Predicting the response of the deep-ocean microbiome to geochemical perturbations by hydrothermal vents View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2015-02-06

AUTHORS

Daniel C Reed, John A Breier, Houshuo Jiang, Karthik Anantharaman, Christopher A Klausmeier, Brandy M Toner, Cathrine Hancock, Kevin Speer, Andreas M Thurnherr, Gregory J Dick

ABSTRACT

Submarine hydrothermal vents perturb the deep-ocean microbiome by injecting reduced chemical species into the water column that act as an energy source for chemosynthetic organisms. These systems thus provide excellent natural laboratories for studying the response of microbial communities to shifts in marine geochemistry. The present study explores the processes that regulate coupled microbial-geochemical dynamics in hydrothermal plumes by means of a novel mathematical model, which combines thermodynamics, growth and reaction kinetics, and transport processes derived from a fluid dynamics model. Simulations of a plume located in the ABE vent field of the Lau basin were able to reproduce metagenomic observations well and demonstrated that the magnitude of primary production and rate of autotrophic growth are largely regulated by the energetics of metabolisms and the availability of electron donors, as opposed to kinetic parameters. Ambient seawater was the dominant source of microbes to the plume and sulphur oxidisers constituted almost 90% of the modelled community in the neutrally-buoyant plume. Data from drifters deployed in the region allowed the different time scales of metabolisms to be cast in a spatial context, which demonstrated spatial succession in the microbial community. While growth was shown to occur over distances of tens of kilometers, microbes persisted over hundreds of kilometers. Given that high-temperature hydrothermal systems are found less than 100 km apart on average, plumes may act as important vectors between different vent fields and other environments that are hospitable to similar organisms, such as oil spills and oxygen minimum zones. More... »

PAGES

1857-1869

References to SciGraph publications

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  • 2011-08-10. Hydrogen is an energy source for hydrothermal vent symbioses in NATURE
  • 1995-06. Geochemical constraints on chemolithoautotrophic reactions in hydrothermal systems in ORIGINS OF LIFE AND EVOLUTION OF BIOSPHERES
  • 2012-06-14. Genome-enabled transcriptomics reveals archaeal populations that drive nitrification in a deep-sea hydrothermal plume in THE ISME JOURNAL: MULTIDISCIPLINARY JOURNAL OF MICROBIAL ECOLOGY
  • 2014-02-05. Microbial iron uptake as a mechanism for dispersing iron from deep-sea hydrothermal vents in NATURE COMMUNICATIONS
  • 2012-06-14. The metatranscriptome of a deep-sea hydrothermal plume is dominated by water column methanotrophs and lithotrophs in THE ISME JOURNAL: MULTIDISCIPLINARY JOURNAL OF MICROBIAL ECOLOGY
  • 2014-04-22. Theoretical constraints of physical and chemical properties of hydrothermal fluids on variations in chemolithotrophic microbial communities in seafloor hydrothermal systems in PROGRESS IN EARTH AND PLANETARY SCIENCE
  • 2012-08-09. Isolation of an aerobic sulfur oxidizer from the SUP05/Arctic96BD-19 clade in THE ISME JOURNAL: MULTIDISCIPLINARY JOURNAL OF MICROBIAL ECOLOGY
  • 2001-01. Archaeal dominance in the mesopelagic zone of the Pacific Ocean in NATURE
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  • 2008-10-03. Calculation of the relative metastabilities of proteins using the CHNOSZ software package in GEOCHEMICAL TRANSACTIONS
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/ismej.2015.4

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ismej.2015.4

    DIMENSIONS

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    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25658053


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    29 schema:description Submarine hydrothermal vents perturb the deep-ocean microbiome by injecting reduced chemical species into the water column that act as an energy source for chemosynthetic organisms. These systems thus provide excellent natural laboratories for studying the response of microbial communities to shifts in marine geochemistry. The present study explores the processes that regulate coupled microbial-geochemical dynamics in hydrothermal plumes by means of a novel mathematical model, which combines thermodynamics, growth and reaction kinetics, and transport processes derived from a fluid dynamics model. Simulations of a plume located in the ABE vent field of the Lau basin were able to reproduce metagenomic observations well and demonstrated that the magnitude of primary production and rate of autotrophic growth are largely regulated by the energetics of metabolisms and the availability of electron donors, as opposed to kinetic parameters. Ambient seawater was the dominant source of microbes to the plume and sulphur oxidisers constituted almost 90% of the modelled community in the neutrally-buoyant plume. Data from drifters deployed in the region allowed the different time scales of metabolisms to be cast in a spatial context, which demonstrated spatial succession in the microbial community. While growth was shown to occur over distances of tens of kilometers, microbes persisted over hundreds of kilometers. Given that high-temperature hydrothermal systems are found less than 100 km apart on average, plumes may act as important vectors between different vent fields and other environments that are hospitable to similar organisms, such as oil spills and oxygen minimum zones.
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