One-flow syntheses of diverse heterocyclic furan chemicals directly from fructose via tandem transformation platform View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2015-04-10

AUTHORS

Guan-Young Jeong, Ajay K Singh, Siddharth Sharma, Ki Won Gyak, Ram Awatar Maurya, Dong-Pyo Kim

ABSTRACT

The sustainable green chemistry associated with lignocellulosic biomass is of current interest for producing various chemical feedstocks via multi-step transformation processes. Here we introduce a chemical platform system for the multicomponent cascade transformation of natural lignocellulosic biomass resources. We demonstrate the concept by developing an integrated continuous two-step microfluidic system as a tandem transformation platform for direct conversion of fructose to diverse furan chemicals with excellent yields up to 99% via decarbonylation, etherification, oxidation and hydrogenolysis of a 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) intermediate. A sequential two-step process is utilized to complete the dehydration of fructose in the surface acid catalyst at 150 °C for 6 min, which is followed by the four types of HMF conversion in a binary or ternary phase to produce furfuryl alcohol (94% yield), 5-ethoxymethylfurfural (99%), 2,5-diformylfuran (82%) and 2,5-dimethylfuran (90%) with magnetic-based heterogeneous catalysts at 70–150 °C for 6–60 min. This innovative tandem microfluidic platform enables precise control of the reaction temperature and time for each individual biomass conversion step in a one-flow manner with no separation and purification steps for intermediates and catalysts. More... »

PAGES

e173-e173

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/am.2015.21

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/am.2015.21

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