Biological activities of phthalocyanines – XVI. Tetrahydroxy- and tetraalkylhydroxy zinc phthalocyanines. Effect of alkyl chain length on in vitro and ... View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

1993-06

AUTHORS

R W Boyle, C C Leznoff, J E van Lier

ABSTRACT

Zinc phthalocyanine substituted with four hydroxyl groups attached to the macrocycle, either directly or via spacer chains of three or six carbon atoms, were tested for their photodynamic ability to inactivate Chinese hamster lung fibroblasts (line V-79) in vitro, and to induce regression of EMT-6 tumours grown subcutaneously in Balb/c mice. Their potential to inflict direct cell killing during photodynamic therapy was investigated by examining vascular stasis immediately following photoirradiation using fluorescein as a marker, and also by an in vivo/in vitro EMT-6 cell survival assay. Both of the tetraalkylhydroxy substituted zinc phthalocyanines are effective photodynamic sensitisers in vivo with the tetrapropylhydroxy compound exhibiting about twice the activity of the tetrahexylhydroxy analogue. The differences in activities were accentuated in vitro, the tetrapropylhydroxy compound was two orders of magnitude more potent than the tetrahexylhydroxy analogue in photoinactivating V-79 cells. The tetrahydroxy compound lacking spacer chains failed to exhibit photodynamic activity in either system. Tumour response with the active compounds was preceded by vascular stasis immediate following irradiation which suggests, together with the absence of activity in the in vivo/in vitro assay, that tumour regression involves an indirect response to the photodynamic action rather than direct cell killing. These data demonstrate the importance of the spatial orientation of functional groups around the macrocycle of photosensitisers for their efficacy in the photodynamic therapy of cancer. More... »

PAGES

1177

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/bjc.1993.222

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/bjc.1993.222

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PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8512803


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51 schema:description Zinc phthalocyanine substituted with four hydroxyl groups attached to the macrocycle, either directly or via spacer chains of three or six carbon atoms, were tested for their photodynamic ability to inactivate Chinese hamster lung fibroblasts (line V-79) in vitro, and to induce regression of EMT-6 tumours grown subcutaneously in Balb/c mice. Their potential to inflict direct cell killing during photodynamic therapy was investigated by examining vascular stasis immediately following photoirradiation using fluorescein as a marker, and also by an in vivo/in vitro EMT-6 cell survival assay. Both of the tetraalkylhydroxy substituted zinc phthalocyanines are effective photodynamic sensitisers in vivo with the tetrapropylhydroxy compound exhibiting about twice the activity of the tetrahexylhydroxy analogue. The differences in activities were accentuated in vitro, the tetrapropylhydroxy compound was two orders of magnitude more potent than the tetrahexylhydroxy analogue in photoinactivating V-79 cells. The tetrahydroxy compound lacking spacer chains failed to exhibit photodynamic activity in either system. Tumour response with the active compounds was preceded by vascular stasis immediate following irradiation which suggests, together with the absence of activity in the in vivo/in vitro assay, that tumour regression involves an indirect response to the photodynamic action rather than direct cell killing. These data demonstrate the importance of the spatial orientation of functional groups around the macrocycle of photosensitisers for their efficacy in the photodynamic therapy of cancer.
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