Evaluation of inhaled and cutaneous doses of imidacloprid during stapling ornamental plants in tunnels or greenhouses View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2008-12-10

AUTHORS

Cristina Aprea, Liana Lunghini, Bruno Banchi, Antonio Peruzzi, Letizia Centi, Luana Coppi, Mirella Bogi, Enrico Marianelli, Mariella Fantacci, Pietro Catalano, Alessandra Benvenuti, Lucia Miligi, Gianfranco Sciarra

ABSTRACT

The aim of this research was to assess dermal and respiratory exposure of workers to imidacloprid during manual operations with ornamental plants previously treated in greenhouses or tunnels. A total of 10 female workers, 5 in greenhouses and 5 in tunnels, were monitored for 3 or 5 consecutive days. Actual skin contamination, excluding hands, was evaluated using nine filter paper pads placed directly on the skin. To evaluate the efficacy of protective clothing in reducing occupational exposure we also placed four pads on top of the outer clothing. Hand contamination was evaluated by washing with 95% ethanol. Respiratory exposure was evaluated by personal air sampling. Respiratory dose was calculated on the basis of a lung ventilation of 15 l/min. Absorbed doses were calculated assuming a skin penetration of 10% and a respiratory retention of 100%. Dislodgeable foliar residues (DFRs) were determined during the days of re-entry in order to determine the dermal transfer factor. From the dependence of dermal exposure of hands from DFRs, a mean transfer factor was estimated to be 36.4 cm2/h. Imidacloprid was determined by liquid chromatography with selective mass detection and electrospray interface in all matrices analysed. Respiratory dose was 4.1±4.0 (0.1–14.3)% and 3.0±2.0 (0.6–6.9)% (mean±SD (range)) of the total real dose during work in tunnels and greenhouses, respectively. The estimated absorbed doses, 0.29±0.45 μg/kg (0.06–2.25 μg/kg) body weight and 0.32±0.18 μg/kg (0.07–0.66 μg/kg) body weight (mean±SD (range)) in tunnels and in greenhouses, respectively, were less than the acceptable operator exposure level of 0.15 mg/kg body weight and than the acceptable daily intake of 0.05 mg/kg body weight. The hands and exposed skin of all workers were found to be contaminated, indicating that greater precautions, such as daily changing of gloves and clothing, are necessary to reduce skin exposure. More... »

PAGES

555-569

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/jes.2008.50

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/jes.2008.50

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025002101

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19066620


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/11", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Medical and Health Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/1117", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Public Health and Health Services", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Chromatography, Liquid", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Environmental Monitoring", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Female", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Humans", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Imidazoles", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Inhalation Exposure", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Insecticides", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Middle Aged", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Neonicotinoids", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Nitro Compounds", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Occupational Exposure", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Plants", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Skin", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Laboratorio di Sanit\u00e0 Pubblica, Area Vasta Toscana Sud, Azienda USL 7, Siena, Italy", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/None", 
          "name": [
            "Laboratorio di Sanit\u00e0 Pubblica, Area Vasta Toscana Sud, Azienda USL 7, Siena, Italy"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Aprea", 
        "givenName": "Cristina", 
        "id": "sg:person.0747704012.25", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0747704012.25"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Laboratorio di Sanit\u00e0 Pubblica, Area Vasta Toscana Sud, Azienda USL 7, Siena, Italy", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/None", 
          "name": [
            "Laboratorio di Sanit\u00e0 Pubblica, Area Vasta Toscana Sud, Azienda USL 7, Siena, Italy"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Lunghini", 
        "givenName": "Liana", 
        "id": "sg:person.0704475716.82", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0704475716.82"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Laboratorio di Sanit\u00e0 Pubblica, Area Vasta Toscana Sud, Azienda USL 7, Siena, Italy", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/None", 
          "name": [
            "Laboratorio di Sanit\u00e0 Pubblica, Area Vasta Toscana Sud, Azienda USL 7, Siena, Italy"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Banchi", 
        "givenName": "Bruno", 
        "id": "sg:person.0752611116.46", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0752611116.46"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Laboratorio di Sanit\u00e0 Pubblica, Area Vasta Toscana Sud, Azienda USL 7, Siena, Italy", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/None", 
          "name": [
            "Laboratorio di Sanit\u00e0 Pubblica, Area Vasta Toscana Sud, Azienda USL 7, Siena, Italy"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Peruzzi", 
        "givenName": "Antonio", 
        "id": "sg:person.01020724316.92", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01020724316.92"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Servizio Prevenzione Igiene e Sicurezza nei Luoghi di Lavoro, Azienda USL 7, Zona Amiata Senese, Siena, Italy", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/None", 
          "name": [
            "Servizio Prevenzione Igiene e Sicurezza nei Luoghi di Lavoro, Azienda USL 7, Zona Amiata Senese, Siena, Italy"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Centi", 
        "givenName": "Letizia", 
        "id": "sg:person.01067037516.91", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01067037516.91"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Servizio Prevenzione Igiene e Sicurezza nei Luoghi di Lavoro, Azienda USL 7, Zona Amiata Senese, Siena, Italy", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/None", 
          "name": [
            "Servizio Prevenzione Igiene e Sicurezza nei Luoghi di Lavoro, Azienda USL 7, Zona Amiata Senese, Siena, Italy"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Coppi", 
        "givenName": "Luana", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Servizio Prevenzione Igiene e Sicurezza nei Luoghi di Lavoro, Azienda USL 9, Siena, Italy", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/None", 
          "name": [
            "Servizio Prevenzione Igiene e Sicurezza nei Luoghi di Lavoro, Azienda USL 9, Siena, Italy"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Bogi", 
        "givenName": "Mirella", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Servizio Prevenzione Igiene e Sicurezza nei Luoghi di Lavoro, Azienda USL 9, Siena, Italy", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/None", 
          "name": [
            "Servizio Prevenzione Igiene e Sicurezza nei Luoghi di Lavoro, Azienda USL 9, Siena, Italy"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Marianelli", 
        "givenName": "Enrico", 
        "id": "sg:person.01251401316.32", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01251401316.32"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Servizio Prevenzione Igiene e Sicurezza nei Luoghi di Lavoro, Azienda USL 9, Siena, Italy", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/None", 
          "name": [
            "Servizio Prevenzione Igiene e Sicurezza nei Luoghi di Lavoro, Azienda USL 9, Siena, Italy"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Fantacci", 
        "givenName": "Mariella", 
        "id": "sg:person.01317514516.29", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01317514516.29"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Servizio Prevenzione Igiene e Sicurezza nei Luoghi di Lavoro, Azienda USL 9, Siena, Italy", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/None", 
          "name": [
            "Servizio Prevenzione Igiene e Sicurezza nei Luoghi di Lavoro, Azienda USL 9, Siena, Italy"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Catalano", 
        "givenName": "Pietro", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "U.O. Epidemiologia Ambientale ed Occupazionale, CSPO Istituto Scientifico Prevenzione Oncologica, Firenze, Italy", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/None", 
          "name": [
            "U.O. Epidemiologia Ambientale ed Occupazionale, CSPO Istituto Scientifico Prevenzione Oncologica, Firenze, Italy"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Benvenuti", 
        "givenName": "Alessandra", 
        "id": "sg:person.0670542543.04", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0670542543.04"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "U.O. Epidemiologia Ambientale ed Occupazionale, CSPO Istituto Scientifico Prevenzione Oncologica, Firenze, Italy", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/None", 
          "name": [
            "U.O. Epidemiologia Ambientale ed Occupazionale, CSPO Istituto Scientifico Prevenzione Oncologica, Firenze, Italy"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Miligi", 
        "givenName": "Lucia", 
        "id": "sg:person.0643356454.38", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0643356454.38"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Laboratorio di Sanit\u00e0 Pubblica, Area Vasta Toscana Sud, Azienda USL 7, Siena, Italy", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/None", 
          "name": [
            "Laboratorio di Sanit\u00e0 Pubblica, Area Vasta Toscana Sud, Azienda USL 7, Siena, Italy"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Sciarra", 
        "givenName": "Gianfranco", 
        "id": "sg:person.01120377067.40", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01120377067.40"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf01691975", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014585368", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01691975"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00216233", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033992233", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00216233"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00420-007-0220-1", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015059904", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00420-007-0220-1"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/pl00006622", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038058749", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/pl00006622"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s001289900246", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024227452", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s001289900246"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00244-005-8025-2", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017000062", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00244-005-8025-2"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00193341", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042295564", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00193341"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2008-12-10", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2008-12-10", 
    "description": "The aim of this research was to assess dermal and respiratory exposure of workers to imidacloprid during manual operations with ornamental plants previously treated in greenhouses or tunnels. A total of 10 female workers, 5 in greenhouses and 5 in tunnels, were monitored for 3 or 5 consecutive days. Actual skin contamination, excluding hands, was evaluated using nine filter paper pads placed directly on the skin. To evaluate the efficacy of protective clothing in reducing occupational exposure we also placed four pads on top of the outer clothing. Hand contamination was evaluated by washing with 95% ethanol. Respiratory exposure was evaluated by personal air sampling. Respiratory dose was calculated on the basis of a lung ventilation of 15\u2009l/min. Absorbed doses were calculated assuming a skin penetration of 10% and a respiratory retention of 100%. Dislodgeable foliar residues (DFRs) were determined during the days of re-entry in order to determine the dermal transfer factor. From the dependence of dermal exposure of hands from DFRs, a mean transfer factor was estimated to be 36.4\u2009cm2/h. Imidacloprid was determined by liquid chromatography with selective mass detection and electrospray interface in all matrices analysed. Respiratory dose was 4.1\u00b14.0 (0.1\u201314.3)% and 3.0\u00b12.0 (0.6\u20136.9)% (mean\u00b1SD (range)) of the total real dose during work in tunnels and greenhouses, respectively. The estimated absorbed doses, 0.29\u00b10.45\u2009\u03bcg/kg (0.06\u20132.25\u2009\u03bcg/kg) body weight and 0.32\u00b10.18\u2009\u03bcg/kg (0.07\u20130.66\u2009\u03bcg/kg) body weight (mean\u00b1SD (range)) in tunnels and in greenhouses, respectively, were less than the acceptable operator exposure level of 0.15\u2009mg/kg body weight and than the acceptable daily intake of 0.05\u2009mg/kg body weight. The hands and exposed skin of all workers were found to be contaminated, indicating that greater precautions, such as daily changing of gloves and clothing, are necessary to reduce skin exposure.", 
    "genre": "article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/jes.2008.50", 
    "inLanguage": "en", 
    "isAccessibleForFree": true, 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1036306", 
        "issn": [
          "1559-0631", 
          "1559-064X"
        ], 
        "name": "Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology", 
        "publisher": "Springer Nature", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "6", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "19"
      }
    ], 
    "keywords": [
      "body weight", 
      "respiratory dose", 
      "respiratory exposure", 
      "dislodgeable foliar residues", 
      "acceptable operator exposure level", 
      "personal air sampling", 
      "operator exposure level", 
      "acceptable daily intake", 
      "cutaneous doses", 
      "occupational exposure", 
      "lung ventilation", 
      "skin exposure", 
      "hand contamination", 
      "consecutive days", 
      "daily intake", 
      "dermal exposure", 
      "skin contamination", 
      "respiratory retention", 
      "exposure levels", 
      "dose", 
      "doses", 
      "real dose", 
      "skin penetration", 
      "cm2/h", 
      "transfer factor", 
      "exposure", 
      "skin", 
      "protective clothing", 
      "female workers", 
      "days", 
      "liquid chromatography", 
      "greater precautions", 
      "weight", 
      "outer clothing", 
      "intake", 
      "workers", 
      "ventilation", 
      "efficacy", 
      "air sampling", 
      "factors", 
      "total", 
      "foliar residues", 
      "gloves", 
      "aim", 
      "min", 
      "precautions", 
      "filter paper pads", 
      "paper pads", 
      "pads", 
      "hand", 
      "levels", 
      "evaluation", 
      "clothing", 
      "imidacloprid", 
      "retention", 
      "chromatography", 
      "detection", 
      "contamination", 
      "ethanol", 
      "sampling", 
      "penetration", 
      "mass detection", 
      "basis", 
      "research", 
      "mean transfer factors", 
      "tunnel", 
      "operation", 
      "residues", 
      "order", 
      "work", 
      "ornamental plants", 
      "dependence", 
      "matrix", 
      "plants", 
      "top", 
      "manual operation", 
      "greenhouse", 
      "Actual skin contamination", 
      "dermal transfer factor", 
      "selective mass detection", 
      "total real dose"
    ], 
    "name": "Evaluation of inhaled and cutaneous doses of imidacloprid during stapling ornamental plants in tunnels or greenhouses", 
    "pagination": "555-569", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1025002101"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1038/jes.2008.50"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "pubmed_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "19066620"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1038/jes.2008.50", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025002101"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2022-01-01T18:19", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-springernature-scigraph/baseset/20220101/entities/gbq_results/article/article_473.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "https://doi.org/10.1038/jes.2008.50"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/jes.2008.50'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/jes.2008.50'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/jes.2008.50'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/jes.2008.50'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

310 TRIPLES      22 PREDICATES      127 URIs      112 LITERALS      20 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1038/jes.2008.50 schema:about N11c89c60764442aa8f350946f752e99f
2 N22b52e779e334d29960b9034936483c8
3 N6c70e82425d54cd9a6a4e85f2b8a699b
4 N7fcad9ecac014cb3963129bcde998f84
5 N955477997ad540bdb0d768e94ac81a47
6 N9c7c1d60260e465f98bf1884529bb03c
7 Naabfea49e13d4490940f706591fb2026
8 Nb5a7b6937b544781a0a809c7307896e3
9 Nb9d643d8ef464bd29a1684f1cbab5f09
10 Neb23c5f9935743d7be47e7eb47450303
11 Nf71b39cdaf484c6c956332fb30ce18eb
12 Nf75398dd5b7a4e268bb83f3c26e8d996
13 Nfb1268da6575415ba15dc619bdae97f1
14 anzsrc-for:11
15 anzsrc-for:1117
16 schema:author Nddaf0d7fff394b3cb53a3cdc131e1633
17 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/bf00193341
18 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00216233
19 sg:pub.10.1007/bf01691975
20 sg:pub.10.1007/pl00006622
21 sg:pub.10.1007/s001289900246
22 sg:pub.10.1007/s00244-005-8025-2
23 sg:pub.10.1007/s00420-007-0220-1
24 schema:datePublished 2008-12-10
25 schema:datePublishedReg 2008-12-10
26 schema:description The aim of this research was to assess dermal and respiratory exposure of workers to imidacloprid during manual operations with ornamental plants previously treated in greenhouses or tunnels. A total of 10 female workers, 5 in greenhouses and 5 in tunnels, were monitored for 3 or 5 consecutive days. Actual skin contamination, excluding hands, was evaluated using nine filter paper pads placed directly on the skin. To evaluate the efficacy of protective clothing in reducing occupational exposure we also placed four pads on top of the outer clothing. Hand contamination was evaluated by washing with 95% ethanol. Respiratory exposure was evaluated by personal air sampling. Respiratory dose was calculated on the basis of a lung ventilation of 15 l/min. Absorbed doses were calculated assuming a skin penetration of 10% and a respiratory retention of 100%. Dislodgeable foliar residues (DFRs) were determined during the days of re-entry in order to determine the dermal transfer factor. From the dependence of dermal exposure of hands from DFRs, a mean transfer factor was estimated to be 36.4 cm2/h. Imidacloprid was determined by liquid chromatography with selective mass detection and electrospray interface in all matrices analysed. Respiratory dose was 4.1±4.0 (0.1–14.3)% and 3.0±2.0 (0.6–6.9)% (mean±SD (range)) of the total real dose during work in tunnels and greenhouses, respectively. The estimated absorbed doses, 0.29±0.45 μg/kg (0.06–2.25 μg/kg) body weight and 0.32±0.18 μg/kg (0.07–0.66 μg/kg) body weight (mean±SD (range)) in tunnels and in greenhouses, respectively, were less than the acceptable operator exposure level of 0.15 mg/kg body weight and than the acceptable daily intake of 0.05 mg/kg body weight. The hands and exposed skin of all workers were found to be contaminated, indicating that greater precautions, such as daily changing of gloves and clothing, are necessary to reduce skin exposure.
27 schema:genre article
28 schema:inLanguage en
29 schema:isAccessibleForFree true
30 schema:isPartOf N36e74d6217134be5b9b156cf2c599160
31 Na3a33f1cdd04421db15a60bc581c54cc
32 sg:journal.1036306
33 schema:keywords Actual skin contamination
34 acceptable daily intake
35 acceptable operator exposure level
36 aim
37 air sampling
38 basis
39 body weight
40 chromatography
41 clothing
42 cm2/h
43 consecutive days
44 contamination
45 cutaneous doses
46 daily intake
47 days
48 dependence
49 dermal exposure
50 dermal transfer factor
51 detection
52 dislodgeable foliar residues
53 dose
54 doses
55 efficacy
56 ethanol
57 evaluation
58 exposure
59 exposure levels
60 factors
61 female workers
62 filter paper pads
63 foliar residues
64 gloves
65 greater precautions
66 greenhouse
67 hand
68 hand contamination
69 imidacloprid
70 intake
71 levels
72 liquid chromatography
73 lung ventilation
74 manual operation
75 mass detection
76 matrix
77 mean transfer factors
78 min
79 occupational exposure
80 operation
81 operator exposure level
82 order
83 ornamental plants
84 outer clothing
85 pads
86 paper pads
87 penetration
88 personal air sampling
89 plants
90 precautions
91 protective clothing
92 real dose
93 research
94 residues
95 respiratory dose
96 respiratory exposure
97 respiratory retention
98 retention
99 sampling
100 selective mass detection
101 skin
102 skin contamination
103 skin exposure
104 skin penetration
105 top
106 total
107 total real dose
108 transfer factor
109 tunnel
110 ventilation
111 weight
112 work
113 workers
114 schema:name Evaluation of inhaled and cutaneous doses of imidacloprid during stapling ornamental plants in tunnels or greenhouses
115 schema:pagination 555-569
116 schema:productId N0152171dd0094c97abc75087166d6bff
117 N9ed2d986fc1441bdadacf62714cfaa5a
118 Ndc994ed0961d4ec6843dead18a528c8b
119 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025002101
120 https://doi.org/10.1038/jes.2008.50
121 schema:sdDatePublished 2022-01-01T18:19
122 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
123 schema:sdPublisher Ne2c97188573e4c5b8a9347c1cb8b6529
124 schema:url https://doi.org/10.1038/jes.2008.50
125 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
126 sgo:sdDataset articles
127 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
128 N0152171dd0094c97abc75087166d6bff schema:name dimensions_id
129 schema:value pub.1025002101
130 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
131 N11c89c60764442aa8f350946f752e99f schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
132 schema:name Environmental Monitoring
133 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
134 N143f2b3f07c94befaed5aa5231b5c00c rdf:first sg:person.0643356454.38
135 rdf:rest Ncf0cf53ab52640f3acf6f2f13e47c054
136 N22b52e779e334d29960b9034936483c8 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
137 schema:name Neonicotinoids
138 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
139 N244372b75d7c4d61b4ce964ed2480e3a rdf:first sg:person.0704475716.82
140 rdf:rest Nf1311a56ec4d4cefa5cf6ceb86d3d9e2
141 N36e74d6217134be5b9b156cf2c599160 schema:volumeNumber 19
142 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
143 N40adb2e23b044f02bbc53b08b033190e rdf:first sg:person.0670542543.04
144 rdf:rest N143f2b3f07c94befaed5aa5231b5c00c
145 N4aaf9e550865442eaed15a9fce476a60 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:None
146 schema:familyName Coppi
147 schema:givenName Luana
148 rdf:type schema:Person
149 N556ffc1fd07e460d97ea3fb232b20a3c rdf:first sg:person.01067037516.91
150 rdf:rest Nf67a37248749459c8122af70ead1d119
151 N6c70e82425d54cd9a6a4e85f2b8a699b schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
152 schema:name Skin
153 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
154 N735fc4bfe4b7410b9051c8888dbfa181 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:None
155 schema:familyName Catalano
156 schema:givenName Pietro
157 rdf:type schema:Person
158 N7fcad9ecac014cb3963129bcde998f84 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
159 schema:name Female
160 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
161 N81497286c45c448ba49e42efe24b6170 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:None
162 schema:familyName Bogi
163 schema:givenName Mirella
164 rdf:type schema:Person
165 N955477997ad540bdb0d768e94ac81a47 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
166 schema:name Humans
167 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
168 N9c7c1d60260e465f98bf1884529bb03c schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
169 schema:name Occupational Exposure
170 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
171 N9ed2d986fc1441bdadacf62714cfaa5a schema:name doi
172 schema:value 10.1038/jes.2008.50
173 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
174 Na3a33f1cdd04421db15a60bc581c54cc schema:issueNumber 6
175 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
176 Naabfea49e13d4490940f706591fb2026 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
177 schema:name Chromatography, Liquid
178 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
179 Nb5a7b6937b544781a0a809c7307896e3 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
180 schema:name Inhalation Exposure
181 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
182 Nb9d643d8ef464bd29a1684f1cbab5f09 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
183 schema:name Middle Aged
184 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
185 Nc74db9f077a84a8db1a5519d86f1d546 rdf:first sg:person.01020724316.92
186 rdf:rest N556ffc1fd07e460d97ea3fb232b20a3c
187 Ncbf2a5f91b7442f2bcbaf648a48ba294 rdf:first N81497286c45c448ba49e42efe24b6170
188 rdf:rest Nfdc03bf9de9940be862a16d15c963528
189 Ncf0cf53ab52640f3acf6f2f13e47c054 rdf:first sg:person.01120377067.40
190 rdf:rest rdf:nil
191 Nd665e48f3dd2405ca4b3adb2c36ded5e rdf:first sg:person.01317514516.29
192 rdf:rest Nde7eadab85774a3fba888fa65552b130
193 Ndc994ed0961d4ec6843dead18a528c8b schema:name pubmed_id
194 schema:value 19066620
195 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
196 Nddaf0d7fff394b3cb53a3cdc131e1633 rdf:first sg:person.0747704012.25
197 rdf:rest N244372b75d7c4d61b4ce964ed2480e3a
198 Nde7eadab85774a3fba888fa65552b130 rdf:first N735fc4bfe4b7410b9051c8888dbfa181
199 rdf:rest N40adb2e23b044f02bbc53b08b033190e
200 Ne2c97188573e4c5b8a9347c1cb8b6529 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
201 rdf:type schema:Organization
202 Neb23c5f9935743d7be47e7eb47450303 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
203 schema:name Plants
204 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
205 Nf1311a56ec4d4cefa5cf6ceb86d3d9e2 rdf:first sg:person.0752611116.46
206 rdf:rest Nc74db9f077a84a8db1a5519d86f1d546
207 Nf67a37248749459c8122af70ead1d119 rdf:first N4aaf9e550865442eaed15a9fce476a60
208 rdf:rest Ncbf2a5f91b7442f2bcbaf648a48ba294
209 Nf71b39cdaf484c6c956332fb30ce18eb schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
210 schema:name Nitro Compounds
211 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
212 Nf75398dd5b7a4e268bb83f3c26e8d996 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
213 schema:name Insecticides
214 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
215 Nfb1268da6575415ba15dc619bdae97f1 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
216 schema:name Imidazoles
217 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
218 Nfdc03bf9de9940be862a16d15c963528 rdf:first sg:person.01251401316.32
219 rdf:rest Nd665e48f3dd2405ca4b3adb2c36ded5e
220 anzsrc-for:11 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
221 schema:name Medical and Health Sciences
222 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
223 anzsrc-for:1117 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
224 schema:name Public Health and Health Services
225 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
226 sg:journal.1036306 schema:issn 1559-0631
227 1559-064X
228 schema:name Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology
229 schema:publisher Springer Nature
230 rdf:type schema:Periodical
231 sg:person.01020724316.92 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:None
232 schema:familyName Peruzzi
233 schema:givenName Antonio
234 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01020724316.92
235 rdf:type schema:Person
236 sg:person.01067037516.91 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:None
237 schema:familyName Centi
238 schema:givenName Letizia
239 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01067037516.91
240 rdf:type schema:Person
241 sg:person.01120377067.40 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:None
242 schema:familyName Sciarra
243 schema:givenName Gianfranco
244 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01120377067.40
245 rdf:type schema:Person
246 sg:person.01251401316.32 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:None
247 schema:familyName Marianelli
248 schema:givenName Enrico
249 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01251401316.32
250 rdf:type schema:Person
251 sg:person.01317514516.29 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:None
252 schema:familyName Fantacci
253 schema:givenName Mariella
254 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01317514516.29
255 rdf:type schema:Person
256 sg:person.0643356454.38 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:None
257 schema:familyName Miligi
258 schema:givenName Lucia
259 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0643356454.38
260 rdf:type schema:Person
261 sg:person.0670542543.04 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:None
262 schema:familyName Benvenuti
263 schema:givenName Alessandra
264 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0670542543.04
265 rdf:type schema:Person
266 sg:person.0704475716.82 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:None
267 schema:familyName Lunghini
268 schema:givenName Liana
269 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0704475716.82
270 rdf:type schema:Person
271 sg:person.0747704012.25 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:None
272 schema:familyName Aprea
273 schema:givenName Cristina
274 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0747704012.25
275 rdf:type schema:Person
276 sg:person.0752611116.46 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:None
277 schema:familyName Banchi
278 schema:givenName Bruno
279 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0752611116.46
280 rdf:type schema:Person
281 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00193341 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042295564
282 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00193341
283 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
284 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00216233 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033992233
285 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00216233
286 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
287 sg:pub.10.1007/bf01691975 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014585368
288 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01691975
289 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
290 sg:pub.10.1007/pl00006622 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038058749
291 https://doi.org/10.1007/pl00006622
292 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
293 sg:pub.10.1007/s001289900246 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024227452
294 https://doi.org/10.1007/s001289900246
295 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
296 sg:pub.10.1007/s00244-005-8025-2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017000062
297 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00244-005-8025-2
298 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
299 sg:pub.10.1007/s00420-007-0220-1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015059904
300 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00420-007-0220-1
301 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
302 grid-institutes:None schema:alternateName Laboratorio di Sanità Pubblica, Area Vasta Toscana Sud, Azienda USL 7, Siena, Italy
303 Servizio Prevenzione Igiene e Sicurezza nei Luoghi di Lavoro, Azienda USL 7, Zona Amiata Senese, Siena, Italy
304 Servizio Prevenzione Igiene e Sicurezza nei Luoghi di Lavoro, Azienda USL 9, Siena, Italy
305 U.O. Epidemiologia Ambientale ed Occupazionale, CSPO Istituto Scientifico Prevenzione Oncologica, Firenze, Italy
306 schema:name Laboratorio di Sanità Pubblica, Area Vasta Toscana Sud, Azienda USL 7, Siena, Italy
307 Servizio Prevenzione Igiene e Sicurezza nei Luoghi di Lavoro, Azienda USL 7, Zona Amiata Senese, Siena, Italy
308 Servizio Prevenzione Igiene e Sicurezza nei Luoghi di Lavoro, Azienda USL 9, Siena, Italy
309 U.O. Epidemiologia Ambientale ed Occupazionale, CSPO Istituto Scientifico Prevenzione Oncologica, Firenze, Italy
310 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...