Lake microbial communities are resilient after a whole-ecosystem disturbance View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2012-06-28

AUTHORS

Ashley Shade, Jordan S Read, Nicholas D Youngblut, Noah Fierer, Rob Knight, Timothy K Kratz, Noah R Lottig, Eric E Roden, Emily H Stanley, Jesse Stombaugh, Rachel J Whitaker, Chin H Wu, Katherine D McMahon

ABSTRACT

Disturbances act as powerful structuring forces on ecosystems. To ask whether environmental microbial communities have capacity to recover after a large disturbance event, we conducted a whole-ecosystem manipulation, during which we imposed an intense disturbance on freshwater microbial communities by artificially mixing a temperate lake during peak summer thermal stratification. We employed environmental sensors and water chemistry analyses to evaluate the physical and chemical responses of the lake, and bar-coded 16S ribosomal RNA gene pyrosequencing and automated ribosomal intergenic spacer analysis (ARISA) to assess the bacterial community responses. The artificial mixing increased mean lake temperature from 14 to 20 °C for seven weeks after mixing ended, and exposed the microorganisms to very different environmental conditions, including increased hypolimnion oxygen and increased epilimnion carbon dioxide concentrations. Though overall ecosystem conditions remained altered (with hypolimnion temperatures elevated from 6 to 20 °C), bacterial communities returned to their pre-manipulation state as some environmental conditions, such as oxygen concentration, recovered. Recovery to pre-disturbance community composition and diversity was observed within 7 (epilimnion) and 11 (hypolimnion) days after mixing. Our results suggest that some microbial communities have capacity to recover after a major disturbance. More... »

PAGES

2153-2167

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2009-08-27. Fast UniFrac: Facilitating high-throughput phylogenetic analyses of microbial communities including analysis of pyrosequencing and PhyloChip data in THE ISME JOURNAL: MULTIDISCIPLINARY JOURNAL OF MICROBIAL ECOLOGY
  • 2010-04-11. QIIME allows analysis of high-throughput community sequencing data in NATURE METHODS
  • 2008-09-11. Phenology of high-elevation pelagic bacteria: the roles of meteorologic variability, catchment inputs and thermal stratification in structuring communities in THE ISME JOURNAL: MULTIDISCIPLINARY JOURNAL OF MICROBIAL ECOLOGY
  • 2009-09-18. Seasonal and Episodic Lake Mixing Stimulate Differential Planktonic Bacterial Dynamics in MICROBIAL ECOLOGY
  • 1998-11. Comparing Large, Infrequent Disturbances: What Have We Learned? in ECOSYSTEMS
  • 1998-11. Factors Influencing Succession: Lessons from Large, Infrequent Natural Disturbances in ECOSYSTEMS
  • 1998-11. Are Large, Infrequent Disturbances Qualitatively Different from Small, Frequent Disturbances? in ECOSYSTEMS
  • 1998-07. Whole-Ecosystem Experiments: Replication Versus Realism: The Need for Ecosystem-Scale Experiments in ECOSYSTEMS
  • 1984-01. The complexity and stability of ecosystems in NATURE
  • 2009-10-15. Pyrosequencing reveals contrasting seasonal dynamics of taxa within Baltic Sea bacterioplankton communities in THE ISME JOURNAL: MULTIDISCIPLINARY JOURNAL OF MICROBIAL ECOLOGY
  • 1996-09. Sampling to differentiate between pulse and press perturbations in ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING AND ASSESSMENT
  • 2008-02-10. Error-correcting barcoded primers for pyrosequencing hundreds of samples in multiplex in NATURE METHODS
  • 2007-05-01. Synchrony in aquatic microbial community dynamics in THE ISME JOURNAL: MULTIDISCIPLINARY JOURNAL OF MICROBIAL ECOLOGY
  • 1992-07. Extreme events in a changing climate: Variability is more important than averages in CLIMATIC CHANGE
  • 2001. The Search for Generality in Studies of Disturbance and Ecosystem Dynamics in PROGRESS IN BOTANY
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/ismej.2012.56

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ismej.2012.56

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043986053

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22739495


    Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
    Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

    JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

    TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

    [
      {
        "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
        "about": [
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/06", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Biological Sciences", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0602", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Ecology", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0605", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Microbiology", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Bacteria", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Biota", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Ecosystem", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Lakes", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Models, Statistical", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Oxygen", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Phylogeny", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "RNA, Ribosomal, 16S", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Seasons", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Sequence Analysis, DNA", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Temperature", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Water", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Water Microbiology", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }
        ], 
        "author": [
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Microbiology Doctoral Training Program, University of Wisconsin\u2013Madison, Madison, WI, USA", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.14003.36", 
              "name": [
                "Microbiology Doctoral Training Program, University of Wisconsin\u2013Madison, Madison, WI, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Shade", 
            "givenName": "Ashley", 
            "id": "sg:person.01113271556.37", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01113271556.37"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Wisconsin\u2013Madison, Madison, WI, USA", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.14003.36", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Wisconsin\u2013Madison, Madison, WI, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Read", 
            "givenName": "Jordan S", 
            "id": "sg:person.014047252321.79", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014047252321.79"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Department of Microbiology, University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL, USA", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.35403.31", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Microbiology, University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Youngblut", 
            "givenName": "Nicholas D", 
            "id": "sg:person.01251636766.95", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01251636766.95"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO, USA", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.464551.7", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO, USA", 
                "Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Fierer", 
            "givenName": "Noah", 
            "id": "sg:person.01061615031.38", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01061615031.38"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Boulder, CO, USA", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.413575.1", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO, USA", 
                "Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Boulder, CO, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Knight", 
            "givenName": "Rob", 
            "id": "sg:person.016311745377.96", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016311745377.96"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Trout Lake Station, University of Wisconsin\u2013Madison, Boulder Junction, WI, USA", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.14003.36", 
              "name": [
                "Trout Lake Station, University of Wisconsin\u2013Madison, Boulder Junction, WI, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Kratz", 
            "givenName": "Timothy K", 
            "id": "sg:person.01031364444.34", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01031364444.34"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Trout Lake Station, University of Wisconsin\u2013Madison, Boulder Junction, WI, USA", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.14003.36", 
              "name": [
                "Trout Lake Station, University of Wisconsin\u2013Madison, Boulder Junction, WI, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Lottig", 
            "givenName": "Noah R", 
            "id": "sg:person.014711475731.31", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014711475731.31"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Department of Geoscience, Madison, WI, USA", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/None", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Geoscience, Madison, WI, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Roden", 
            "givenName": "Eric E", 
            "id": "sg:person.0726632041.16", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0726632041.16"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "University of Wisconsin, Center for Limnology, Madison, WI, USA", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.14003.36", 
              "name": [
                "University of Wisconsin, Center for Limnology, Madison, WI, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Stanley", 
            "givenName": "Emily H", 
            "id": "sg:person.015635336715.73", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015635336715.73"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO, USA", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.266190.a", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Stombaugh", 
            "givenName": "Jesse", 
            "id": "sg:person.01256275777.26", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01256275777.26"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Department of Microbiology, University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL, USA", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.35403.31", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Microbiology, University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Whitaker", 
            "givenName": "Rachel J", 
            "id": "sg:person.012561373267.01", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012561373267.01"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Wisconsin\u2013Madison, Madison, WI, USA", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.14003.36", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Wisconsin\u2013Madison, Madison, WI, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Wu", 
            "givenName": "Chin H", 
            "id": "sg:person.012632603545.66", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012632603545.66"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Department of Bacteriology, University of Wisconsin\u2013Madison, Madison, WI, USA", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.14003.36", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Wisconsin\u2013Madison, Madison, WI, USA", 
                "Department of Bacteriology, University of Wisconsin\u2013Madison, Madison, WI, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "McMahon", 
            "givenName": "Katherine D", 
            "id": "sg:person.01007375500.45", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01007375500.45"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }
        ], 
        "citation": [
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s100219900047", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023848117", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s100219900047"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/ismej.2007.6", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050896718", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/ismej.2007.6"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/ismej.2009.97", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024882111", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/ismej.2009.97"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00139728", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046834192", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00139728"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-642-56849-7_17", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027421569", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-56849-7_17"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00414371", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052399844", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00414371"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00248-009-9589-6", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006646713", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00248-009-9589-6"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nmeth.f.303", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009032055", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nmeth.f.303"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s100219900048", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014026312", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s100219900048"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/ismej.2008.81", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008938116", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/ismej.2008.81"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/307321a0", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042943740", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/307321a0"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/ismej.2009.108", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047122152", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/ismej.2009.108"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s100219900026", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020864265", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s100219900026"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s100219900045", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053583855", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s100219900045"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nmeth.1184", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042740345", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nmeth.1184"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }
        ], 
        "datePublished": "2012-06-28", 
        "datePublishedReg": "2012-06-28", 
        "description": "Disturbances act as powerful structuring forces on ecosystems. To ask whether environmental microbial communities have capacity to recover after a large disturbance event, we conducted a whole-ecosystem manipulation, during which we imposed an intense disturbance on freshwater microbial communities by artificially mixing a temperate lake during peak summer thermal stratification. We employed environmental sensors and water chemistry analyses to evaluate the physical and chemical responses of the lake, and bar-coded 16S ribosomal RNA gene pyrosequencing and automated ribosomal intergenic spacer analysis (ARISA) to assess the bacterial community responses. The artificial mixing increased mean lake temperature from 14 to 20\u2009\u00b0C for seven weeks after mixing ended, and exposed the microorganisms to very different environmental conditions, including increased hypolimnion oxygen and increased epilimnion carbon dioxide concentrations. Though overall ecosystem conditions remained altered (with hypolimnion temperatures elevated from 6 to 20\u2009\u00b0C), bacterial communities returned to their pre-manipulation state as some environmental conditions, such as oxygen concentration, recovered. Recovery to pre-disturbance community composition and diversity was observed within 7 (epilimnion) and 11 (hypolimnion) days after mixing. Our results suggest that some microbial communities have capacity to recover after a major disturbance.", 
        "genre": "article", 
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/ismej.2012.56", 
        "inLanguage": "en", 
        "isAccessibleForFree": true, 
        "isFundedItemOf": [
          {
            "id": "sg:grant.2995294", 
            "type": "MonetaryGrant"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:grant.3101202", 
            "type": "MonetaryGrant"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:grant.3053993", 
            "type": "MonetaryGrant"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:grant.3060791", 
            "type": "MonetaryGrant"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:grant.3091254", 
            "type": "MonetaryGrant"
          }
        ], 
        "isPartOf": [
          {
            "id": "sg:journal.1038436", 
            "issn": [
              "1751-7362", 
              "1751-7370"
            ], 
            "name": "The ISME Journal: Multidisciplinary Journal of Microbial Ecology", 
            "publisher": "Springer Nature", 
            "type": "Periodical"
          }, 
          {
            "issueNumber": "12", 
            "type": "PublicationIssue"
          }, 
          {
            "type": "PublicationVolume", 
            "volumeNumber": "6"
          }
        ], 
        "keywords": [
          "microbial communities", 
          "freshwater microbial communities", 
          "lake microbial communities", 
          "ribosomal intergenic spacer analysis", 
          "environmental microbial communities", 
          "whole-ecosystem manipulation", 
          "bacterial community responses", 
          "environmental conditions", 
          "ribosomal RNA gene pyrosequencing", 
          "overall ecosystem condition", 
          "large disturbance events", 
          "water chemistry analysis", 
          "mean lake temperature", 
          "community composition", 
          "structuring force", 
          "spacer analysis", 
          "bacterial communities", 
          "different environmental conditions", 
          "temperate lakes", 
          "ecosystem conditions", 
          "gene pyrosequencing", 
          "disturbance events", 
          "community responses", 
          "intense disturbance", 
          "carbon dioxide concentration", 
          "major disturbances", 
          "artificial mixing", 
          "dioxide concentration", 
          "community", 
          "lake temperature", 
          "chemical response", 
          "lakes", 
          "disturbances", 
          "chemistry analysis", 
          "summer thermal stratification", 
          "ecosystems", 
          "pyrosequencing", 
          "diversity", 
          "oxygen concentration", 
          "microorganisms", 
          "thermal stratification", 
          "environmental sensors", 
          "response", 
          "concentration", 
          "composition", 
          "capacity", 
          "manipulation", 
          "conditions", 
          "analysis", 
          "events", 
          "recovery", 
          "oxygen", 
          "stratification", 
          "temperature", 
          "results", 
          "mixing", 
          "state", 
          "days", 
          "force", 
          "weeks", 
          "sensors", 
          "powerful structuring forces", 
          "peak summer thermal stratification", 
          "RNA gene pyrosequencing", 
          "intergenic spacer analysis", 
          "hypolimnion oxygen", 
          "epilimnion carbon dioxide concentrations", 
          "pre-manipulation state", 
          "pre-disturbance community composition", 
          "whole-ecosystem disturbance"
        ], 
        "name": "Lake microbial communities are resilient after a whole-ecosystem disturbance", 
        "pagination": "2153-2167", 
        "productId": [
          {
            "name": "dimensions_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "pub.1043986053"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "doi", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "10.1038/ismej.2012.56"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "pubmed_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "22739495"
            ]
          }
        ], 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/ismej.2012.56", 
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043986053"
        ], 
        "sdDataset": "articles", 
        "sdDatePublished": "2021-11-01T18:17", 
        "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
        "sdPublisher": {
          "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "sdSource": "s3://com-springernature-scigraph/baseset/20211101/entities/gbq_results/article/article_556.jsonl", 
        "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
        "url": "https://doi.org/10.1038/ismej.2012.56"
      }
    ]
     

    Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

    HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

    JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/ismej.2012.56'

    N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/ismej.2012.56'

    Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

    curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/ismej.2012.56'

    RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/ismej.2012.56'


     

    This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

    367 TRIPLES      22 PREDICATES      125 URIs      101 LITERALS      20 BLANK NODES

    Subject Predicate Object
    1 sg:pub.10.1038/ismej.2012.56 schema:about N5ad9458c4af841519667dc6e81abf6b8
    2 N729a720c3d58470684fbd26a1b7b321d
    3 N88ac70260bee462bb0878d3a2ea70015
    4 Na096f59c6b7a44d79249f46ace7631a1
    5 Nb20eec64bd6d4e1d8a5873950dd9638e
    6 Nb430054a55eb41e79f17ed273e544102
    7 Nb5c1952e34574adaac317919c40167df
    8 Nc86f494b1ad54a3bbdf0257ca4fe4d17
    9 Nca642baa943e4f13948f5e3b58fd4a8e
    10 Ndb7467d42e064d7a9a7645b7d0a508cb
    11 Ndd3c8b6ba1134dc8a1e61e36959d8b54
    12 Nf036474bfb304abc8dd7c69d02bde952
    13 Nfc1591ac1b544d3a8cec4ab790e73d8b
    14 anzsrc-for:06
    15 anzsrc-for:0602
    16 anzsrc-for:0605
    17 schema:author Na0e1f4ccd4fe4796b4dafce4991d76af
    18 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-642-56849-7_17
    19 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00139728
    20 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00414371
    21 sg:pub.10.1007/s00248-009-9589-6
    22 sg:pub.10.1007/s100219900026
    23 sg:pub.10.1007/s100219900045
    24 sg:pub.10.1007/s100219900047
    25 sg:pub.10.1007/s100219900048
    26 sg:pub.10.1038/307321a0
    27 sg:pub.10.1038/ismej.2007.6
    28 sg:pub.10.1038/ismej.2008.81
    29 sg:pub.10.1038/ismej.2009.108
    30 sg:pub.10.1038/ismej.2009.97
    31 sg:pub.10.1038/nmeth.1184
    32 sg:pub.10.1038/nmeth.f.303
    33 schema:datePublished 2012-06-28
    34 schema:datePublishedReg 2012-06-28
    35 schema:description Disturbances act as powerful structuring forces on ecosystems. To ask whether environmental microbial communities have capacity to recover after a large disturbance event, we conducted a whole-ecosystem manipulation, during which we imposed an intense disturbance on freshwater microbial communities by artificially mixing a temperate lake during peak summer thermal stratification. We employed environmental sensors and water chemistry analyses to evaluate the physical and chemical responses of the lake, and bar-coded 16S ribosomal RNA gene pyrosequencing and automated ribosomal intergenic spacer analysis (ARISA) to assess the bacterial community responses. The artificial mixing increased mean lake temperature from 14 to 20 °C for seven weeks after mixing ended, and exposed the microorganisms to very different environmental conditions, including increased hypolimnion oxygen and increased epilimnion carbon dioxide concentrations. Though overall ecosystem conditions remained altered (with hypolimnion temperatures elevated from 6 to 20 °C), bacterial communities returned to their pre-manipulation state as some environmental conditions, such as oxygen concentration, recovered. Recovery to pre-disturbance community composition and diversity was observed within 7 (epilimnion) and 11 (hypolimnion) days after mixing. Our results suggest that some microbial communities have capacity to recover after a major disturbance.
    36 schema:genre article
    37 schema:inLanguage en
    38 schema:isAccessibleForFree true
    39 schema:isPartOf Nbc523c70c1ba48f2b60de9dbe5557ba4
    40 Nd2b99c9e807f4037bf952f7909434e86
    41 sg:journal.1038436
    42 schema:keywords RNA gene pyrosequencing
    43 analysis
    44 artificial mixing
    45 bacterial communities
    46 bacterial community responses
    47 capacity
    48 carbon dioxide concentration
    49 chemical response
    50 chemistry analysis
    51 community
    52 community composition
    53 community responses
    54 composition
    55 concentration
    56 conditions
    57 days
    58 different environmental conditions
    59 dioxide concentration
    60 disturbance events
    61 disturbances
    62 diversity
    63 ecosystem conditions
    64 ecosystems
    65 environmental conditions
    66 environmental microbial communities
    67 environmental sensors
    68 epilimnion carbon dioxide concentrations
    69 events
    70 force
    71 freshwater microbial communities
    72 gene pyrosequencing
    73 hypolimnion oxygen
    74 intense disturbance
    75 intergenic spacer analysis
    76 lake microbial communities
    77 lake temperature
    78 lakes
    79 large disturbance events
    80 major disturbances
    81 manipulation
    82 mean lake temperature
    83 microbial communities
    84 microorganisms
    85 mixing
    86 overall ecosystem condition
    87 oxygen
    88 oxygen concentration
    89 peak summer thermal stratification
    90 powerful structuring forces
    91 pre-disturbance community composition
    92 pre-manipulation state
    93 pyrosequencing
    94 recovery
    95 response
    96 results
    97 ribosomal RNA gene pyrosequencing
    98 ribosomal intergenic spacer analysis
    99 sensors
    100 spacer analysis
    101 state
    102 stratification
    103 structuring force
    104 summer thermal stratification
    105 temperate lakes
    106 temperature
    107 thermal stratification
    108 water chemistry analysis
    109 weeks
    110 whole-ecosystem disturbance
    111 whole-ecosystem manipulation
    112 schema:name Lake microbial communities are resilient after a whole-ecosystem disturbance
    113 schema:pagination 2153-2167
    114 schema:productId N17721c722e174fdea69be4a66e45a3ff
    115 Na9d9f16f4bf2426fbb4bdd9beaa3fa7a
    116 Nf4786c4e131b4c33a1e3a62568a87512
    117 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043986053
    118 https://doi.org/10.1038/ismej.2012.56
    119 schema:sdDatePublished 2021-11-01T18:17
    120 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
    121 schema:sdPublisher Ne0354fee494a4d0abf328162d8381d91
    122 schema:url https://doi.org/10.1038/ismej.2012.56
    123 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
    124 sgo:sdDataset articles
    125 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
    126 N14785e78739d4c3eafeb572a5102efb5 rdf:first sg:person.014047252321.79
    127 rdf:rest N2b8269442c5c45658403431f3802f229
    128 N17721c722e174fdea69be4a66e45a3ff schema:name pubmed_id
    129 schema:value 22739495
    130 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    131 N2098173f1cce4e4fb1596b493c43aa3a rdf:first sg:person.016311745377.96
    132 rdf:rest Na02ed25bee384d158046bcfdd5741b1e
    133 N2b8269442c5c45658403431f3802f229 rdf:first sg:person.01251636766.95
    134 rdf:rest N40a858d3f38444feac113bfe4f276feb
    135 N40a858d3f38444feac113bfe4f276feb rdf:first sg:person.01061615031.38
    136 rdf:rest N2098173f1cce4e4fb1596b493c43aa3a
    137 N5ad9458c4af841519667dc6e81abf6b8 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    138 schema:name Biota
    139 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    140 N624cbb55fc6f4f71a204d1df629fe454 rdf:first sg:person.012561373267.01
    141 rdf:rest N8520d019c96d491b9e07205ef30eda28
    142 N729a720c3d58470684fbd26a1b7b321d schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    143 schema:name Temperature
    144 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    145 N8520d019c96d491b9e07205ef30eda28 rdf:first sg:person.012632603545.66
    146 rdf:rest Nbe34988cb5874aa2b259fc206c487859
    147 N88ac70260bee462bb0878d3a2ea70015 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    148 schema:name Water Microbiology
    149 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    150 N8de37fd771044ada941703c3e34a7d9a rdf:first sg:person.0726632041.16
    151 rdf:rest Na7963d9fc771448fb836edc2889edc08
    152 N94b288c537fc4e709d4a8366beaffee6 rdf:first sg:person.01256275777.26
    153 rdf:rest N624cbb55fc6f4f71a204d1df629fe454
    154 Na02ed25bee384d158046bcfdd5741b1e rdf:first sg:person.01031364444.34
    155 rdf:rest Nebed8d4a470e4004aa0c0377452dc81c
    156 Na096f59c6b7a44d79249f46ace7631a1 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    157 schema:name Phylogeny
    158 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    159 Na0e1f4ccd4fe4796b4dafce4991d76af rdf:first sg:person.01113271556.37
    160 rdf:rest N14785e78739d4c3eafeb572a5102efb5
    161 Na7963d9fc771448fb836edc2889edc08 rdf:first sg:person.015635336715.73
    162 rdf:rest N94b288c537fc4e709d4a8366beaffee6
    163 Na9d9f16f4bf2426fbb4bdd9beaa3fa7a schema:name dimensions_id
    164 schema:value pub.1043986053
    165 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    166 Nb20eec64bd6d4e1d8a5873950dd9638e schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    167 schema:name RNA, Ribosomal, 16S
    168 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    169 Nb430054a55eb41e79f17ed273e544102 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    170 schema:name Bacteria
    171 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    172 Nb5c1952e34574adaac317919c40167df schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    173 schema:name Water
    174 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    175 Nbc523c70c1ba48f2b60de9dbe5557ba4 schema:volumeNumber 6
    176 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
    177 Nbe34988cb5874aa2b259fc206c487859 rdf:first sg:person.01007375500.45
    178 rdf:rest rdf:nil
    179 Nc86f494b1ad54a3bbdf0257ca4fe4d17 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    180 schema:name Seasons
    181 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    182 Nca642baa943e4f13948f5e3b58fd4a8e schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    183 schema:name Lakes
    184 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    185 Nd2b99c9e807f4037bf952f7909434e86 schema:issueNumber 12
    186 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
    187 Ndb7467d42e064d7a9a7645b7d0a508cb schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    188 schema:name Oxygen
    189 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    190 Ndd3c8b6ba1134dc8a1e61e36959d8b54 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    191 schema:name Sequence Analysis, DNA
    192 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    193 Ne0354fee494a4d0abf328162d8381d91 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
    194 rdf:type schema:Organization
    195 Nebed8d4a470e4004aa0c0377452dc81c rdf:first sg:person.014711475731.31
    196 rdf:rest N8de37fd771044ada941703c3e34a7d9a
    197 Nf036474bfb304abc8dd7c69d02bde952 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    198 schema:name Ecosystem
    199 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    200 Nf4786c4e131b4c33a1e3a62568a87512 schema:name doi
    201 schema:value 10.1038/ismej.2012.56
    202 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    203 Nfc1591ac1b544d3a8cec4ab790e73d8b schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    204 schema:name Models, Statistical
    205 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    206 anzsrc-for:06 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    207 schema:name Biological Sciences
    208 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    209 anzsrc-for:0602 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    210 schema:name Ecology
    211 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    212 anzsrc-for:0605 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    213 schema:name Microbiology
    214 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    215 sg:grant.2995294 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1038/ismej.2012.56
    216 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
    217 sg:grant.3053993 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1038/ismej.2012.56
    218 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
    219 sg:grant.3060791 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1038/ismej.2012.56
    220 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
    221 sg:grant.3091254 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1038/ismej.2012.56
    222 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
    223 sg:grant.3101202 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1038/ismej.2012.56
    224 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
    225 sg:journal.1038436 schema:issn 1751-7362
    226 1751-7370
    227 schema:name The ISME Journal: Multidisciplinary Journal of Microbial Ecology
    228 schema:publisher Springer Nature
    229 rdf:type schema:Periodical
    230 sg:person.01007375500.45 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.14003.36
    231 schema:familyName McMahon
    232 schema:givenName Katherine D
    233 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01007375500.45
    234 rdf:type schema:Person
    235 sg:person.01031364444.34 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.14003.36
    236 schema:familyName Kratz
    237 schema:givenName Timothy K
    238 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01031364444.34
    239 rdf:type schema:Person
    240 sg:person.01061615031.38 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.464551.7
    241 schema:familyName Fierer
    242 schema:givenName Noah
    243 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01061615031.38
    244 rdf:type schema:Person
    245 sg:person.01113271556.37 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.14003.36
    246 schema:familyName Shade
    247 schema:givenName Ashley
    248 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01113271556.37
    249 rdf:type schema:Person
    250 sg:person.01251636766.95 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.35403.31
    251 schema:familyName Youngblut
    252 schema:givenName Nicholas D
    253 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01251636766.95
    254 rdf:type schema:Person
    255 sg:person.012561373267.01 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.35403.31
    256 schema:familyName Whitaker
    257 schema:givenName Rachel J
    258 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012561373267.01
    259 rdf:type schema:Person
    260 sg:person.01256275777.26 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.266190.a
    261 schema:familyName Stombaugh
    262 schema:givenName Jesse
    263 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01256275777.26
    264 rdf:type schema:Person
    265 sg:person.012632603545.66 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.14003.36
    266 schema:familyName Wu
    267 schema:givenName Chin H
    268 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012632603545.66
    269 rdf:type schema:Person
    270 sg:person.014047252321.79 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.14003.36
    271 schema:familyName Read
    272 schema:givenName Jordan S
    273 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014047252321.79
    274 rdf:type schema:Person
    275 sg:person.014711475731.31 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.14003.36
    276 schema:familyName Lottig
    277 schema:givenName Noah R
    278 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014711475731.31
    279 rdf:type schema:Person
    280 sg:person.015635336715.73 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.14003.36
    281 schema:familyName Stanley
    282 schema:givenName Emily H
    283 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015635336715.73
    284 rdf:type schema:Person
    285 sg:person.016311745377.96 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.413575.1
    286 schema:familyName Knight
    287 schema:givenName Rob
    288 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016311745377.96
    289 rdf:type schema:Person
    290 sg:person.0726632041.16 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:None
    291 schema:familyName Roden
    292 schema:givenName Eric E
    293 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0726632041.16
    294 rdf:type schema:Person
    295 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-642-56849-7_17 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027421569
    296 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-56849-7_17
    297 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    298 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00139728 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046834192
    299 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00139728
    300 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    301 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00414371 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052399844
    302 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00414371
    303 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    304 sg:pub.10.1007/s00248-009-9589-6 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006646713
    305 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00248-009-9589-6
    306 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    307 sg:pub.10.1007/s100219900026 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020864265
    308 https://doi.org/10.1007/s100219900026
    309 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    310 sg:pub.10.1007/s100219900045 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053583855
    311 https://doi.org/10.1007/s100219900045
    312 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    313 sg:pub.10.1007/s100219900047 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023848117
    314 https://doi.org/10.1007/s100219900047
    315 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    316 sg:pub.10.1007/s100219900048 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014026312
    317 https://doi.org/10.1007/s100219900048
    318 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    319 sg:pub.10.1038/307321a0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042943740
    320 https://doi.org/10.1038/307321a0
    321 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    322 sg:pub.10.1038/ismej.2007.6 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050896718
    323 https://doi.org/10.1038/ismej.2007.6
    324 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    325 sg:pub.10.1038/ismej.2008.81 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008938116
    326 https://doi.org/10.1038/ismej.2008.81
    327 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    328 sg:pub.10.1038/ismej.2009.108 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047122152
    329 https://doi.org/10.1038/ismej.2009.108
    330 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    331 sg:pub.10.1038/ismej.2009.97 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024882111
    332 https://doi.org/10.1038/ismej.2009.97
    333 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    334 sg:pub.10.1038/nmeth.1184 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042740345
    335 https://doi.org/10.1038/nmeth.1184
    336 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    337 sg:pub.10.1038/nmeth.f.303 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009032055
    338 https://doi.org/10.1038/nmeth.f.303
    339 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    340 grid-institutes:None schema:alternateName Department of Geoscience, Madison, WI, USA
    341 schema:name Department of Geoscience, Madison, WI, USA
    342 rdf:type schema:Organization
    343 grid-institutes:grid.14003.36 schema:alternateName Department of Bacteriology, University of Wisconsin–Madison, Madison, WI, USA
    344 Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Wisconsin–Madison, Madison, WI, USA
    345 Microbiology Doctoral Training Program, University of Wisconsin–Madison, Madison, WI, USA
    346 Trout Lake Station, University of Wisconsin–Madison, Boulder Junction, WI, USA
    347 University of Wisconsin, Center for Limnology, Madison, WI, USA
    348 schema:name Department of Bacteriology, University of Wisconsin–Madison, Madison, WI, USA
    349 Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Wisconsin–Madison, Madison, WI, USA
    350 Microbiology Doctoral Training Program, University of Wisconsin–Madison, Madison, WI, USA
    351 Trout Lake Station, University of Wisconsin–Madison, Boulder Junction, WI, USA
    352 University of Wisconsin, Center for Limnology, Madison, WI, USA
    353 rdf:type schema:Organization
    354 grid-institutes:grid.266190.a schema:alternateName Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO, USA
    355 schema:name Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO, USA
    356 rdf:type schema:Organization
    357 grid-institutes:grid.35403.31 schema:alternateName Department of Microbiology, University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL, USA
    358 schema:name Department of Microbiology, University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL, USA
    359 rdf:type schema:Organization
    360 grid-institutes:grid.413575.1 schema:alternateName Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Boulder, CO, USA
    361 schema:name Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO, USA
    362 Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Boulder, CO, USA
    363 rdf:type schema:Organization
    364 grid-institutes:grid.464551.7 schema:alternateName Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO, USA
    365 schema:name Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO, USA
    366 Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO, USA
    367 rdf:type schema:Organization
     




    Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


    ...