Epithelial folliculin is involved in airway inflammation in workers exposed to toluene diisocyanate View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2017-11-17

AUTHORS

Duy L Pham, Tu HK Trinh, Ga-Young Ban, Seung-Hyun Kim, Hae-Sim Park

ABSTRACT

Toluene diisocyanate (TDI) exposure can directly activate and damage airway epithelium. Folliculin (FLCN) is a protein expressed by human airway epithelial cells (HAECs) to maintain airway epithelial integrity and survival. This study investigated the involvement of FLCN in the pathogenesis of TDI-induced occupational asthma (OA). Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used to measure serum levels of FLCN in TDI-exposed subjects (93 TDI-OA patients and 119 asymptomatic exposed controls (AEC)), 200 non-occupational asthma (NOA) patients and 71 unexposed healthy normal controls (NCs). Significantly more subjects in the TDI-OA and AEC groups had high serum levels of FLCN compared to those in the NOA group (P=0.002 and P=0.001, respectively), all of which were higher than the NC group (all P<0.001). The serum level of FLCN was positively correlated with TDI exposure duration (r=0.251, P=0.027), but was negatively correlated with asthma duration of TDI-OA patients (r=−0.329, P=0.029). TDI-exposed subjects with high FLCN levels had higher serum levels of total IgE than those with lower levels. The effects of TDI exposure on FLCN production was investigated by treating HAECs (A549 cells) with TDI-human serum albumin conjugate, which showed increased expression and release of FLCN and interleukin-8 from HAECs. Co-culture with peripheral blood neutrophils also induced FLCN expression and release from HAECs. In conclusion, TDI exposure and TDI-induced neutrophil recruitment into the airways can activate and stimulate HAECs to produce FLCN, which could be involved in airway inflammation in workers exposed to TDI. More... »

PAGES

e395-e395

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/emm.2017.180

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/emm.2017.180

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1092747793

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29147010


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