Clinical characteristics of optic neuritis in Taiwanese children View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2011-11

AUTHORS

M-H Sun, H-S Wang, K-J Chen, W-W Su, P-Y Hsueh, K-K Lin, L-Y Kao

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To document the etiology, clinical presentation, and visual prognosis of optic neuritis in Taiwanese children. METHODS: Retrospectively reviewed children younger than 18 years old with optic neuritis in Chang Gung Memorial Hospital and Chang Gung Children's Hospital from 1998 to 2009. RESULTS: There were 24 children (38 eyes) with optic neuritis in that period. Overall, 14 patients (58.3%) were female and 10 patients (41.7%) were male. In total, 14 patients (58.3%) had bilateral involvement, and 10 patients (41.7%) had unilateral involvement. Out of 38 eyes, 24 (63.2%) had disc swelling. Out of 24 patients, 21 (87.5%) underwent intravenous steroid therapy (10 to 30 mg/kg/day) for 3-5 days, and followed by an oral taper. Out of 24 patients, 20 (83.3%) achieved final visual acuity (VA) of 20/40 or better. However, a poor visual outcome (four patients) (VA<20/40) was correlated with pale disc at presentation (P=0.002, Pearson χ (2)-test) and age older than 10 years (P=0.012, Fisher's exact test). Five patients were diagnosed with acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) (21%), and three patients were diagnosed with multiple sclerosis (MS) (12.5%). Patients with ADEM did not have a better visual outcome than patients with MS (P=0.643, Fisher's exact test). CONCLUSIONS: Visual recovery from optic neuritis was favorable in Taiwanese children. A poor visual outcome was correlated with pale disc at presentation and patients' age older than 10 years. ADEM is the most common associated systemic disease; MS is relatively rare. More... »

PAGES

1457

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/eye.2011.196

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/eye.2011.196

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038946325

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21852809


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Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

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N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

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Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

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RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/eye.2011.196'


 

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