardation and multiple radiological abnormalities including short metacarpals, advanced bone age and exaggerated trochanters. Endocrinological examinations revealed that sleep-induced growth hormone (GH) release and GH peak in clonidine- and glucagon-induced provocative tests as well as insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) and IGF-binding protein-3 levels were all markedly decreased, confirming deficiency of GH secretion. Bone age, unlikely to GH deficiency, was significantly advanced. To establish the diagnosis at a molecular level, we performed whole-exome sequencing and bioinformatic analysis in the index patient, which revealed compound heterozygous XYLT1 mutations: c.595C>T(p.Gln199*) and c.1651C>T(p.Arg551Cys), both of which are novel. Sanger sequencing showed that the former mutation was inherited from the healthy mother, whereas the latter one most probably occurred de novo. Our study describes the first case of DBQD2 resulting from compound heterozygous XYLT1 mutation, expands the mutational spectrum of the disease and provides evidence that the severe growth retardation and microsomia observed in DBQD2 patients may result not only from the skeletal dysplasia itself but also from GH and IGF-1 deficiency. More... »

PAGES

577-583

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/jhg.2016.30

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/jhg.2016.30

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034682774

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27030147


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