KPNA2 is a nuclear export protein that contributes to aberrant localisation of key proteins and poor prognosis of breast cancer View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2015-06

AUTHORS

A T Alshareeda, O H Negm, A R Green, C C Nolan, P Tighe, N Albarakati, R Sultana, S Madhusudan, I O Ellis, E A Rakha

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: It is recognised that modulations of the nuclear import of macromolecules have a role in changing cellular phenotypes and carcinogenesis. We and others have noticed that aberrant subcellular localisation of DNA damage response (DDR) proteins in breast cancer (BC) is associated with loss-of-function phenotype. This study aims to investigate the biological and clinical significance of the nucleocytoplasmic transport protein karyopherin α-2 (KPNA2), and its role in controlling DDR proteins subcellular localisation in BC. METHODS: A large (n=1494) and well-characterised series of early-stage invasive BC with a long-term follow-up was assessed for KPNA2 protein by using immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: KPNA2 expression was associated with the subcellular localisation of key DDR proteins that showed cytoplasmic expression including BRCA1, RAD51, SMC6L1, γH2AX, BARD1, UBC9, PIAS1 and CHK1. High level of KPNA2 was associated not only with cytoplasmic localisation of these proteins but also with their low/negative nuclear expression. Positive KPNA2 expression was associated with negative oestrogen receptor and triple-negative phenotype. Survival analysis showed that KPNA2 was associated with poor outcome (P<0.0001), but this effect was not independent of other prognostic variables. CONCLUSIONS: This study provides further evidence for the complexity of DDR mechanism in BC, and that KNPA2 has a role in the aberrant subcellular localisation of DDR proteins with subsequent impaired function. More... »

PAGES

1929

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/bjc.2015.165

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/bjc.2015.165

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009276268

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25989275


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