Avalanche dynamics in a pile of rice View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1996-01

AUTHORS

Vidar Frette, Kim Christensen, Anders Malthe-Sørenssen, Jens Feder, Torstein Jøssang, Paul Meakin

ABSTRACT

THE idea of self-organized criticality1(SOC) is commonly illustrated conceptually with avalanches in a pile of sand grains. The grains are dropped onto a pile one by one, and the pile ultimately reaches a stationary 'critical' state in which its slope fluctuates about a constant angle of repose, with each new grain being capable of inducing an avalanche on any of the relevant size scales. Some numerical models of sand-pile dynamics do show SOC1–8, hut the behaviour of real sand piles remains ambiguous9–18. Here we describe experiments on a granular system—a pile of rice—in which the dynamics exhibit self-organized critical behaviour in one case (for grains with a large aspect ratio) but not in another (for less elongated grains). These results show that SOC is not as 'universal' and insensitive to the details of a system as was initially supposed1, but that instead its occurrence depends on the detailed mechanism of energy dissipation. More... »

PAGES

49-52

Journal

TITLE

Nature

ISSUE

6560

VOLUME

379

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/379049a0

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/379049a0

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043571767


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