Diffusion-weighted and multiphase contrast-enhanced MRI as surrogate markers of response to neoadjuvant sunitinib in metastatic renal cell carcinoma View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2014-02

AUTHORS

N Bharwani, M E Miquel, T Powles, P Dilks, A Shawyer, A Sahdev, P D Wilson, S Chowdhury, D M Berney, A G Rockall

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Current imaging criteria for categorising disease response in metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) correlate poorly with overall survival (OS) in patients on anti-angiogenic therapies. We prospectively assess diffusion-weighted and multiphase contrast-enhanced (MCE) MR imaging (MRI) as markers of outcome. METHODS: Treatment-naive mRCC patients on a phase II trial using sunitinib completed an MRI substudy. Whole-tumour apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) maps and histograms were generated, and mean ADC and AUC(low) (proportion of the tumour with ADC values lying below the 25th percentile of the ADC histogram) recorded. On MCE-MRI, regions of interest were drawn around the most avidly enhancing components to analyse enhancement parameters. Baseline (n=26) and treatment-related changes in surviving patients (n=20) were correlated with OS. Imaged metastases were also analysed. RESULTS: Forty-seven per cent of the patients showed significant changes in whole-tumour mean ADC following therapy, but there was no correlation with outcome. Patients with a high baseline AUC(low) and greater-than-median AUC(low) increase had reduced OS (HR=3.67 (95% confidence interval (CI)=1.23-10.9), P=0.012 and HR=3.72 (95% CI=0.98-14.21), P=0.038, respectively). There was no correlation between MCE-MRI parameters and OS. Twenty-eight metastases were analysed and showed positive correlation with primary tumour mean ADC for individual patients (r=0.607; P<0.001). CONCLUSION: Primary RCC ADC histogram analysis shows dynamic changes with sunitinib. Patients in whom the tumour ADC histogram demonstrated high baseline AUC(low) or a greater-than-median increase in AUC(low) with treatment had reduced OS. More... »

PAGES

616

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/bjc.2013.790

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/bjc.2013.790

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039549453

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24366299


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    "description": "BACKGROUND: Current imaging criteria for categorising disease response in metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) correlate poorly with overall survival (OS) in patients on anti-angiogenic therapies. We prospectively assess diffusion-weighted and multiphase contrast-enhanced (MCE) MR imaging (MRI) as markers of outcome.\nMETHODS: Treatment-naive mRCC patients on a phase II trial using sunitinib completed an MRI substudy. Whole-tumour apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) maps and histograms were generated, and mean ADC and AUC(low) (proportion of the tumour with ADC values lying below the 25th percentile of the ADC histogram) recorded. On MCE-MRI, regions of interest were drawn around the most avidly enhancing components to analyse enhancement parameters. Baseline (n=26) and treatment-related changes in surviving patients (n=20) were correlated with OS. Imaged metastases were also analysed.\nRESULTS: Forty-seven per cent of the patients showed significant changes in whole-tumour mean ADC following therapy, but there was no correlation with outcome. Patients with a high baseline AUC(low) and greater-than-median AUC(low) increase had reduced OS (HR=3.67 (95% confidence interval (CI)=1.23-10.9), P=0.012 and HR=3.72 (95% CI=0.98-14.21), P=0.038, respectively). There was no correlation between MCE-MRI parameters and OS. Twenty-eight metastases were analysed and showed positive correlation with primary tumour mean ADC for individual patients (r=0.607; P<0.001).\nCONCLUSION: Primary RCC ADC histogram analysis shows dynamic changes with sunitinib. Patients in whom the tumour ADC histogram demonstrated high baseline AUC(low) or a greater-than-median increase in AUC(low) with treatment had reduced OS.", 
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