Magnetic bistability in a metal-ion cluster View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

1993-09

AUTHORS

R. Sessoli, D. Gatteschi, A. Caneschi, M. A. Novak

ABSTRACT

MAGNETIC materials of mesoscopic dimensions (a few to many thousands of atoms) may exhibit novel and useful properties such as giant magnetostriction, magnetoresistivity and magnetocaloric effects1–4. Such materials also allow one to study the transition from molecular to bulk-like magnetic behaviour. One approach for preparing mesoscopic magnetic materials is to fragment bulk ferromagnets; a more controllable method is to take a 'bottom-up' approach, using chemistry to grow well defined clusters of metal ions5,6. Lis7 has described a twelve-ion manganese cluster in which eight of the Mn ions are in the +3 oxidation state (spin S=2) and four are in the +4 state (S=3/2). These ions are magnetically coupled to give an S=10 ground state8, giving rise to unusual magnetic relaxation properties8,9. Here we report that the magnetization of the Mn12 cluster is highly anisotropic and that the magnetization relaxation time becomes very long below a temperature of 4 K, giving rise to pronounced hysteresis. This behaviour is not, however, strictly analogous to that of a bulk ferromagnet, in which magnetization hysteresis results from the motion of domain walls. In principle, a bistable magnetic unit of this sort could act as a data storage device. More... »

PAGES

141-143

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/365141a0

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/365141a0

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007450225


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