Observation and interpretation of a time-delayed mechanism in the hydrogen exchange reaction View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2002-03

AUTHORS

Stuart C. Althorpe, Félix Fernández-Alonso, Brian D. Bean, James D. Ayers, Andrew E. Pomerantz, Richard N. Zare, Eckart Wrede

ABSTRACT

Extensive theoretical and experimental studies have shown the hydrogen exchange reaction H+H2 --> H2+H to occur predominantly through a 'direct recoil' mechanism: the H--H bonds break and form concertedly while the system passes straight over a collinear transition state, with recoil from the collision causing the H2 product molecules to scatter backward. Theoretical predictions agree well with experimental observations of this scattering process. Indirect exchange mechanisms involving H3 intermediates have been suggested to occur as well, but these are difficult to test because bimolecular reactions cannot be studied by the femtosecond spectroscopies used to monitor unimolecular reactions. Moreover, full quantum simulations of the time evolution of bimolecular reactions have not been performed. For the isotopic variant of the hydrogen exchange reaction, H+D2 --> HD+D, forward scattering features observed in the product angular distribution have been attributed to possible scattering resonances associated with a quasibound collision complex. Here we extend these measurements to a wide range of collision energies and interpret the results using a full time-dependent quantum simulation of the reaction, thus showing that two different reaction mechanisms modulate the measured product angular distribution features. One of the mechanisms is direct and leads to backward scattering, the other is indirect and leads to forward scattering after a delay of about 25 femtoseconds. More... »

PAGES

67

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/416067a

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/416067a

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004602836

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11882892


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