Microbial metabolic exchange in 3D View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2013-04

AUTHORS

Jeramie D Watrous, Vanessa V Phelan, Cheng-Chih Hsu, Wilna J Moree, Brendan M Duggan, Theodore Alexandrov, Pieter C Dorrestein

ABSTRACT

Mono- and multispecies microbial populations alter the chemistry of their surrounding environments during colony development thereby influencing multicellular behavior and interspecies interactions of neighboring microbes. Here we present a methodology that enables the creation of three-dimensional (3D) models of a microbial chemotype that can be correlated to the colony phenotype through multimodal imaging analysis. These models are generated by performing matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight (MALDI-TOF) imaging mass spectrometry (IMS) on serial cross-sections of microbial colonies grown on 8 mm deep agar, registering data sets of each serial section in MATLAB to create a model, and then superimposing the model with a photograph of the colonies themselves. As proof-of-principle, 3D models were used to visualize metabolic exchange during microbial interactions between Bacillus subtilis and Streptomyces coelicolor, as well as, Candida albicans and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The resulting models were able to capture the depth profile of secreted metabolites within the agar medium and revealed properties of certain mass signals that were previously not observable using two-dimensional MALDI-TOF IMS. Most significantly, the 3D models were capable of mapping previously unobserved chemical distributions within the array of sub-surface hyphae of C. albicans and how this chemistry is altered by the presence of P. aeruginosa, an opportunistic pathogen known to alter virulence of C. albicans. It was determined that the presence of C. albicans triggered increased rhamnolipid production by P. aeruginosa, which in turn was capable of inhibiting embedded hyphal growth produced beneath the C. albicans colony at ambient temperature. More... »

PAGES

770

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/ismej.2012.155

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ismej.2012.155

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052475033

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23283018


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