RETRACTED ARTICLE: Increased survival and cell cycle progression pathways are required for EWS/FLI1-induced malignant transformation View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2016-10-13

AUTHORS

Tahereh Javaheri, Zahra Kazemi, Jan Pencik, Ha TT Pham, Maximilian Kauer, Rahil Noorizadeh, Barbara Sax, Harini Nivarthi, Michaela Schlederer, Barbara Maurer, Maximillian Hofbauer, Dave NT Aryee, Marc Wiedner, Eleni M Tomazou, Malcolm Logan, Christine Hartmann, Jan P Tuckermann, Lukas Kenner, Mario Mikula, Helmut Dolznig, Aykut Üren, Günther H Richter, Florian Grebien, Heinrich Kovar, Richard Moriggl

ABSTRACT

Ewing sarcoma (ES) is the second most frequent childhood bone cancer driven by the EWS/FLI1 (EF) fusion protein. Genetically defined ES models are needed to understand how EF expression changes bone precursor cell differentiation, how ES arises and through which mechanisms of inhibition it can be targeted. We used mesenchymal Prx1-directed conditional EF expression in mice to study bone development and to establish a reliable sarcoma model. EF expression arrested early chondrocyte and osteoblast differentiation due to changed signaling pathways such as hedgehog, WNT or growth factor signaling. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) expressing EF showed high self-renewal capacity and maintained an undifferentiated state despite high apoptosis. Blocking apoptosis through enforced BCL2 family member expression in MSCs promoted efficient and rapid sarcoma formation when transplanted to immunocompromised mice. Mechanistically, high BCL2 family member and CDK4, but low P53 and INK4A protein expression synergized in Ewing-like sarcoma development. Functionally, knockdown of Mcl1 or Cdk4 or their combined pharmacologic inhibition resulted in growth arrest and apoptosis in both established human ES cell lines and EF-transformed mouse MSCs. Combinatorial targeting of survival and cell cycle progression pathways could counteract this aggressive childhood cancer. More... »

PAGES

e2419-e2419

Journal

TITLE

Cell Death & Disease

ISSUE

10

VOLUME

7

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/cddis.2016.268

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/cddis.2016.268

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028779925

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27735950


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