Biodiversity and stability in grasslands View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1994-01

AUTHORS

David Tilman, John A. Downing

ABSTRACT

ONE of the ecological tenets justifying conservation of biodiversity is that diversity begets stability. Impacts of biodiversity on population dynamics and ecosystem functioning have long been debated1–7, however, with many theoretical explorations2–6,8–11 but few field studies12–15. Here we describe a long-term study of grasslands16,17 which shows that primary productivity in more diverse plant communities is more resistant to, and recovers more fully from, a major drought. The curvilinear relationship we observe suggests that each additional species lost from our grasslands had a progressively greater impact on drought resistance. Our results support the diversity–stability hypothesis5,6,18,19, but not the alternative hypothesis that most species are functionally redundant19–21. This study implies that the preservation of biodiversity is essential for the maintenance of stable productivity in ecosystems. More... »

PAGES

363-365

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/367363a0

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/367363a0

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020336402


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0502", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Environmental Science and Management", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/05", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Environmental Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "familyName": "Tilman", 
        "givenName": "David", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "familyName": "Downing", 
        "givenName": "John A.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/228784a0", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000237770", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/228784a0"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/228784a0", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000237770", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/228784a0"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00317226", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029600603", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00317226"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00317226", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029600603", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00317226"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00010694-196809000-00018", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030369501"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00010694-196809000-00018", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030369501"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0006-3207(93)90069-d", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031890006"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0006-3207(93)90069-d", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031890006"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/284544a0", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033331393", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/284544a0"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0006-3207(83)90103-9", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035809411"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0006-3207(83)90103-9", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035809411"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2307/1942578", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041052013"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/307321a0", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042943740", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/307321a0"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1523-1739.1992.610018.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046780619"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2307/2937080", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052908912"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1086/283344", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1058593467"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1086/283931", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1058594054"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1086/284132", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1058594255"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1086/408563", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1058699614"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2307/1929601", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069654222"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2307/1939478", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069663327"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2307/2402091", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069911832"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.5860/choice.26-0924", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1073286792"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "1994-01", 
    "datePublishedReg": "1994-01-01", 
    "description": "ONE of the ecological tenets justifying conservation of biodiversity is that diversity begets stability. Impacts of biodiversity on population dynamics and ecosystem functioning have long been debated1\u20137, however, with many theoretical explorations2\u20136,8\u201311 but few field studies12\u201315. Here we describe a long-term study of grasslands16,17 which shows that primary productivity in more diverse plant communities is more resistant to, and recovers more fully from, a major drought. The curvilinear relationship we observe suggests that each additional species lost from our grasslands had a progressively greater impact on drought resistance. Our results support the diversity\u2013stability hypothesis5,6,18,19, but not the alternative hypothesis that most species are functionally redundant19\u201321. This study implies that the preservation of biodiversity is essential for the maintenance of stable productivity in ecosystems.", 
    "genre": "research_article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/367363a0", 
    "inLanguage": [
      "en"
    ], 
    "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1018957", 
        "issn": [
          "0090-0028", 
          "1476-4687"
        ], 
        "name": "Nature", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "6461", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "367"
      }
    ], 
    "name": "Biodiversity and stability in grasslands", 
    "pagination": "363-365", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "readcube_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "60e57183f357a1e5609257f0b9b368c0e133241b93eadb81b8721d806c157db6"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1038/367363a0"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1020336402"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1038/367363a0", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020336402"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-10T14:47", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000001_0000000264/records_8663_00000424.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "http://www.nature.com/articles/367363a0"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/367363a0'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/367363a0'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/367363a0'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/367363a0'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

119 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      45 URIs      19 LITERALS      7 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1038/367363a0 schema:about anzsrc-for:05
2 anzsrc-for:0502
3 schema:author N8b6845ff6dcb42a0bfcc3a748d010463
4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/bf00317226
5 sg:pub.10.1038/228784a0
6 sg:pub.10.1038/284544a0
7 sg:pub.10.1038/307321a0
8 https://doi.org/10.1016/0006-3207(83)90103-9
9 https://doi.org/10.1016/0006-3207(93)90069-d
10 https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1523-1739.1992.610018.x
11 https://doi.org/10.1086/283344
12 https://doi.org/10.1086/283931
13 https://doi.org/10.1086/284132
14 https://doi.org/10.1086/408563
15 https://doi.org/10.1097/00010694-196809000-00018
16 https://doi.org/10.2307/1929601
17 https://doi.org/10.2307/1939478
18 https://doi.org/10.2307/1942578
19 https://doi.org/10.2307/2402091
20 https://doi.org/10.2307/2937080
21 https://doi.org/10.5860/choice.26-0924
22 schema:datePublished 1994-01
23 schema:datePublishedReg 1994-01-01
24 schema:description ONE of the ecological tenets justifying conservation of biodiversity is that diversity begets stability. Impacts of biodiversity on population dynamics and ecosystem functioning have long been debated1–7, however, with many theoretical explorations2–6,8–11 but few field studies12–15. Here we describe a long-term study of grasslands16,17 which shows that primary productivity in more diverse plant communities is more resistant to, and recovers more fully from, a major drought. The curvilinear relationship we observe suggests that each additional species lost from our grasslands had a progressively greater impact on drought resistance. Our results support the diversity–stability hypothesis5,6,18,19, but not the alternative hypothesis that most species are functionally redundant19–21. This study implies that the preservation of biodiversity is essential for the maintenance of stable productivity in ecosystems.
25 schema:genre research_article
26 schema:inLanguage en
27 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
28 schema:isPartOf N94d463185662440bb2eb72b1698c6bf9
29 Nb61d6b7c45fe4878b3e789a54ae1a196
30 sg:journal.1018957
31 schema:name Biodiversity and stability in grasslands
32 schema:pagination 363-365
33 schema:productId N28af9a99f8a542099138ccc7ed4fb0c8
34 Nc42c20d969a5461b839f0f1051e168ec
35 Nfabe0e76e02747209ce6e101eb144590
36 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020336402
37 https://doi.org/10.1038/367363a0
38 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-10T14:47
39 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
40 schema:sdPublisher Neffb7ca9184447d085fa26337979bc0f
41 schema:url http://www.nature.com/articles/367363a0
42 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
43 sgo:sdDataset articles
44 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
45 N28af9a99f8a542099138ccc7ed4fb0c8 schema:name readcube_id
46 schema:value 60e57183f357a1e5609257f0b9b368c0e133241b93eadb81b8721d806c157db6
47 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
48 N3d4aea2ae47f46f0a980e8ff53e4cfc3 schema:familyName Downing
49 schema:givenName John A.
50 rdf:type schema:Person
51 N46128328210b4a70985918cb157e5462 rdf:first N3d4aea2ae47f46f0a980e8ff53e4cfc3
52 rdf:rest rdf:nil
53 N8b6845ff6dcb42a0bfcc3a748d010463 rdf:first Nbbc38b06f66743fc930203c2cc2caeef
54 rdf:rest N46128328210b4a70985918cb157e5462
55 N94d463185662440bb2eb72b1698c6bf9 schema:issueNumber 6461
56 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
57 Nb61d6b7c45fe4878b3e789a54ae1a196 schema:volumeNumber 367
58 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
59 Nbbc38b06f66743fc930203c2cc2caeef schema:familyName Tilman
60 schema:givenName David
61 rdf:type schema:Person
62 Nc42c20d969a5461b839f0f1051e168ec schema:name dimensions_id
63 schema:value pub.1020336402
64 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
65 Neffb7ca9184447d085fa26337979bc0f schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
66 rdf:type schema:Organization
67 Nfabe0e76e02747209ce6e101eb144590 schema:name doi
68 schema:value 10.1038/367363a0
69 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
70 anzsrc-for:05 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
71 schema:name Environmental Sciences
72 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
73 anzsrc-for:0502 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
74 schema:name Environmental Science and Management
75 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
76 sg:journal.1018957 schema:issn 0090-0028
77 1476-4687
78 schema:name Nature
79 rdf:type schema:Periodical
80 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00317226 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029600603
81 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00317226
82 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
83 sg:pub.10.1038/228784a0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000237770
84 https://doi.org/10.1038/228784a0
85 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
86 sg:pub.10.1038/284544a0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033331393
87 https://doi.org/10.1038/284544a0
88 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
89 sg:pub.10.1038/307321a0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042943740
90 https://doi.org/10.1038/307321a0
91 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
92 https://doi.org/10.1016/0006-3207(83)90103-9 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035809411
93 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
94 https://doi.org/10.1016/0006-3207(93)90069-d schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031890006
95 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
96 https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1523-1739.1992.610018.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046780619
97 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
98 https://doi.org/10.1086/283344 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1058593467
99 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
100 https://doi.org/10.1086/283931 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1058594054
101 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
102 https://doi.org/10.1086/284132 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1058594255
103 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
104 https://doi.org/10.1086/408563 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1058699614
105 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
106 https://doi.org/10.1097/00010694-196809000-00018 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030369501
107 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
108 https://doi.org/10.2307/1929601 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069654222
109 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
110 https://doi.org/10.2307/1939478 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069663327
111 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
112 https://doi.org/10.2307/1942578 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041052013
113 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
114 https://doi.org/10.2307/2402091 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069911832
115 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
116 https://doi.org/10.2307/2937080 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052908912
117 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
118 https://doi.org/10.5860/choice.26-0924 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1073286792
119 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...