Involvement of Bcl-2, Src, and ERα in gossypol-mediated growth inhibition and apoptosis in human uterine leiomyoma and myometrial cells View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2010-12

AUTHORS

Yan Zhu, Shu-wu Xie, Jian-feng Zhang, Ting-ting Zhang, Jie-yun Zhou, Yang Cao, Lin Cao

ABSTRACT

AIM: to investigate the effect of gossypol on the growth of cultured human uterine leiomyoma and myometrial cells, the level of Bcl-2 and the activity of Src and estrogen receptor (ERα). METHODS: human uterine leiomyoma and adjacent normal myometrial cells were cultured in vitro. Both cell types were treated with a graded concentration of gossypol. Cell viability was assayed using CCK-8. Morphological change was observed with optical and electronic microscopy. Apoptosis was evaluated using TUNEL assay. Levels of Bcl-2, ERα and Src were analyzed using Western blotting. RESULTS: gossypol significantly inhibited growth and promoted apoptosis in cultured human uterine leiomyoma cells with the IC(50) value and its corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CI) of 6.5 (4.0-10.5), 9.0 (4.9-16.5), and 7.5 (4.0-14.1) micromol/L at 20, 40, and 60 h, respectively. Gossypol exerted inhibitory effects on the myometrial cells with the IC(50) value and its 95% CI of 49.1 (28.3-85.0), 14.5 (7.7-27.4), and 2.6 (1.2-5.6) micromol/L at 20, 40, and 60 h, respectively. Compared with control, gossypol 0.1-3.0 micromol/L markedly decreased the protein expression of Bcl-2 (P<0.05) in both leiomyoma and myometrial cells in a concentration-dependent manner, and significantly suppressed the level of phospho-Tyr416Src (P<0.05) in both cell types at 3.0 micromol/L without obvious alteration of c-Src and phospho-Tyr527Src levels (P>0.05). In addition, gossypol markedly reduced both the expression of ERα (P<0.05) at the low concentration of 0.1 micromol/L in the myometrial cells and the level of phospho-ser167ERα (P<0.05) at the high concentration of 3.0 μmol/L in the leiomyoma cells. CONCLUSION: gossypol inhibits proliferation and induces apoptosis in human uterine leiomyoma and myometrial cells. It is likely that the mechanisms of action involve reducing the protein level of Bcl-2 and the activity of Src and ERα. More... »

PAGES

aps2010153

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/aps.2010.153

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/aps.2010.153

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041580560

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21102482


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