Mastication effects on the glycaemic index: impact on variability and practical implications View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2014-01

AUTHORS

V Ranawana, M K-S Leow, C J K Henry

ABSTRACT

Glycaemic variability challenges the accuracy and use of the glycaemic index (GI). The purpose of the current study was to determine the role of mastication on GI. Using a randomized, controlled, crossover, non-blind design, 15 healthy young subjects returned on 5 separate days for three glucose and two rice test sessions. At the rice sessions, subjects chewed each mouthful either 15 or 30 times. Rice chewed 15 times produced a total glycaemic response (GR; 155 mmol min/l), peak GR (2.4 mmol/l) and GI (68) significantly lower than when chewed for longer (30 times) (184 mmol min/l, 2.8 mmol/l and 88, respectively). The study shows that the GI of rice is affected by the degree of mastication. Chewing 15 times compared with 30 times significantly attenuates the GI, suggesting that mastication may potentially contribute to the glycaemic variability of rice. While future work must establish the extent and limits to which mastication affects glycaemia, it could also explore the potential of using mastication to reduce the glycaemic load of rice. More... »

PAGES

137

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/ejcn.2013.231

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ejcn.2013.231

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002083221

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24219890


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/1103", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Clinical Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/11", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Medical and Health Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Adult", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Blood Glucose", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Cross-Over Studies", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Female", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Glucose", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Glycemic Index", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Humans", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Male", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Mastication", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Oryza", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Young Adult", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "name": [
            "Clinical Nutrition Research Centre, Singapore Institute for Clinical Sciences, Singapore."
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Ranawana", 
        "givenName": "V", 
        "id": "sg:person.01155176453.52", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01155176453.52"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Singapore Institute for Clinical Sciences", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.452264.3", 
          "name": [
            "1] Clinical Nutrition Research Centre, Singapore Institute for Clinical Sciences, Singapore [2] Tan Tock Seng Hospital, Singapore."
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Leow", 
        "givenName": "M K-S", 
        "id": "sg:person.010626434017.08", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010626434017.08"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "name": [
            "Clinical Nutrition Research Centre, Singapore Institute for Clinical Sciences, Singapore."
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Henry", 
        "givenName": "C J K", 
        "id": "sg:person.010304354312.37", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010304354312.37"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nutres.2010.06.002", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001704567"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.3109/09637486.2010.520011", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004130423"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1745-4603.1994.tb00751.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005859785"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nutres.2010.02.004", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017122036"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2337/dc06-1598", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019122150"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.e1454", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019854064"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1079/nrr2005100", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022698677"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1079/nrr2005100", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022698677"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.2009.726", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033039374"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/ajcn/87.1.247s", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077586352"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2014-01", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2014-01-01", 
    "description": "Glycaemic variability challenges the accuracy and use of the glycaemic index (GI). The purpose of the current study was to determine the role of mastication on GI. Using a randomized, controlled, crossover, non-blind design, 15 healthy young subjects returned on 5 separate days for three glucose and two rice test sessions. At the rice sessions, subjects chewed each mouthful either 15 or 30 times. Rice chewed 15 times produced a total glycaemic response (GR; 155 mmol min/l), peak GR (2.4 mmol/l) and GI (68) significantly lower than when chewed for longer (30 times) (184 mmol min/l, 2.8 mmol/l and 88, respectively). The study shows that the GI of rice is affected by the degree of mastication. Chewing 15 times compared with 30 times significantly attenuates the GI, suggesting that mastication may potentially contribute to the glycaemic variability of rice. While future work must establish the extent and limits to which mastication affects glycaemia, it could also explore the potential of using mastication to reduce the glycaemic load of rice.", 
    "genre": "research_article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/ejcn.2013.231", 
    "inLanguage": [
      "en"
    ], 
    "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1097936", 
        "issn": [
          "0954-3007", 
          "1476-5640"
        ], 
        "name": "European Journal of Clinical Nutrition", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "1", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "68"
      }
    ], 
    "name": "Mastication effects on the glycaemic index: impact on variability and practical implications", 
    "pagination": "137", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "readcube_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "09ebc4a26262795f81e30bb55620c9a9ffbf08d5b0a95c49d76384ebc764178d"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "pubmed_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "24219890"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "nlm_unique_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "8804070"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1038/ejcn.2013.231"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1002083221"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1038/ejcn.2013.231", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002083221"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-11T14:17", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000372_0000000372/records_117097_00000000.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "https://www.nature.com/articles/ejcn2013231"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/ejcn.2013.231'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/ejcn.2013.231'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/ejcn.2013.231'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/ejcn.2013.231'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

158 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      49 URIs      32 LITERALS      20 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1038/ejcn.2013.231 schema:about N13630fa4aa0548a5ba03f7060d6596d8
2 N31f9155e125e479da47d3e22bf11bef1
3 N4979ec9054504e23bb3f9840691cb49d
4 N4d5dcd93d64f45e1be390ebd268e01c9
5 N66bd37d4e870417ebf9e52c81db6ba52
6 N6d00ee8f22504ac4ba279323443c27c1
7 N75bfbd63950448db9e4b2f7008ed56f5
8 N7d7930ae4f4d4547b216519bbc88a0b7
9 N8281336a9581473fb62e3f5d19aead08
10 N97e1a60dbd644ff6835df4ef360a52d0
11 Nd3ece77c67ba44798618bb368fb78deb
12 anzsrc-for:11
13 anzsrc-for:1103
14 schema:author N5f7598750a5a42599405e60b2f4cd5f9
15 schema:citation https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.2009.726
16 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nutres.2010.02.004
17 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nutres.2010.06.002
18 https://doi.org/10.1079/nrr2005100
19 https://doi.org/10.1093/ajcn/87.1.247s
20 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1745-4603.1994.tb00751.x
21 https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.e1454
22 https://doi.org/10.2337/dc06-1598
23 https://doi.org/10.3109/09637486.2010.520011
24 schema:datePublished 2014-01
25 schema:datePublishedReg 2014-01-01
26 schema:description Glycaemic variability challenges the accuracy and use of the glycaemic index (GI). The purpose of the current study was to determine the role of mastication on GI. Using a randomized, controlled, crossover, non-blind design, 15 healthy young subjects returned on 5 separate days for three glucose and two rice test sessions. At the rice sessions, subjects chewed each mouthful either 15 or 30 times. Rice chewed 15 times produced a total glycaemic response (GR; 155 mmol min/l), peak GR (2.4 mmol/l) and GI (68) significantly lower than when chewed for longer (30 times) (184 mmol min/l, 2.8 mmol/l and 88, respectively). The study shows that the GI of rice is affected by the degree of mastication. Chewing 15 times compared with 30 times significantly attenuates the GI, suggesting that mastication may potentially contribute to the glycaemic variability of rice. While future work must establish the extent and limits to which mastication affects glycaemia, it could also explore the potential of using mastication to reduce the glycaemic load of rice.
27 schema:genre research_article
28 schema:inLanguage en
29 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
30 schema:isPartOf N462455bb38ca417e943ca0495a0734cb
31 Na1b374abb4af4d1cadd54f679195ee96
32 sg:journal.1097936
33 schema:name Mastication effects on the glycaemic index: impact on variability and practical implications
34 schema:pagination 137
35 schema:productId N4ace4d10d64543d3bca25bc218559a89
36 N6f8970c641564776af5c984fb2fed1e1
37 N9a0df58f99b9404f93415f9ff28db608
38 Naf63a846fcd9491b9e653bc3354b94b7
39 Nf5f51c73af4e4313b25ab09480ae07c6
40 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002083221
41 https://doi.org/10.1038/ejcn.2013.231
42 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-11T14:17
43 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
44 schema:sdPublisher N751482bb1220454ca0a06d97524e16a7
45 schema:url https://www.nature.com/articles/ejcn2013231
46 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
47 sgo:sdDataset articles
48 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
49 N13630fa4aa0548a5ba03f7060d6596d8 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
50 schema:name Humans
51 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
52 N2144d06407964d8190fc3a3ffc39b0e3 schema:name Clinical Nutrition Research Centre, Singapore Institute for Clinical Sciences, Singapore.
53 rdf:type schema:Organization
54 N31f9155e125e479da47d3e22bf11bef1 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
55 schema:name Adult
56 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
57 N3f83ae418fe64b5593e342dc1bdd0ee4 rdf:first sg:person.010304354312.37
58 rdf:rest rdf:nil
59 N462455bb38ca417e943ca0495a0734cb schema:issueNumber 1
60 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
61 N4979ec9054504e23bb3f9840691cb49d schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
62 schema:name Cross-Over Studies
63 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
64 N4ace4d10d64543d3bca25bc218559a89 schema:name pubmed_id
65 schema:value 24219890
66 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
67 N4d5dcd93d64f45e1be390ebd268e01c9 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
68 schema:name Female
69 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
70 N5f7598750a5a42599405e60b2f4cd5f9 rdf:first sg:person.01155176453.52
71 rdf:rest Nf082d7eee2984750918c517f5ba069d6
72 N66bd37d4e870417ebf9e52c81db6ba52 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
73 schema:name Male
74 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
75 N6d00ee8f22504ac4ba279323443c27c1 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
76 schema:name Oryza
77 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
78 N6f8970c641564776af5c984fb2fed1e1 schema:name readcube_id
79 schema:value 09ebc4a26262795f81e30bb55620c9a9ffbf08d5b0a95c49d76384ebc764178d
80 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
81 N751482bb1220454ca0a06d97524e16a7 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
82 rdf:type schema:Organization
83 N75bfbd63950448db9e4b2f7008ed56f5 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
84 schema:name Mastication
85 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
86 N7d7930ae4f4d4547b216519bbc88a0b7 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
87 schema:name Glucose
88 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
89 N8281336a9581473fb62e3f5d19aead08 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
90 schema:name Blood Glucose
91 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
92 N97e1a60dbd644ff6835df4ef360a52d0 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
93 schema:name Glycemic Index
94 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
95 N9a0df58f99b9404f93415f9ff28db608 schema:name nlm_unique_id
96 schema:value 8804070
97 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
98 Na1b374abb4af4d1cadd54f679195ee96 schema:volumeNumber 68
99 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
100 Naf63a846fcd9491b9e653bc3354b94b7 schema:name dimensions_id
101 schema:value pub.1002083221
102 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
103 Nd3ece77c67ba44798618bb368fb78deb schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
104 schema:name Young Adult
105 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
106 Nd7bc4f3c7b764a6f95db35674e3c3f49 schema:name Clinical Nutrition Research Centre, Singapore Institute for Clinical Sciences, Singapore.
107 rdf:type schema:Organization
108 Nf082d7eee2984750918c517f5ba069d6 rdf:first sg:person.010626434017.08
109 rdf:rest N3f83ae418fe64b5593e342dc1bdd0ee4
110 Nf5f51c73af4e4313b25ab09480ae07c6 schema:name doi
111 schema:value 10.1038/ejcn.2013.231
112 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
113 anzsrc-for:11 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
114 schema:name Medical and Health Sciences
115 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
116 anzsrc-for:1103 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
117 schema:name Clinical Sciences
118 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
119 sg:journal.1097936 schema:issn 0954-3007
120 1476-5640
121 schema:name European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
122 rdf:type schema:Periodical
123 sg:person.010304354312.37 schema:affiliation Nd7bc4f3c7b764a6f95db35674e3c3f49
124 schema:familyName Henry
125 schema:givenName C J K
126 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010304354312.37
127 rdf:type schema:Person
128 sg:person.010626434017.08 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.452264.3
129 schema:familyName Leow
130 schema:givenName M K-S
131 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010626434017.08
132 rdf:type schema:Person
133 sg:person.01155176453.52 schema:affiliation N2144d06407964d8190fc3a3ffc39b0e3
134 schema:familyName Ranawana
135 schema:givenName V
136 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01155176453.52
137 rdf:type schema:Person
138 https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.2009.726 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033039374
139 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
140 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nutres.2010.02.004 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017122036
141 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
142 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nutres.2010.06.002 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001704567
143 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
144 https://doi.org/10.1079/nrr2005100 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022698677
145 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
146 https://doi.org/10.1093/ajcn/87.1.247s schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077586352
147 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
148 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1745-4603.1994.tb00751.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005859785
149 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
150 https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.e1454 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019854064
151 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
152 https://doi.org/10.2337/dc06-1598 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019122150
153 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
154 https://doi.org/10.3109/09637486.2010.520011 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004130423
155 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
156 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.452264.3 schema:alternateName Singapore Institute for Clinical Sciences
157 schema:name 1] Clinical Nutrition Research Centre, Singapore Institute for Clinical Sciences, Singapore [2] Tan Tock Seng Hospital, Singapore.
158 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...