Bioturbating shrimp alter the structure and diversity of bacterial communities in coastal marine sediments View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2010-07-01

AUTHORS

Bonnie Laverock, Cindy J Smith, Karen Tait, A Mark Osborn, Steve Widdicombe, Jack A Gilbert

ABSTRACT

Bioturbation is a key process in coastal sediments, influencing microbially driven cycling of nutrients as well as the physical characteristics of the sediment. However, little is known about the distribution, diversity and function of the microbial communities that inhabit the burrows of infaunal macroorganisms. In this study, terminal-restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis was used to investigate variation in the structure of bacterial communities in sediment bioturbated by the burrowing shrimp Upogebia deltaura or Callianassa subterranea. Analyses of 229 sediment samples revealed significant differences between bacterial communities inhabiting shrimp burrows and those inhabiting ambient surface and subsurface sediments. Bacterial communities in burrows from both shrimp species were more similar to those in surface-ambient than subsurface-ambient sediment (R=0.258, P<0.001). The presence of shrimp was also associated with changes in bacterial community structure in surrounding surface sediment, when compared with sediments uninhabited by shrimp. Bacterial community structure varied with burrow depth, and also between individual burrows, suggesting that the shrimp's burrow construction, irrigation and maintenance behaviour affect the distribution of bacteria within shrimp burrows. Subsequent sequence analysis of bacterial 16S rRNA genes from surface sediments revealed differences in the relative abundance of bacterial taxa between shrimp-inhabited and uninhabited sediments; shrimp-inhabited sediment contained a higher proportion of proteobacterial sequences, including in particular a twofold increase in Gammaproteobacteria. Chao1 and ACE diversity estimates showed that taxon richness within surface bacterial communities in shrimp-inhabited sediment was at least threefold higher than that in uninhabited sediment. This study shows that bioturbation can result in significant structural and compositional changes in sediment bacterial communities, increasing bacterial diversity in surface sediments and resulting in distinct bacterial communities even at depth within the burrow. In an area of high macrofaunal abundance, this could lead to alterations in the microbial transformations of important nutrients at the sediment–water interface. More... »

PAGES

1531-1544

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2000-12. Bioturbation as a mechanism for setting and maintaining levels of diversity in subtidal macrobenthic communities in HYDROBIOLOGIA
  • 2008-03-13. Improved group-specific PCR primers for denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis analysis of the genetic diversity of complex microbial communities in THE ISME JOURNAL: MULTIDISCIPLINARY JOURNAL OF MICROBIAL ECOLOGY
  • 2007-09-14. Microbial activity and accumulation of organic matter in the burrow of the mud shrimp, Upogebia major (Crustacea: Thalassinidea) in MARINE BIOLOGY
  • 2009-05-21. Biodiversity of benthic microbial communities in bioturbated coastal sediments is controlled by geochemical microniches in THE ISME JOURNAL: MULTIDISCIPLINARY JOURNAL OF MICROBIAL ECOLOGY
  • 2006-02. Microbial biogeography: putting microorganisms on the map in NATURE REVIEWS MICROBIOLOGY
  • 1995-08. Impact of irrigation on oxygen flux into the sediment: intermittent pumping by Callianassa subterranea and “piston-pumping” by Lanice conchilega in MARINE BIOLOGY
  • 2009-04-02. Time- and sediment depth-related variations in bacterial diversity and community structure in subtidal sands in THE ISME JOURNAL: MULTIDISCIPLINARY JOURNAL OF MICROBIAL ECOLOGY
  • 2009-01-30. Functioning of intertidal flats inferred from temporal and spatial dynamics of O2, H2S and pH in their surface sediment in OCEAN DYNAMICS
  • 2001-10-19. Biogeochemical consequences of macrofauna burrow ventilation† in GEOCHEMICAL TRANSACTIONS
  • 2000-05. Organic matter diagenesis at the oxic/anoxic interface in coastal marine sediments, with emphasis on the role of burrowing animals in HYDROBIOLOGIA
  • 2005-12-02. Burrow structure, burrowing and feeding behaviour of Corallianassa longiventris and Pestarella tyrrhena (Crustacea, Thalassinidea, Callianassidae) in MARINE BIOLOGY
  • 2005-10-08. Microbial reaction rates and bacterial communities in sediment surrounding burrows of two nereidid polychaetes (Nereisdiversicolor and N. virens) in MARINE BIOLOGY
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/ismej.2010.86

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ismej.2010.86

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045527288

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20596074


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