Reduced sensitivity of recent tree-growth to temperature at high northern latitudes View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

1998-02-12

AUTHORS

K. R. Briffa, F. H. Schweingruber, P. D. Jones, T. J. Osborn, S. G. Shiyatov, E. A. Vaganov

ABSTRACT

Tree-ring chronologies that represent annual changes in the density of wood formed during the late summer can provide a proxy for local summertime air temperature1. Here we undertake an examination of large-regional-scale wood-density/air-temperature relationships using measurements from hundreds of sites at high latitudes in the Northern Hemisphere. When averaged over large areas of northern America and Eurasia, tree-ring density series display a strong coherence with summer temperature measurements averaged over the same areas, demonstrating the ability of this proxy to portray mean temperature changes over sub-continents and even the whole Northern Hemisphere. During the second half of the twentieth century, the decadal-scale trends in wood density and summer temperatures have increasingly diverged as wood density has progressively fallen. The cause of this increasing insensitivity of wood density to temperature changes is not known, but if it is not taken into account in dendroclimatic reconstructions, past temperatures could be overestimated. Moreover, the recent reduction in the response of trees to air-temperature changes would mean that estimates of future atmospheric CO2 concentrations, based on carbon-cycle models that are uniformly sensitive to high-latitude warming, could be too low. More... »

PAGES

678-682

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1988. Tree Rings, Basics and Applications of Dendrochronology in NONE
  • 1995-05. Effects of climate change on insect defoliator population processes in Canada's boreal forest: Some plausible scenarios in WATER, AIR, & SOIL POLLUTION
  • 1995-05. The aspen parkland in western Canada: A dry-climate analogue for the future boreal forest? in WATER, AIR, & SOIL POLLUTION
  • 1994. Physiological Changes in Plants Related To UV-B Radiation: An Overview in STRATOSPHERIC OZONE DEPLETION/UV-B RADIATION IN THE BIOSPHERE
  • 1993-09. A tree-ring densitometric transect from Alaska to Labrador in INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BIOMETEOROLOGY
  • 1994. Temporal and Fluence Responses of Tree Foliage to UV-B Radiation in STRATOSPHERIC OZONE DEPLETION/UV-B RADIATION IN THE BIOSPHERE
  • 1996. Tree-ring variables as proxy-climate indicators: Problems with low-frequency signals in CLIMATIC VARIATIONS AND FORCING MECHANISMS OF THE LAST 2000 YEARS
  • 1996. Tree-Ring Density Networks for Climate Reconstruction in CLIMATIC VARIATIONS AND FORCING MECHANISMS OF THE LAST 2000 YEARS
  • 1989-02. Reconstructed Northern Hemisphere annual temperature since 1671 based on high-latitude tree-ring data from North America in CLIMATIC CHANGE
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/35596

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/35596

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047130682


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