A multicentre UK study of GVHD following DLI: Rates of GVHD are high but mortality from GVHD is infrequent View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2015-01

AUTHORS

J J Scarisbrick, F L Dignan, S Tulpule, E D Gupta, S Kolade, B Shaw, F Evison, G Shah, E Tholouli, G Mufti, A Pagliuca, R Malladi, K Raj

ABSTRACT

DLIs are frequently used following haematopoietic SCT (HSCT) in patients with risk of relapse but data on GVHD following DLI are scarce. We report on 68 patients who received DLI following HSCT. Most patients developed GVHD following DLI (71%), which was acute in 22 patients (32%) almost half of whom had grade III-IV acute GVHD (aGVHD). Thirty patients (44%) developed cGVHD which followed aGVHD in four patients and was graded severe in nine patients. Corticosteroids were the most common first-line therapy for both acute and chronic GVHD. A wide range of second/third-line agents included cyclosporin, mycophenolate, tacrolimus, imatinib, infliximab and ECP. Relapse of initial malignancy occurred in 37%. Relapse was significantly less frequent in those receiving pre-emptive DLI. Relapse rates were also lower in those with GVHD (31%) than those without GVHD (50%), but this did not reach statistical significance. At 55 months post DLI, 34% of patients had died most commonly from relapse and 22% had on-going GVHD. Although GVHD was an important cause of morbidity post DLI (71%), only 6% died from GVHD. Although most patients develop GVHD post DLI and may require consecutive therapies, mortality from GVHD is infrequent. DLI remains an important option for relapse post transplant and manipulation of the GVT effect needs to be optimised to induce remission without morbidity from GVHD. More... »

PAGES

62

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/bmt.2014.227

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/bmt.2014.227

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050767950

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25310308


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