Role of transactivation of the EGF receptor in signalling by G-protein-coupled receptors View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1996-02

AUTHORS

Henrik Daub, F. Ulrich Weiss, Christian Wallasch, Axel Ullrich

ABSTRACT

TRANSDUCTION of a mitogenic signal from the cell membrane to the nucleus involves the adapter proteins SHC and Grb2, which mediate activation of the Ras/mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase pathway1–5. In contrast to receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs), the signalling steps leading to Ras/MAP kinase activation by G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) are still poorly characterized but appear to include βγ subunits of heterotrimeric G-proteins and as-yet unidentified tyrosine kinases6–8. We report here that the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and the neu oncoprotein become rapidly tyrosine-phosphorylated upon stimulation of Rat-1 cells with the GPCR agonists endothelin-1, lysophosphatic acid and thrombin, suggesting that there is an intracellular mechanism for transactivation. Specific inhibition of EGFR function by either the selective tyrphostin AG1478 or a dominant-negative EGFR mutant suppressed MAP kinase activation and strongly inhibited induction of fos gene expression and DNA synthesis. Our results demonstrate a role for RTKs as downstream mediators in GPCR mitogenic signalling and suggest a ligand-independent mechanism of RTK activation through intracellular signal crosstalk. More... »

PAGES

557-560

Journal

TITLE

Nature

ISSUE

6565

VOLUME

379

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/379557a0

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/379557a0

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048656202

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8596637


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