Current dietary salt intake of Japanese individuals assessed during health check-up View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2015-02

AUTHORS

Akiko Toda, Yuko Ishizaka, Mizuki Tani, Minoru Yamakado

ABSTRACT

Excess salt intake is a risk factor for increased blood pressure (BP) and hypertension. To prevent hypertension, the reduction of salt intake is promoted in many countries. For people with hypertension or cardiovascular disease (CVD), a more severe restriction of salt intake is indispensable. Japanese individuals consume high quantities of salt, and it is thus important to determine the degree to which the salt intake of these individuals has been restricted. Here, we investigated the current level of salt consumption of Japanese individuals using data obtained during annual health check-ups. A total of 10 762 individuals were assessed who underwent annual health check-ups at our institution in 2011. The estimated daily salt intake (EDSI) was calculated using spot urine samples. The average EDSI was 7.83±2.02 g per day. BP increased in proportion to the EDSI, and multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the EDSI was a significant and independent risk factor for hypertension. The average EDSI of the subjects with hypertension or a history of CVD was higher than that of the subjects without these diseases. The subjects who drank more heavily showed higher EDSIs. This study demonstrated that the average EDSI of the subjects needing to restrict their salt intake because of past or present illnesses was high. To achieve adherence to the recommended reduction of salt intake, more efforts are required. More... »

PAGES

163

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2007. Report of the Working Group for Dietary Salt Reduction of the Japanese Society of Hypertension: (1) Rationale for Salt Restriction and Salt-Restriction Target Level for the Management of Hypertension in HYPERTENSION RESEARCH
  • 2013-09. Significance of estimated salt excretion as a possible predictor of the efficacy of concomitant angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB) and low-dose thiazide in patients with ARB resistance in HYPERTENSION RESEARCH
  • 2013-12. [Scientific Statement] Report of the Salt Reduction Committee of the Japanese Society of Hypertension (3) Assessment and application of salt intake in the management of hypertension in HYPERTENSION RESEARCH
  • 2009-01. The Japanese Society of Hypertension Committee for Guidelines for the Management of Hypertension in HYPERTENSION RESEARCH
  • 2012-12. Relationship between achieved blood pressure, dietary habits and cardiovascular disease in hypertensive patients treated with olmesartan: the OMEGA study in HYPERTENSION RESEARCH
  • 2013-12. [Scientific Statement] Report of the Salt Reduction Committee of the Japanese Society of Hypertension(2) Goal and strategies of dietary salt reduction in the management of hypertension in HYPERTENSION RESEARCH
  • 2012-11. Spot urine-guided salt reduction is effective in Japanese cardiology outpatients in HYPERTENSION RESEARCH
  • 2012-06. Second morning urine method is superior to the casual urine method for estimating daily salt intake in patients with hypertension in HYPERTENSION RESEARCH
  • 2002-11. Effect of modest salt reduction on blood pressure: a meta-analysis of randomized trials. Implications for public health in JOURNAL OF HUMAN HYPERTENSION
  • Identifiers

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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/hr.2014.154

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/hr.2014.154

    DIMENSIONS

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    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25354779


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