Cancer-associated fibroblasts induce epithelial–mesenchymal transition of breast cancer cells through paracrine TGF-β signalling View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2014-02

AUTHORS

Y Yu, C-H Xiao, L-D Tan, Q-S Wang, X-Q Li, Y-M Feng

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) activated by tumour cells are the predominant type of stromal cells in breast cancer tissue. The reciprocal effect of CAFs on breast cancer cells and the underlying molecular mechanisms are not fully characterised. METHODS: Stromal fibroblasts were isolated from invasive breast cancer tissues and the conditioned medium of cultured CAFs (CAF-CM) was collected to culture the breast cancer cell lines MCF-7, T47D and MDA-MB-231. Neutralising antibody and small-molecule inhibitor were used to block the transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) signalling derived from CAF-CM, which effect on breast cancer cells. RESULTS: The stromal fibroblasts isolated from breast cancer tissues showed CAF characteristics with high expression levels of α-smooth muscle actin and SDF1/CXCL12. The CAF-CM transformed breast cancer cell lines into more aggressive phenotypes, including enhanced cell-extracellular matrix adhesion, migration and invasion, and promoted epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). Cancer-associated fibroblasts secreted more TGF-β1 than TGF-β2 and TGF-β3, and activated the TGF-β/Smad signalling pathway in breast cancer cells. The EMT phenotype of breast cancer cells induced by CAF-CM was reversed by blocking TGF-β1 signalling. CONCLUSION: Cancer-associated fibroblasts promoted aggressive phenotypes of breast cancer cells through EMT induced by paracrine TGF-β1. This might be a common mechanism for acquiring metastatic potential in breast cancer cells with different biological characteristics. More... »

PAGES

724

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/bjc.2013.768

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/bjc.2013.768

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024567012

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24335925


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