Astroglia in dementia and Alzheimer's disease View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2009-03

AUTHORS

J J Rodríguez, M Olabarria, A Chvatal, A Verkhratsky

ABSTRACT

Astrocytes, the most numerous cells in the brain, weave the canvas of the grey matter and act as the main element of the homoeostatic system of the brain. They shape the microarchitecture of the brain, form neuronal-glial-vascular units, regulate the blood-brain barrier, control microenvironment of the central nervous system and defend nervous system against multitude of insults. Here, we overview the pathological potential of astroglia in various forms of dementias, and hypothesise that both atrophy of astroglia and reactive hypertrophic astrogliosis may develop in parallel during neurodegenerative processes resulting in dementia. We also show that in the transgenic model of Alzheimer's disease, reactive hypertrophic astrocytes surround the neuritic plaques, whereas throughout the brain parenchyma astroglial cells undergo atrophy. Astroglial atrophy may account for early changes in synaptic plasticity and cognitive impairments, which develop before gross neurodegenerative alterations. More... »

PAGES

cdd2008172

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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/cdd.2008.172

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/cdd.2008.172

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052890248

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19057621


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