Wave–particle duality of C60 molecules View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

1999-10

AUTHORS

Markus Arndt, Olaf Nairz, Julian Vos-Andreae, Claudia Keller, Gerbrand van der Zouw, Anton Zeilinger

ABSTRACT

Quantum superposition lies at the heart of quantum mechanics and gives rise to many of its paradoxes. Superposition of de Broglie matter waves' has been observed for massive particles such as electrons, atoms and dimers, small van der Waals clusters, and neutrons. But matter wave interferometry with larger objects has remained experimentally challenging, despite the development of powerful atom interferometric techniques for experiments in fundamental quantum mechanics, metrology and lithography. Here we report the observation of de Broglie wave interference of C(60) molecules by diffraction at a material absorption grating. This molecule is the most massive and complex object in which wave behaviour has been observed. Of particular interest is the fact that C(60) is almost a classical body, because of its many excited internal degrees of freedom and their possible couplings to the environment. Such couplings are essential for the appearance of decoherence, suggesting that interference experiments with large molecules should facilitate detailed studies of this process. More... »

PAGES

680

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1985-11. C60: Buckminsterfullerene in NATURE
  • 1930-01. Beugung von Molekularstrahlen in ZEITSCHRIFT FÜR PHYSIK
  • 1923-10. Waves and Quanta in NATURE
  • 1985-06. The emergence of classical properties through interaction with the environment in ZEITSCHRIFT FÜR PHYSIK B CONDENSED MATTER
  • 1927-04. The Scattering of Electrons by a Single Crystal of Nickel in NATURE
  • 1990-09. Solid C60: a new form of carbon in NATURE
  • 1999. Towards Coherent Matter Wave Optics with Macromolecules in EPISTEMOLOGICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL PERSPECTIVES ON QUANTUM PHYSICS
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/44348

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/44348

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052423507

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18494170


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