Anti-inflammatory and anti-fibrotic effects of annexin1 on erectile function after cavernous nerve injury in rats View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2016-11

AUTHORS

F N Facio, M F Facio, L F Spessoto, D Pessutti, L O Reis, S G Campos, S Taboga

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of the anti-inflammatory and anti-fibrotic actions of ANX1 on erectile function (EF). Forty-eight male Wistar rats were randomly distributed into four equal groups: one group (sham operation-control) and three groups (bilateral cavernous nerve (CN) crush injury). Crush injury groups were treated prior to injury with an intravascular injection of either ANX1 (50 or 100 μg kg-1) or vehicle. EF was assessed by CN electrical stimulation at 2 and 7 days after CN injury with histomorphometric and immunohistochemical analysis. ANX1 demonstrated functional preservation as the increase in intracavernous pressure (ICP). A dose-response relationship regarding the effect on penile tissue was confirmed, and preservation of the penile dorsal nerves and anti-apoptotic effects in the corpus cavernosum (real P-value vs injured control). ANX1 treatment prevented collagen deposition and smooth muscle loss in the penis. ANX1 normalized the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor and decreased tumor necrosis factor-α in the lumen of the blood vessels of the organ. ANX1 proved effective in preserving EF in a rat model of neurogenic erectile dysfunction. ANX1 treatment before CN injury in rats improved erectile recovery, enhanced vascular regeneration and preserved the micro-architecture of the corpus cavernosum. The clinical availability of this compound merits application in penile rehabilitation studies following radical prostatectomy. More... »

PAGES

221

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2005-06. Annexins: linking Ca2+ signalling to membrane dynamics in NATURE REVIEWS MOLECULAR CELL BIOLOGY
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/ijir.2016.32

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ijir.2016.32

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004191595

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27557611


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