Fingerprint of ozone depletion in the spatial and temporal pattern of recent lower-stratospheric cooling View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1996-08

AUTHORS

V. Ramaswamy, M. D. Schwarzkopf, W. J. Randel

ABSTRACT

OBSERVATIONS of air temperatures in the lower stratosphere from 1979 to 1990 reveal a cooling trend that varies both spatially and seasonally1. The possible causes of this cooling include changes in concentrations of ozone or of other greenhouse gases2,3, and entirely natural variability, but the relative contributions of such causes are poorly constrained. Here we incorporate the observed decreases in stratospheric ozone concentrations4 over the same period into a general circulation model of the atmosphere, to investigate the role of the ozone losses in affecting patterns of temperature change. We find that the simulated latitudinal pattern of lower-stratospheric cooling for a given month through the decade corresponds well with the pattern of the observed decadal temperature changes. This result confirms the expectation, from simpler model studies2,3,5, that the observed ozone depletion exerts a spatially and seasonally varying fingerprint in the decadal cooling of the lower stratosphere, with the influence of increases in concentrations of other greenhouse gases being relatively small. As anthropogenic halocarbon chemicals are important causes of stratospheric ozone depletion2,3, our study suggests a human influence on the patterns of temperature change in the lower stratosphere over this 11-year period. More... »

PAGES

616-618

Journal

TITLE

Nature

ISSUE

6592

VOLUME

382

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/382616a0

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/382616a0

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027169219


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0399", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Other Chemical Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/03", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Chemical Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "familyName": "Ramaswamy", 
        "givenName": "V.", 
        "id": "sg:person.0753353733.55", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0753353733.55"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "familyName": "Schwarzkopf", 
        "givenName": "M. D.", 
        "id": "sg:person.016366336230.90", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016366336230.90"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "familyName": "Randel", 
        "givenName": "W. J.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01216240122.20", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01216240122.20"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0442(1995)008<1974:hrittt>2.0.co;2", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000071268"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0469(1980)037<2265:sstpio>2.0.co;2", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002921234"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1029/93jd03454", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009542591"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1029/96gl01736", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011541780"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1029/94jd01310", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019476406"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0442(1993)006<0292:uattot>2.0.co;2", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023088318"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1029/jd095id07p09971", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025713635"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/382039a0", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029787674", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/382039a0"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0442(1988)001<1296:vatita>2.0.co;2", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032819638"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf01093228", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038439447", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01093228"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf01093228", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038439447", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01093228"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0469(1994)051<0489:tradeo>2.0.co;2", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038969609"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/355810a0", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040084439", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/355810a0"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1029/94gl00777", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040613962"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0469(1995)052<0005:cotstg>2.0.co;2", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042298094"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/332501a0", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044776384", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/332501a0"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf01095157", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048572066", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01095157"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf01095157", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048572066", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01095157"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "1996-08", 
    "datePublishedReg": "1996-08-01", 
    "description": "OBSERVATIONS of air temperatures in the lower stratosphere from 1979 to 1990 reveal a cooling trend that varies both spatially and seasonally1. The possible causes of this cooling include changes in concentrations of ozone or of other greenhouse gases2,3, and entirely natural variability, but the relative contributions of such causes are poorly constrained. Here we incorporate the observed decreases in stratospheric ozone concentrations4 over the same period into a general circulation model of the atmosphere, to investigate the role of the ozone losses in affecting patterns of temperature change. We find that the simulated latitudinal pattern of lower-stratospheric cooling for a given month through the decade corresponds well with the pattern of the observed decadal temperature changes. This result confirms the expectation, from simpler model studies2,3,5, that the observed ozone depletion exerts a spatially and seasonally varying fingerprint in the decadal cooling of the lower stratosphere, with the influence of increases in concentrations of other greenhouse gases being relatively small. As anthropogenic halocarbon chemicals are important causes of stratospheric ozone depletion2,3, our study suggests a human influence on the patterns of temperature change in the lower stratosphere over this 11-year period.", 
    "genre": "research_article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/382616a0", 
    "inLanguage": [
      "en"
    ], 
    "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1018957", 
        "issn": [
          "0090-0028", 
          "1476-4687"
        ], 
        "name": "Nature", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "6592", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "382"
      }
    ], 
    "name": "Fingerprint of ozone depletion in the spatial and temporal pattern of recent lower-stratospheric cooling", 
    "pagination": "616-618", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "readcube_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "816c695449df3606235617e37c9a9ce28f50afdbbd4684d968ee92357c00a4d4"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1038/382616a0"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1027169219"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1038/382616a0", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027169219"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-10T14:47", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000001_0000000264/records_8663_00000424.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "http://www.nature.com/articles/382616a0"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/382616a0'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/382616a0'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/382616a0'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/382616a0'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

122 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      43 URIs      19 LITERALS      7 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1038/382616a0 schema:about anzsrc-for:03
2 anzsrc-for:0399
3 schema:author Nda35b0cd395c4b4787e82553bc1051f0
4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/bf01093228
5 sg:pub.10.1007/bf01095157
6 sg:pub.10.1038/332501a0
7 sg:pub.10.1038/355810a0
8 sg:pub.10.1038/382039a0
9 https://doi.org/10.1029/93jd03454
10 https://doi.org/10.1029/94gl00777
11 https://doi.org/10.1029/94jd01310
12 https://doi.org/10.1029/96gl01736
13 https://doi.org/10.1029/jd095id07p09971
14 https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0442(1988)001<1296:vatita>2.0.co;2
15 https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0442(1993)006<0292:uattot>2.0.co;2
16 https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0442(1995)008<1974:hrittt>2.0.co;2
17 https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0469(1980)037<2265:sstpio>2.0.co;2
18 https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0469(1994)051<0489:tradeo>2.0.co;2
19 https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0469(1995)052<0005:cotstg>2.0.co;2
20 schema:datePublished 1996-08
21 schema:datePublishedReg 1996-08-01
22 schema:description OBSERVATIONS of air temperatures in the lower stratosphere from 1979 to 1990 reveal a cooling trend that varies both spatially and seasonally1. The possible causes of this cooling include changes in concentrations of ozone or of other greenhouse gases2,3, and entirely natural variability, but the relative contributions of such causes are poorly constrained. Here we incorporate the observed decreases in stratospheric ozone concentrations4 over the same period into a general circulation model of the atmosphere, to investigate the role of the ozone losses in affecting patterns of temperature change. We find that the simulated latitudinal pattern of lower-stratospheric cooling for a given month through the decade corresponds well with the pattern of the observed decadal temperature changes. This result confirms the expectation, from simpler model studies2,3,5, that the observed ozone depletion exerts a spatially and seasonally varying fingerprint in the decadal cooling of the lower stratosphere, with the influence of increases in concentrations of other greenhouse gases being relatively small. As anthropogenic halocarbon chemicals are important causes of stratospheric ozone depletion2,3, our study suggests a human influence on the patterns of temperature change in the lower stratosphere over this 11-year period.
23 schema:genre research_article
24 schema:inLanguage en
25 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
26 schema:isPartOf N5fe832651131482499344ecf7a2698f5
27 Nd984487a88bf4bcba6fc27e758bd5dcb
28 sg:journal.1018957
29 schema:name Fingerprint of ozone depletion in the spatial and temporal pattern of recent lower-stratospheric cooling
30 schema:pagination 616-618
31 schema:productId N1185153031d54e738f16e7aed04e03fd
32 Naf400508c1984ce1a754a2a1e65c7b0e
33 Nec1624cbc391453388a7ad6b1f8e246f
34 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027169219
35 https://doi.org/10.1038/382616a0
36 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-10T14:47
37 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
38 schema:sdPublisher N562b2ae4a34a44b6b4023e403f42636f
39 schema:url http://www.nature.com/articles/382616a0
40 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
41 sgo:sdDataset articles
42 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
43 N1185153031d54e738f16e7aed04e03fd schema:name doi
44 schema:value 10.1038/382616a0
45 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
46 N40c21b360b6a4fb79056392665749252 rdf:first sg:person.016366336230.90
47 rdf:rest Nc24406601b63488b831ba23dc9c62950
48 N562b2ae4a34a44b6b4023e403f42636f schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
49 rdf:type schema:Organization
50 N5fe832651131482499344ecf7a2698f5 schema:volumeNumber 382
51 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
52 Naf400508c1984ce1a754a2a1e65c7b0e schema:name readcube_id
53 schema:value 816c695449df3606235617e37c9a9ce28f50afdbbd4684d968ee92357c00a4d4
54 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
55 Nc24406601b63488b831ba23dc9c62950 rdf:first sg:person.01216240122.20
56 rdf:rest rdf:nil
57 Nd984487a88bf4bcba6fc27e758bd5dcb schema:issueNumber 6592
58 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
59 Nda35b0cd395c4b4787e82553bc1051f0 rdf:first sg:person.0753353733.55
60 rdf:rest N40c21b360b6a4fb79056392665749252
61 Nec1624cbc391453388a7ad6b1f8e246f schema:name dimensions_id
62 schema:value pub.1027169219
63 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
64 anzsrc-for:03 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
65 schema:name Chemical Sciences
66 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
67 anzsrc-for:0399 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
68 schema:name Other Chemical Sciences
69 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
70 sg:journal.1018957 schema:issn 0090-0028
71 1476-4687
72 schema:name Nature
73 rdf:type schema:Periodical
74 sg:person.01216240122.20 schema:familyName Randel
75 schema:givenName W. J.
76 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01216240122.20
77 rdf:type schema:Person
78 sg:person.016366336230.90 schema:familyName Schwarzkopf
79 schema:givenName M. D.
80 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016366336230.90
81 rdf:type schema:Person
82 sg:person.0753353733.55 schema:familyName Ramaswamy
83 schema:givenName V.
84 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0753353733.55
85 rdf:type schema:Person
86 sg:pub.10.1007/bf01093228 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038439447
87 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01093228
88 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
89 sg:pub.10.1007/bf01095157 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048572066
90 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01095157
91 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
92 sg:pub.10.1038/332501a0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044776384
93 https://doi.org/10.1038/332501a0
94 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
95 sg:pub.10.1038/355810a0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040084439
96 https://doi.org/10.1038/355810a0
97 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
98 sg:pub.10.1038/382039a0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029787674
99 https://doi.org/10.1038/382039a0
100 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
101 https://doi.org/10.1029/93jd03454 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009542591
102 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
103 https://doi.org/10.1029/94gl00777 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040613962
104 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
105 https://doi.org/10.1029/94jd01310 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019476406
106 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
107 https://doi.org/10.1029/96gl01736 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011541780
108 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
109 https://doi.org/10.1029/jd095id07p09971 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025713635
110 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
111 https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0442(1988)001<1296:vatita>2.0.co;2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032819638
112 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
113 https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0442(1993)006<0292:uattot>2.0.co;2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023088318
114 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
115 https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0442(1995)008<1974:hrittt>2.0.co;2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000071268
116 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
117 https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0469(1980)037<2265:sstpio>2.0.co;2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002921234
118 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
119 https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0469(1994)051<0489:tradeo>2.0.co;2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038969609
120 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
121 https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0469(1995)052<0005:cotstg>2.0.co;2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042298094
122 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...