Consumption of soy foods and isoflavones and risk of type 2 diabetes: a pooled analysis of three US cohorts View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2016-12

AUTHORS

Ming Ding, An Pan, JoAnn E. Manson, Walter C. Willett, Vasanti Malik, Bernard Rosner, Edward Giovannucci, Frank B. Hu, Qi Sun

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Evidence regarding the consumption of soy foods and isoflavones in relation to risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D) is scarce. Our study was to evaluate the association between soy food and isoflavone consumption and risk of T2D in US men and women. SUBJECTS/METHODS: We followed 63 115 women in the Nurses' Health Study (1998-2012), 79 061 women in the Nurses' Health Study II (1999-2013) and 21 281 men in the Health Professionals Follow-Up Study (2002-2010). Diet was assessed by a validated food-frequency questionnaire and was updated every 4 years. Self-reports of incident T2D were confirmed by a validated supplementary questionnaire. RESULTS: During 1 966 321 person-years of follow-up, 9185 incident T2D cases were documented. After multivariate adjustment for covariates, consumption of soy foods (tofu and soy milk) was not associated with a lower T2D risk. Compared with non-consumers of soy foods, the hazard ratio (HR) was 1.00 (95% confidence interval (CI): 0.93, 1.07) for <1 serving/week and 0.93 (95% CI: 0.83, 1.03) for ⩾1 serving/week of soy foods (P for trend=0.14). In contrast, intake of total isoflavones was inversely associated with T2D risk. Comparing extreme quintiles of isoflavones, the HR was 0.89 (95% CI: 0.83, 0.96; P for trend=0.009). Inverse associations were also found for consumption of major individual isoflavones, including daidzein and genistein, with risk of T2D. CONCLUSIONS: Intake of isoflavones was associated with a modestly lower T2D risk in US men and women who typically consumed low-to-moderate amounts of soy foods. These findings warrant replications in other populations with similar soy intake levels. More... »

PAGES

1381

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/ejcn.2016.117

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ejcn.2016.117

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005692061

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27380886


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    "description": "BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Evidence regarding the consumption of soy foods and isoflavones in relation to risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D) is scarce. Our study was to evaluate the association between soy food and isoflavone consumption and risk of T2D in US men and women.\nSUBJECTS/METHODS: We followed 63\u2009115 women in the Nurses' Health Study (1998-2012), 79\u2009061 women in the Nurses' Health Study II (1999-2013) and 21\u2009281 men in the Health Professionals Follow-Up Study (2002-2010). Diet was assessed by a validated food-frequency questionnaire and was updated every 4 years. Self-reports of incident T2D were confirmed by a validated supplementary questionnaire.\nRESULTS: During 1\u2009966\u2009321 person-years of follow-up, 9185 incident T2D cases were documented. After multivariate adjustment for covariates, consumption of soy foods (tofu and soy milk) was not associated with a lower T2D risk. Compared with non-consumers of soy foods, the hazard ratio (HR) was 1.00 (95% confidence interval (CI): 0.93, 1.07) for <1 serving/week and 0.93 (95% CI: 0.83, 1.03) for \u2a7e1 serving/week of soy foods (P for trend=0.14). In contrast, intake of total isoflavones was inversely associated with T2D risk. Comparing extreme quintiles of isoflavones, the HR was 0.89 (95% CI: 0.83, 0.96; P for trend=0.009). Inverse associations were also found for consumption of major individual isoflavones, including daidzein and genistein, with risk of T2D.\nCONCLUSIONS: Intake of isoflavones was associated with a modestly lower T2D risk in US men and women who typically consumed low-to-moderate amounts of soy foods. These findings warrant replications in other populations with similar soy intake levels.", 
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