The fate of carbon in grasslands under carbon dioxide enrichment View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1997-08

AUTHORS

Bruce A. Hungate, Elisabeth A. Holland, Robert B. Jackson, F. Stuart Chapin, Harold A. Mooney, Christopher B. Field

ABSTRACT

The concentration of carbon dioxide (CO2) in the Earth's atmosphere is rising rapidly1, with the potential to alter many ecosystem processes. Elevated CO2 often stimulates photosynthesis2, creating the possibility that the terrestrial biosphere will sequester carbon in response to rising atmospheric CO2 concentration, partly offsetting emissions from fossil-fuel combustion, cement manufacture, and deforestation3,4. However, the responses of intact ecosystems to elevated CO2 concentration, particularly the below-ground responses, are not well understood. Here we present an annual budget focusing on below-ground carbon cycling for two grassland ecosystems exposed to elevated CO2 concentrations. Three years of experimental CO2 doubling increased ecosystem carbon uptake, but greatly increased carbon partitioning to rapidly cycling carbon pools below ground. This provides an explanation for the imbalance observed in numerous CO2 experiments, where the carbon increment from increased photosynthesis is greater than the increments in ecosystem carbon stocks. The shift in ecosystem carbon partitioning suggests that elevated CO2 concentration causes a greater increase in carbon cycling than in carbon storage in grasslands. More... »

PAGES

576-579

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/41550

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/41550

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050842314


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209 grid-institutes:grid.419533.9 schema:alternateName Smithsonian Environmental Research Center, 21037, Edgewater, Maryland, USA
210 schema:name Department of Integrative Biology, University of California, 94720, Berkeley, California, USA
211 Smithsonian Environmental Research Center, 21037, Edgewater, Maryland, USA
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213 grid-institutes:grid.47840.3f schema:alternateName Department of Integrative Biology, University of California, 94720, Berkeley, California, USA
214 schema:name Department of Integrative Biology, University of California, 94720, Berkeley, California, USA
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216 grid-institutes:grid.57828.30 schema:alternateName Atmospheric Chemistry Division, National Center for Atmospheric Research, 80307, Boulder, Colorado, USA
217 schema:name Atmospheric Chemistry Division, National Center for Atmospheric Research, 80307, Boulder, Colorado, USA
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219 grid-institutes:grid.89336.37 schema:alternateName Department of Botany, University of Texas at Austin, 78713, Austin, Texas, USA
220 schema:name Department of Botany, University of Texas at Austin, 78713, Austin, Texas, USA
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