Prediction of Codeine Toxicity in Infants and Their Mothers Using a Novel Combination of Maternal Genetic Markers View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2012-04

AUTHORS

J Sistonen, P Madadi, C J Ross, M Yazdanpanah, J W Lee, M L A Landsmeer, M Nauta, B C Carleton, G Koren, M R Hayden

ABSTRACT

Substantial variation exists in response to standard doses of codeine ranging from poor analgesia to life-threatening central nervous system (CNS) depression. We aimed to discover the genetic markers predictive of codeine toxicity by evaluating the associations between polymorphisms in cytochrome P450 2D6 (CYP2D6), UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 2B7 (UGT2B7), P-glycoprotein (ABCB1), mu-opioid receptor (OPRM1), and catechol O-methyltransferase (COMT) genes, which are involved in the codeine pathway, and the symptoms of CNS depression in 111 breastfeeding mothers using codeine and their infants. A genetic model combining the maternal risk genotypes in CYP2D6 and ABCB1 was significantly associated with the adverse outcomes in infants (odds ratio (OR) 2.68; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.61-4.48; P(trend) = 0.0002) and their mothers (OR 2.74; 95% CI 1.55-4.84; P(trend) = 0.0005). A novel combination of the genetic and clinical factors predicted 87% of the infant and maternal CNS depression cases with a sensitivity of 80% and a specificity of 87%. Genetic markers can be used to improve the outcome of codeine therapy and are also probably important for other opioids sharing common biotransformation pathways. More... »

PAGES

692-699

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/clpt.2011.280

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/clpt.2011.280

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013313301

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22398969


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