Parity as a cofactor for high-grade cervical disease among women with persistent human papillomavirus infection: a 13-year follow-up View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2013-01

AUTHORS

K E Jensen, S Schmiedel, B Norrild, K Frederiksen, T Iftner, S K Kjaer

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Several environmental factors have been associated with increased risks for cervical cancer. We examined whether reproductive history, contraceptive use, or sexual behaviour increase the risk for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 3 or worse (CIN3+) among women with persistent human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. METHODS: A population-based cohort of women participated in a personal interview and underwent a gynaecological examination at which cervical specimens were obtained for HPV DNA testing. Follow-up information (~13 years) on cervical lesions was obtained from the Danish Pathology Data Bank. Women who had a high-risk HPV infection comprised the overall study population (n=1353). A subgroup of women with persistent high-risk HPV infection (n=312) was identified. Hazard ratios (HRs) for a diagnosis of CIN3+ and the corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated. RESULTS: Women with persistent HPV infection who had given birth had a significantly increased risk for CIN3+ (HR=1.78; 95% CI: 1.07-2.94). No association was found with pregnancy, use of intrauterine devices, or sexual behaviour. Based on small numbers, women with persistent HPV infection had a decreased risk for CIN3+ with any use of oral contraceptives (HR=0.54; 95% CI: 0.29-1.00). CONCLUSION: Childbirth increases the risk for subsequent CIN3+ among women with persistent HPV infection. More... »

PAGES

234

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/bjc.2012.513

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/bjc.2012.513

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038406122

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23169283


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52 schema:description BACKGROUND: Several environmental factors have been associated with increased risks for cervical cancer. We examined whether reproductive history, contraceptive use, or sexual behaviour increase the risk for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 3 or worse (CIN3+) among women with persistent human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. METHODS: A population-based cohort of women participated in a personal interview and underwent a gynaecological examination at which cervical specimens were obtained for HPV DNA testing. Follow-up information (~13 years) on cervical lesions was obtained from the Danish Pathology Data Bank. Women who had a high-risk HPV infection comprised the overall study population (n=1353). A subgroup of women with persistent high-risk HPV infection (n=312) was identified. Hazard ratios (HRs) for a diagnosis of CIN3+ and the corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated. RESULTS: Women with persistent HPV infection who had given birth had a significantly increased risk for CIN3+ (HR=1.78; 95% CI: 1.07-2.94). No association was found with pregnancy, use of intrauterine devices, or sexual behaviour. Based on small numbers, women with persistent HPV infection had a decreased risk for CIN3+ with any use of oral contraceptives (HR=0.54; 95% CI: 0.29-1.00). CONCLUSION: Childbirth increases the risk for subsequent CIN3+ among women with persistent HPV infection.
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