Haemoglobin adducts formed by aromatic amines in smokers: sources of inter-individual variability View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

1990-04

AUTHORS

G Ronco, P Vineis, MS Bryant, PL Skipper, SR Tannenbaum

ABSTRACT

In a previous study we found that aromatic amines, particularly 4-aminobiphenyl, formed haemoglobin adducts at higher concentrations in the blood of smokers compared to non-smokers. We re-analyse here data on haemoglobin adducts of 14 aromatic amines in order to ascertain if the inter-individual variability left unexplained by tobacco smoking could be attributed to differences in individual metabolic patterns. For this purpose we computed residuals from analysis of variance in order to adjust for individual smoking habits (type and amount of tobacco). Residuals were correlated within two clearly distinct groups: one formed by binuclear compounds (4-aminobiphenyl, 3-aminobiphenyl and 2-naphthylamine) and the other formed by all other (i.e. mononuclear) compounds. Within each group, highly statistically significant correlation coefficients were found, whereas compounds belonging to one group were not correlated to compounds in the other group. These results can be interpreted as a suggestion that two different metabolic pathways exist, one for binuclear and one for mononuclear arylamines, and that inter-individual differences in such pathways can explain part of inter-individual variability in adduct levels. This interpretation is consistent with recent animal experiments suggesting that there are different enzyme systems for the two classes of compounds. More... »

PAGES

534-537

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/bjc.1990.120

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/bjc.1990.120

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045559170

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2331440


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