High abundance of Archaea in Antarctic marine picoplankton View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1994-10

AUTHORS

Edward F. DeLong, Ke Ying Wu, Barbara B. Prézelin, Raffael V. M. Jovine

ABSTRACT

ARCHAEA (archaebacteria) constitute one of the three major evolu-tionary lineages of life on Earth1–3. Previously these prokaryotes were thought to predominate in only a few unusual and disparate niches, characterized by hypersaline, extremely hot, or strictly anoxic conditions4–7. Recently, novel (uncultivated) phylotypes of Archaea have been detected in coastal8 and subsurface9,10 marine waters, but their abundance, distribution, physiology and ecology remain largely undescribed. Here we report exceptionally high archaeal abundance in frigid marine surface waters of Antarctica. Pelagic Archaea constituted up to 34% of the prokaryotic biomass in coastal Antarctic surface waters, and they were also abundant in a variety of other cold, pelagic marine environments. Because they can make up a significant fraction of picoplankton biomass in the vast habitats encompassed by cold and deep marine waters, these pelagic Archaea represent an unexpectedly abundant component of the Earth's biota. More... »

PAGES

695-697

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/371695a0

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/371695a0

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027844164

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7935813


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