Altered Colorectal Compliance and Anorectal Physiology in Upper and Lower Motor Neurone Spinal Injury May Explain Bowel Symptom Pattern View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2016-04

AUTHORS

Prateesh M Trivedi, Lalit Kumar, Anton V Emmanuel

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Supraconal spinal cord injury (SCI) and lower motor neurone spinal cord injury (LMN-SCI) cause bowel dysfunction; colorectal compliance may further define its pathophysiology. The aim of this study was to investigate rectal (RC) and sigmoid (SC) compliance and anorectal physiology parameters, in these subjects. METHODS: Twenty-four SCI subjects with gut symptoms (14 RC, 10 SC) and 13 LMN-SCI subjects (9 RC, 4 SC) were compared with 20 spinal intact controls (10 RC, 10 SC). Staircase distensions were performed using a barostat. Anorectal manometry, including rectoanal inhibitory reflex (RAIR) measurement, was performed in all. Data presented as mean±standard error (SCI/LMN-SCI vs. controls). RESULTS: SCI subjects had a higher RC (17.0±1.9 vs. 10.7±0.5 ml/mm Hg, P<0.05) and SC (8.5±0.6 vs. 5.2±0.5 ml/mm Hg, P=0.002). LMN-SCI subjects had a lower RC (7.3±0.7 ml/mm Hg, P=0.0021) while SC was unchanged (8.3±2.2 ml/mm Hg, P>0.05). Anal resting pressure was decreased in SCI (55±5 vs. 79±7 cmH2O, P=0.0102). Anal squeeze pressure was decreased in LMN-SCI (76±13 vs. 154±21 cmH2O, P=0.0158). In SCI and LMN-SCI, the amplitude reduction of the RAIR was greater (62±4% and 70±6% vs. 44±3%, P=0.0007). CONCLUSIONS: Colorectal compliance abnormalities may explain gut symptoms: increased RC and SC contributing to constipation in SCI, reduced rectal compliance contributing to fecal incontinence (FI) in LMN-SCI. Reduced resting anal pressure in SCI and reduced anal squeeze pressure in LMN-SCI along with a greater RAIR amplitude reduction may be factors in FI. These co-existing abnormalities may explain symptom overlap, and represent future therapeutic targets to ameliorate neurogenic bowel dysfunction. More... »

PAGES

552

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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/ajg.2016.19

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ajg.2016.19

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013214768

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26881975


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