Vaccination with tumor cells expressing IL-15 and IL-15Rα inhibits murine breast and prostate cancer View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2014-04

AUTHORS

John C. Morris, Charmaine A. Ramlogan-Steel, Ping Yu, Brittany A. Black, Poonam Mannan, James P. Allison, Thomas A. Waldmann, Jason C. Steel

ABSTRACT

A number of antitumor vaccines have recently shown promise in upregulating immune responses against tumor antigens and improving patient survival. In this study, we examine the effectiveness of vaccination using interleukin (IL)-15-expressing tumor cells and also examine their ability to upregulate immune responses to tumor antigens. We demonstrated that the coexpression of IL-15 with its receptor, IL-15Rα, increased the cell-surface expression and secretion of IL-15. We show that a gene transfer approach using recombinant adenovirus to express IL-15 and IL-15Rα in murine TRAMP-C2 prostate or TS/A breast tumors induced antitumor immune responses. From this, we developed a vaccine platform, consisting of TRAMP-C2 prostate cancer cells or TS/A breast cancer cells coexpressing IL-15 and IL-15Rα that inhibited tumor formation when mice were challenged with tumor. Inhibition of tumor growth led to improved survival when compared with animals receiving cells expressing IL-15 alone or unmodified tumor cells. Animals vaccinated with tumor cells coexpressing IL-15 and IL-15Rα showed greater tumor infiltration with CD8(+) T and natural killer (NK) cells, as well as increased antitumor CD8(+) T-cell responses. Vaccination with IL-15/IL-15Rα-modified TS/A breast cancer cells provided a survival advantage to mice challenged with unrelated murine TUBO breast cancer cells, indicating the potential for allogeneic IL-15/IL-15Rα-expressing vaccines. More... »

PAGES

393

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/gt.2014.10

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/gt.2014.10

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026083763

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24572789


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Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

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RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

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307 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




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