Maternal health behaviours during pregnancy in an Irish obstetric population and their associations with socio-demographic and infant characteristics View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2011-04

AUTHORS

R C Tarrant, K M Younger, M Sheridan-Pereira, J M Kearney

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: To examine the prevalence and combined occurrence of peri-conceptional folic acid (FA) supplement use, smoking and alcohol consumption during pregnancy in a sample of women in Dublin, and determine the factors associated with these health behaviours. SUBJECTS/METHODS: A prospective observational study (2004-2006) involving the recruitment of 491 pregnant women from antenatal clinics in a Dublin maternity hospital, with postpartum follow-up of 450 eligible mothers. Data on FA use, maternal smoking and alcohol consumption patterns during pregnancy were collected from the antenatal patient-administered questionnaire, which was completed by participants, and returned to the investigator on the day of recruitment. RESULTS: The median gestational age of women at recruitment was 36 weeks. A combined 24.2% of mothers commenced FA at the recommended time, avoided alcohol consumption and smoking during pregnancy. In all, 35.3% of mothers reported to consuming alcohol, 20.9% smoked during pregnancy and 44.4% commenced FA at the recommended time. Mothers <25 years were more likely to have not taken FA at the recommended time (adjusted odds ratio (aOR): 4.0, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.64-9.77) and were more likely to have smoked during pregnancy (aOR: 3.56, 95% CI: 1.32-9.57). Irish nationality positively predicted both alcohol consumption (aOR: 4.37, 95% CI: 1.88-10.15) and smoking (aOR: 10.92, 95% CI: 1.35-87.98) during pregnancy. CONCLUSIONS: Educational efforts are still necessary to convince women of Irish nationality, in particular, of the adverse effects of smoking and alcohol consumption on fetal outcome. Women <25 years should be specifically targeted in smoking cessation and FA promotional campaigns. More... »

PAGES

470

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2009-11. Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder(FASD) in THE INDIAN JOURNAL OF PEDIATRICS
  • 2008-07. Smoking Cessation during Pregnancy and Relapse after Childbirth: The Impact of the Grandmother’s Smoking Status in MATERNAL AND CHILD HEALTH JOURNAL
  • 2009-11. Pregnancy Associated Smoking Behavior and Six Year Postpartum Recall in MATERNAL AND CHILD HEALTH JOURNAL
  • 2005-01. Alcohol consumption during pregnancy. in ANNUAL REVIEW OF NURSING RESEARCH
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/ejcn.2011.16

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ejcn.2011.16

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023018986

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21364609


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