NF-κB decoy potentiates the effects of radiation on vascular smooth muscle cells by enhancing apoptosis View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2005-02-01

AUTHORS

Shu-Ying Zhang, Kyung-Woo Park, Seil Oh, Hyun-Ju Cho, Hyun-Jai Cho, Jin-Shik Park, Young-Seok Cho, Bon-Kwon Koo, In-Ho Chae, Dong-Joo Choi, Hyo-Soo Kim, Myoung-Mook Lee

ABSTRACT

NF-κB promotes cell survival against external stress such as radiation. We examined whether NF-κB decoy transfection enhances the antiproliferative effects of radiation on vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) in vitro. The irradiation induced activation or nuclear translocation of NF-κB p65 in VSMCs was confirmed by immunofluorescence. NF-kB decoy transfection resulted in inhibition of the radiation-induced NF-kB activation in VSMCs and the subsequent reduction of transcription and translocation of ICAM, iNOS, and TNF-α, downstream molecules under the control of NF-κB. By using MTT assay, NF-κB decoy augmented the antiproliferative effects of radiation, where the effect of low dose radiation (2 and 8-Gy) of the cells transfected with NF-κB decoy was equivalent to the high dose (16-Gy) irradiated non-transfected cells at 48 h after irradiation: 1.06±0.16, 1.11±0.22, 1.20±0.25, respectively. The decrease in proliferation and survival of the radiation treated cells by flow cytometry analysis showed that NF-κB inhibition did not show any additive effects on the cell cycle of the irradiated VSMCs, while apoptosis was significantly increased after NF-κB decoy transfection in the irradiated VSMCs (apoptosis fraction: 13.33±2.08% vs. 26.29±7.43%, for radiation only vs. radiation+NF-κB decoy transfection, P < 0.05). In addition, at 48 h, NF-κB decoy transfection dose dependently (10 µM vs. 20 µM) inhibited proliferation of 16Gy-irradiated VSMCs, and showed greater antiproliferative efficacy than 100 µM sulfasalazine, a specific NF-κB inhibitor. These results indicate that NF-κB inhibition reduces proliferation and survival of irradiated VSMCs, likely by increased apoptosis rather than additive cell cycle arrest and suggest the possibility of adjunctive gene therapy using NF-κB decoy to improve efficacy and to decrease the adverse effects of intracoronary radiation therapy. More... »

PAGES

18-26

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/emm.2005.3

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/emm.2005.3

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016578225

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15761248


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