Smaller size of high metabolic rate organs explains lower resting energy expenditure in Asian-Indian Than Chinese men View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2016-04

AUTHORS

L L T Song, K Venkataraman, P Gluckman, Y S Chong, M-W L Chee, C M Khoo, M-Ks Leow, Y S Lee, E S Tai, E Y H Khoo

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: In Singapore, the obesity prevalence is disproportionately higher in the Asian-Indians and Malays than the Chinese. Lower resting energy expenditure (REE) may be a contributory factor. OBJECTIVE: We explored the association between ethnicity and REE in Chinese, Asian-Indian and Malay men living in Singapore and determined the influence of body composition, mass/volume of high metabolic rate organs, represented by brain volume and trunk fat-free mass (FFM), and physical activity on ethnic differences. DESIGN: Two hundred and forty-four men from Singapore (n=100 Chinese, 70 Asian-Indians and 74 Malays), aged 21-40 years and body mass index of 18.5-30.0 kg m(-2), were recruited in this cross-sectional study. REE was assessed by indirect calorimetry and body composition by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Brain volume was measured by magnetic resonance imaging. Physical activity was assessed by the Singapore Prospective Study Program Physical Activity Questionnaire. RESULTS: REE was significantly lower in Asian-Indians compared with that in Chinese after adjusting for body weight. FFM (total, trunk and limb) and total fat mass were important predictors of REE across all ethnic groups. Brain volume was positively associated with REE only in Malays. Moderate and vigorous physical activity was positively associated with REE only in Asian-Indians and Malays. The difference in REE between Asian-Indians and Chinese was attenuated but remained statistically significant after adjustment for total FFM (59±20 kcal per day), fat mass (67±20 kcal per day) and brain volume (54±22 kcal per day). The association between REE and ethnicity was no longer statistically significant after total FFM was replaced by trunk FFM (which includes heart, liver, kidney and spleen) but not when it was replaced by limb FFM (skeletal muscle). CONCLUSIONS: We have demonstrated a lower REE in Asian-Indians compared with Chinese who may contribute to the higher rates of obesity in the former. This difference could be accounted for by differences in metabolically active organs. More... »

PAGES

633

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/ijo.2015.233

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ijo.2015.233

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000257805

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26568151


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