Oncolytic virus therapy for pancreatic cancer using the adenovirus library displaying random peptides on the fiber knob View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2009-05

AUTHORS

T Nishimoto, K Yoshida, Y Miura, A Kobayashi, H Hara, S Ohnami, K Kurisu, T Yoshida, K Aoki

ABSTRACT

A conditionally replicative adenovirus is a novel anticancer agent designed to replicate selectively in tumor cells. However, a leak of the virus into systemic circulation from the tumors often causes ectopic infection of various organs. Therefore, suppression of naive viral tropism and addition of tumor-targeting potential are necessary to secure patient safety and increase the therapeutic effect of an oncolytic adenovirus in the clinical setting. We have recently developed a direct selection method of targeted vector from a random peptide library displayed on an adenoviral fiber knob to overcome the limitation that many cell type-specific ligands for targeted adenovirus vectors are not known. Here we examined whether the addition of a tumor-targeting ligand to a replication-competent adenovirus ablated for naive tropism enhances its therapeutic index. First, a peptide-display adenovirus library was screened on a pancreatic cancer cell line (AsPC-1), and particular peptide sequences were selected. The replication-competent adenovirus displaying the selected ligand (AdDeltaCAR-SYE) showed higher oncolytic potency in several other pancreatic cancer cell lines as well as AsPC-1 compared with the untargeted adenovirus (AdDeltaCAR). An intratumoral injection of AdDeltaCAR-SYE significantly suppressed the growth of AsPC-1 subcutaneous tumors, and an analysis of adenovirus titer in the tumors revealed an effective replication of the virus in the tumors. Ectopic liver gene transduction following the intratumoral injection of AdDeltaCAR-SYE was not increased compared with the AdDeltaCAR. The results showed that a tumor-targeting strategy using an adenovirus library is promising for optimizing the safety and efficacy of oncolytic adenovirus therapy. More... »

PAGES

gt20091

References to SciGraph publications

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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/gt.2009.1

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/gt.2009.1

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005455177

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19225547


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