Targeting Cullin-RING ligases by MLN4924 induces autophagy via modulating the HIF1-REDD1-TSC1-mTORC1-DEPTOR axis View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2012-09-06

AUTHORS

Y Zhao, X Xiong, L Jia, Y Sun

ABSTRACT

MLN4924, a newly discovered small molecule inhibitor of NEDD8-activating enzyme (NAE), inactivates Cullin-RING E3 ubiquitin Ligases (CRLs) by blocking cullin neddylation. As a result, MLN4924 causes accumulation of several key substrates of CRLs and effectively suppresses tumor cell growth by inducing apoptosis and senescence. However, the role of MLN4924 in induction of autophagy and its biological significance are totally unknown. Here we showed that MLN4924 effectively induces autophagy in both time- and dose-dependent manners in multiple human cancer lines, indicating a general phenomenon. Mechanistically, by inactivating CRLs, MLN4924 causes accumulation of DEPTOR and HIF1α. The siRNA knockdown and gene KO studies showed that DEPTOR and the HIF1-REDD1-TSC1 axis are responsible for MLN4924-induced autophagy via inhibiting mTORC1. Biologically, autophagy is a survival signal to tumor cells, and blockage of autophagy via siRNA knockdown, gene KO and small molecule inhibitor remarkably enhanced MLN4924-induced apoptosis. Our study reveals an uncharacterized mechanism of MLN4924 action and provides the proof-of-concept evidence for strategic drug combination of MLN4924 with an autophagy inhibitor for maximal killing of tumor cells via enhancing apoptosis. More... »

PAGES

e386-e386

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/cddis.2012.125

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/cddis.2012.125

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017459370

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22951983


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