Leptin reverses insulin resistance and diabetes mellitus in mice with congenital lipodystrophy View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1999-09

AUTHORS

Iichiro Shimomura, Robert E. Hammer, Shinji Ikemoto, Michael S. Brown, Joseph L. Goldstein

ABSTRACT

Congenital generalized lipodystrophy (CGL) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by a paucity of adipose (fat) tissue which is evident at birth and is accompanied by a severe resistance to insulin, leading to hyperinsulinaemia, hyperglycaemia and enlarged fatty liver1. We have developed a mouse model that mimics these features of CGL2: the syndrome occurs in transgenic mice expressing a truncated version of a nuclear protein known as nSREBP-1c (for sterol-regulatory-element-binding protein-1c) under the control of the adipose-specific aP2 enhancer. Adipose tissue from these mice was markedly deficient in messenger RNAs encoding several fat-specific proteins, including leptin2, a fat-derived hormone that regulates food intake and energy metabolism3. Here we show that insulin resistance in our lipodystrophic mice can be overcome by a continuous systemic infusion of low doses of recombinant leptin, an effect that is not mimicked by chronic food restriction. Our results support the idea that leptin modulates insulin sensitivity and glucose disposal independently of its effect on food intake, and that leptin deficiency accounts for the insulin resistance found in CGL. More... »

PAGES

73-76

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/43448

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/43448

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019690626

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10485707


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