Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1998-02

AUTHORS

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, P. A. Wolff

ABSTRACT

The desire to use and control photons in a manner analogous to the control of electrons in solids has inspired great interest in such topics as the localization of light, microcavity quantum electrodynamics and near-field optics1,2,3,4,5,6. A fundamental constraint in manipulating light is the extremely low transmittivity of apertures smaller than the wavelength of the incident photon. While exploring the optical properties of submicrometre cylindrical cavities in metallic films, we have found that arrays of such holes display highly unusual zero-order transmission spectra (where the incident and detected light are collinear) at wavelengths larger than the array period, beyond which no diffraction occurs. In particular, sharp peaks in transmission are observed at wavelengths as large as ten times the diameter of the cylinders. At these maxima the transmission efficiency can exceed unity (when normalized to the area of the holes), which is orders of magnitude greater than predicted by standard aperture theory. Our experiments provide evidence that these unusual optical properties are due to the coupling of light with plasmons — electronic excitations — on the surface of the periodically patterned metal film. Measurements of transmission as a function of the incident light angle result in a photonic band diagram. These findings may find application in novel photonic devices. More... »

PAGES

667

References to SciGraph publications

Journal

TITLE

Nature

ISSUE

6668

VOLUME

391

Related Patents

  • Photonic Device Including Semiconductor Structure Having Doped Region With Array Of Subwavelengh Recesses
  • Two-Dimensionally Periodic, Colour-Filtering Grating
  • Quantitative Differential Interference Contrast (Dic) Microscopy And Photography Based On Wavefront Sensors
  • Direct Nanoscale Patterning Of Metals Using Polymer Electrolytes
  • Method And Device To Modify Properties Of Molecules Or Materials
  • Electron Beam Lithography System Using A Photocathode With A Pattern Of Apertures For Creating A Transmission Resonance
  • Enhanced Optical Transmission Apparatus Utilizing Metal Films Having Apertures And Periodic Surface Topography
  • Methods And Apparatus For Broadband Angular Selectivity Of Electromagnetic Waves
  • Chip-Scale Optical Spectrum Analyzers With Enhanced Resolution
  • Method Of Local Electro-Magnetic Field Enhancement Of Terahertz (Thz) Radiation In Sub Wavelength Regions And Improved Coupling Of Radiation To Materials Through The Use Of The Discontinuity Edge Effect
  • Image Sensor, An Image Sensor Pixel, And Methods Of Forming The Same
  • Surface Plasmon Enhanced Illumination Apparatus Having Non-Periodic Resonance Configurations
  • Optical Transmission Control Apparatus Utilizing Metal Films Perforated With Subwavelength-Diameter Holes
  • Integrated Color Pixel (Icp)
  • Solid-State Image Sensor, And Imaging System
  • Device For Controlling An Intensity Of A Transmitting Component Of The Incident Electromagnetic Radiation On The Device And Process For The Production Of The Apparatus
  • Nano-Media Information Carrier Based On Pixelated Nano-Structures Combined With An Intensity Control Layer
  • Thin-Film Transparent Conductive Structure And Devices Made Therewith
  • Forming Of A Nanostructured Spectral Filter
  • Optical Filter
  • Electromagnetic Wave Propagating Structure
  • Optical Head And Optical Device For Enhancing The Intensity Of A Transmitted Light
  • Plasmon-Photon Coupled Optical Devices
  • Sub-Wavelength Metallic Apertures As Light Enhancement Devices
  • Device For Controlling An Intensity Of A Transmitting Component Of The Incident Electromagnetic Radiation On The Device And Process For The Production Of The Apparatus
  • Two-Dimensional Periodic, Color Filtering Grating
  • System With Extended Range Of Molecular Sensing Through Integrated Multi-Modal Data Acquisition
  • Etching And Hole Arrays
  • High Responsivity High Bandwidth Metal-Semiconductor-Metal Optoelectronic Device
  • Metallic Nano-Optic Lenses And Beam Shaping Devices
  • Self-Referenced Integrated Biosensor Based On Surface Plasmon Resonance Mediated Luminescence
  • Security Element Having A Color-Effect-Producing Structure
  • Methods And Compositions Related To Quantitative, Array Based Methylation Analysis
  • Sub-Micron Laser Direct Write
  • Variably Porous Structures
  • All Optical Nanoscale Sensor
  • Photolithographic Mask Exhibiting Enhanced Light Transmission Due To Utilizing Sub-Wavelength Aperture Arrays For Imaging Patterns In Nano-Lithography
  • On-Chip Phase Microscope/Beam Profiler Based On Differential Interference Contrast And/Or Surface Plasmon Assisted Interference
  • Method For Determining Biophysical Properties
  • Display Device Having Plasmonic Color Filters And Photovoltaic Capabilities
  • Etching And Hole Arrays
  • Display Panel And Display Apparatus Having The Same
  • Light-Field Pixel For Detecting A Wavefront Based On A First Intensity Normalized By A Second Intensity
  • Terahertz Radiation Detector, Focal Plane Array Incorporating Terahertz Detector, Multispectral Metamaterial Absorber, And Combined Optical Filter And Terahertz Absorber
  • Plasmonic Nanophotonics Methods, Materials, And Apparatuses
  • Optical Transmission Control Apparatus Utilizing Metal Films Perforated With Subwavelength-Diameter Holes
  • Method And Apparatus For Monitoring Integrated Circuit Fabrication
  • Method And Apparatus For Monitoring Integrated Circuit Fabrication
  • Near-Field Scanning Optical Microscope Having A Sub-Wavelength Aperture Array For Enhanced Light Transmission
  • Sub-Wavelength Aperture Arrays With Enhanced Light Transmission
  • Spectrum Filtering For Visual Displays And Imaging Having Minimal Angle Dependence
  • Display Panel Having A Polarizing Layer And Display Apparatus Having The Same
  • Method For Writing Nanoscale Patterns
  • Backside Configured Surface Plasmonic Structure For Infrared Photodetector And Imaging Focal Plane Array Enhancement
  • Method Of Providing A Security Document With A Security Feature, And Security Document
  • Method For Determining Biophysical Properties
  • Method And Device For Concentrating Light In Optoelectronic Devices Using Resonant Cavity Modes
  • Optical Sensing Based On Surface Plasmon Resonances In Nanostructures
  • Method And Apparatus For Phase Contrast Quadrature Interferometric Detection Of An Immunoassay
  • Fully Integrated Cmos-Compatible Photodetector With Color Selectivity And Intrinsic Gain
  • Optical Switch And Optical Logic Device
  • Focal Plane Adjustment By Back Propagation In Optofluidic Microscope Devices
  • Backside Configured Surface Plasmonic Structure For Infrared Photodetector And Imaging Focal Plane Array Enhancement
  • Flow Through Metallic Nanohole Arrays
  • Effect Of The Plasmonic Dispersion Relation On The Transmission Properties Of Subwavelength Holes
  • Metallic Nano-Optic Lenses And Beam Shaping Devices
  • Wavefront Imaging Sensor
  • Method And Apparatus For Monitoring Integrated Circuit Fabrication
  • Method And Apparatus For Monitoring Integrated Circuit Fabrication
  • Enhanced Optical Transmission Apparatus With Improved Aperture Geometry
  • Method And Apparatus For Monitoring Integrated Circuit Fabrication
  • Surface Plasmon Enhanced Illumination System
  • Enhanced Optical Transmission Apparatus With Improved Inter-Surface Coupling
  • Plasmon-Photon Coupled Optical Devices
  • Security Element With Color Effect Of Which Decreases With Increasing Production Grid
  • Security Element Having A Structure Creating Colour Effects
  • Surface Wave Enabled Darkfield Aperture
  • Optical Switch And Optical Logic Device
  • System And Method For Color Imaging With Integrated Plasmonic Color Filters
  • Optical Sensor With Enhanced Sensitivity
  • Thz Distributed Detectors And Arrays
  • Label-Free Detection Of Small And Large Molecule Interactions, And Activities In Biological Systems
  • Optofluidic Microscope Device With Photosensor Array
  • Plasmonic Nanocavity Devices And Methods For Enhanced Efficiency In Organic Photovoltaic Cells
  • Dynamic Plasmonics-Enabled Signal Enhancement, A Device Comprising The Same, And A Method Using The Same
  • On-Chip Phase Microscope/Beam Profiler Based On Differential Interference Contrast And/Or Surface Plasmon Assisted Interference
  • Method And Device To Modify The Electrical Properties Of An Organic And/Or Molecular Material
  • Optical Bandpass Filter System, In Particular For Multichannel Spectral-Selective Measurements
  • Resolution Antenna Array Using Metamaterials
  • Multi-Layer Extraordinary Optical Transmission Filter Systems, Devices, And Methods
  • Methods For Three-Dimensional Nanofocusing Of Light And Systems Thereof
  • Structure And Method For Processing Optical Energy
  • Recording Medium, Optical Recording Device Utilizing Recording Medium, And Method Of Manufacturing Recording Medium
  • Optical Devices Having Transmission Enhanced By Surface Plasmon Mode Resonance, And Their Use In Data Recording
  • Surface Plasmon Enhanced Illumination System
  • Plasmon Resonance Imaging Apparatus Having Nano-Lycurgus-Cup Arrays And Methods Of Use
  • Wavefront Imaging Devices Comprising A Film With One Or More Structured Two Dimensional Apertures And Their Applications In Microscopy And Photography
  • Display Panel And Display Apparatus Having The Same
  • Surface Wave Assisted Structures And Systems
  • Composites For Antennas And Other Applications
  • Nanochannel Arrays And Near-Field Illumination Devices For Polymer Analysis And Related Methods
  • Differentially Encoded Biological Analyzer Planar Array Apparatus And Methods
  • Stepper System For Ultra-High Resolution Photolithography Using Photolithographic Mask Exhibiting Enhanced Light Transmission Due To Utilizing Sub-Wavelength Aperture Arrays
  • System With Extended Range Of Molecular Sensing Through Integrated Multi-Modal Data Acquisition
  • Optical Aperture For Data Recording Having Transmission Enhanced By Waveguide Mode Resonance
  • Far-Field Optical Microscope With A Nanometer-Scale Resolution Based On The In-Plane Image Magnification By Surface Plasmon Polaritons
  • Optical Transmission Control Apparatus Utilizing Metal Films Perforated With Subwavelength-Diameter Holes
  • Infrared Radiation Sources, Sensors And Source Combinations, And Methods Of Manufacture
  • Delayed Emission Detection Devices And Methods
  • Resolution Radar Using Metamaterials
  • Two-Dimensionally Periodic, Color-Filtering Grating
  • Sensor Device Including One Or More Metal-Dielectric Optical Filters
  • Method And Apparatus For Conjugate Quadrature Interferometric Detection Of An Immunoassay
  • Multiplexed Biological Analyzer Planar Array Apparatus And Methods
  • Surface Plasmon Noncontact Electric Field Sensors And Related Methods
  • Multispectral Plasmonic Crystal Sensors
  • Composites For Antennas And Other Applications
  • Method And System For Nanopatterning
  • On-Chip Phase Microscope/Beam Profiler Based On Differential Interference Contrast And/Or Surface Plasmon Assisted Interference
  • Integrated Plasmonic Nanocavity Sensing Device
  • Optical Filter
  • An Integrated Cytometric Sensor System And Method
  • Enhanced Optical Transmission Apparatus Utilizing Metal Films Having Apertures And Periodic Surface Topography
  • Substrate Analysis Using Surface Acoustic Wave Metrology
  • Method And Apparatus For Monitoring Integrated Circuit Fabrication
  • Broadband Light Funneling In Ultrasubwavelength Channels Having Periodic Connected Unfilled Apertures
  • Nonconcentric Nanoshells With Offset Core In Relation To Shell And Method Of Using The Same
  • Biosensors Including Metallic Nanocavities
  • Surface-Plasmon Enhanced Photovoltaic Device
  • Spectroscopic Assembly And Method
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/35570

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/35570

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037112953


    Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
    Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

    JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

    TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

    [
      {
        "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
        "about": [
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0205", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Optical Physics", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/02", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Physical Sciences", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }
        ], 
        "author": [
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "University of Strasbourg", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.11843.3f", 
              "name": [
                "*NEC Research Institute, 4 Independence Way, Princeton, New Jersey 08540, USA", 
                "\u2020ISIS, Louis Pasteur University, 67000 Strasbourg, France"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Ebbesen", 
            "givenName": "T. W.", 
            "id": "sg:person.01014615471.74", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01014615471.74"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "name": [
                "\u2020\u2020Micrion Europe GmbH, Kirchenstrae 2, 85622 Feldkirchen, Germany"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Lezec", 
            "givenName": "H. J.", 
            "id": "sg:person.01206767217.15", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01206767217.15"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "NEC (United States)", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419859.8", 
              "name": [
                "*NEC Research Institute, 4 Independence Way, Princeton, New Jersey 08540, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Ghaemi", 
            "givenName": "H. F.", 
            "id": "sg:person.016334316153.89", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016334316153.89"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "NEC (United States)", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419859.8", 
              "name": [
                "*NEC Research Institute, 4 Independence Way, Princeton, New Jersey 08540, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Thio", 
            "givenName": "T.", 
            "id": "sg:person.012041054001.87", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012041054001.87"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Massachusetts Institute of Technology", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.116068.8", 
              "name": [
                "*NEC Research Institute, 4 Independence Way, Princeton, New Jersey 08540, USA", 
                "\u00a7Department of Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Wolff", 
            "givenName": "P. A.", 
            "id": "sg:person.015161536125.41", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015161536125.41"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }
        ], 
        "citation": [
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/354053a0", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010207916", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/354053a0"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1080/09500349608232808", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020074107"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/351278a0", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028412322", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/351278a0"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00935902", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031009862", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00935902"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0020-0891(67)90028-0", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032997140"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0038-1098(83)90586-0", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053499644"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0038-1098(83)90586-0", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053499644"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrev.66.163", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060452410"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrev.66.163", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060452410"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.50.4795", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060573925"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.50.4795", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060573925"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.21.1530", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060771597"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.21.1530", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060771597"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.77.2670", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060813929"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.77.2670", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060813929"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1109/tmtt.1962.1125490", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061699829"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1126/science.257.5067.189", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062544291"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }
        ], 
        "datePublished": "1998-02", 
        "datePublishedReg": "1998-02-01", 
        "description": "The desire to use and control photons in a manner analogous to the control of electrons in solids has inspired great interest in such topics as the localization of light, microcavity quantum electrodynamics and near-field optics1,2,3,4,5,6. A fundamental constraint in manipulating light is the extremely low transmittivity of apertures smaller than the wavelength of the incident photon. While exploring the optical properties of submicrometre cylindrical cavities in metallic films, we have found that arrays of such holes display highly unusual zero-order transmission spectra (where the incident and detected light are collinear) at wavelengths larger than the array period, beyond which no diffraction occurs. In particular, sharp peaks in transmission are observed at wavelengths as large as ten times the diameter of the cylinders. At these maxima the transmission efficiency can exceed unity (when normalized to the area of the holes), which is orders of magnitude greater than predicted by standard aperture theory. Our experiments provide evidence that these unusual optical properties are due to the coupling of light with plasmons \u2014 electronic excitations \u2014 on the surface of the periodically patterned metal film. Measurements of transmission as a function of the incident light angle result in a photonic band diagram. These findings may find application in novel photonic devices.", 
        "genre": "research_article", 
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/35570", 
        "inLanguage": [
          "en"
        ], 
        "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
        "isPartOf": [
          {
            "id": "sg:journal.1018957", 
            "issn": [
              "0090-0028", 
              "1476-4687"
            ], 
            "name": "Nature", 
            "type": "Periodical"
          }, 
          {
            "issueNumber": "6668", 
            "type": "PublicationIssue"
          }, 
          {
            "type": "PublicationVolume", 
            "volumeNumber": "391"
          }
        ], 
        "name": "Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays", 
        "pagination": "667", 
        "productId": [
          {
            "name": "readcube_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "b0cb146eaf3e34b2ca65c1256ce6c51e83894912888b65408b9b17a7c397db9e"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "doi", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "10.1038/35570"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "dimensions_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "pub.1037112953"
            ]
          }
        ], 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/35570", 
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037112953"
        ], 
        "sdDataset": "articles", 
        "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-10T14:48", 
        "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
        "sdPublisher": {
          "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000001_0000000264/records_8663_00000425.jsonl", 
        "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
        "url": "https://www.nature.com/articles/35570"
      }
    ]
     

    Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

    HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

    JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/35570'

    N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/35570'

    Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

    curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/35570'

    RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/35570'


     

    This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

    138 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      39 URIs      19 LITERALS      7 BLANK NODES

    Subject Predicate Object
    1 sg:pub.10.1038/35570 schema:about anzsrc-for:02
    2 anzsrc-for:0205
    3 schema:author N016160025d2b4d71a6b9211bd19110b3
    4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/bf00935902
    5 sg:pub.10.1038/351278a0
    6 sg:pub.10.1038/354053a0
    7 https://doi.org/10.1016/0020-0891(67)90028-0
    8 https://doi.org/10.1016/0038-1098(83)90586-0
    9 https://doi.org/10.1080/09500349608232808
    10 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrev.66.163
    11 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.50.4795
    12 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.21.1530
    13 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.77.2670
    14 https://doi.org/10.1109/tmtt.1962.1125490
    15 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.257.5067.189
    16 schema:datePublished 1998-02
    17 schema:datePublishedReg 1998-02-01
    18 schema:description The desire to use and control photons in a manner analogous to the control of electrons in solids has inspired great interest in such topics as the localization of light, microcavity quantum electrodynamics and near-field optics1,2,3,4,5,6. A fundamental constraint in manipulating light is the extremely low transmittivity of apertures smaller than the wavelength of the incident photon. While exploring the optical properties of submicrometre cylindrical cavities in metallic films, we have found that arrays of such holes display highly unusual zero-order transmission spectra (where the incident and detected light are collinear) at wavelengths larger than the array period, beyond which no diffraction occurs. In particular, sharp peaks in transmission are observed at wavelengths as large as ten times the diameter of the cylinders. At these maxima the transmission efficiency can exceed unity (when normalized to the area of the holes), which is orders of magnitude greater than predicted by standard aperture theory. Our experiments provide evidence that these unusual optical properties are due to the coupling of light with plasmons — electronic excitations — on the surface of the periodically patterned metal film. Measurements of transmission as a function of the incident light angle result in a photonic band diagram. These findings may find application in novel photonic devices.
    19 schema:genre research_article
    20 schema:inLanguage en
    21 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
    22 schema:isPartOf N847581a7d9c04ef585bfbc631b302377
    23 N86576a9cab56438b8838721244ff1ec0
    24 sg:journal.1018957
    25 schema:name Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays
    26 schema:pagination 667
    27 schema:productId N0640d87b011e40528cc7799f11dfe634
    28 N7f9695efe52047b49057884a4c9e4ed8
    29 Nce890d3531bb49789a45a9a1767e6a85
    30 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037112953
    31 https://doi.org/10.1038/35570
    32 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-10T14:48
    33 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
    34 schema:sdPublisher N87e404dd63d547c6ba52bb9bb9e8b862
    35 schema:url https://www.nature.com/articles/35570
    36 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
    37 sgo:sdDataset articles
    38 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
    39 N016160025d2b4d71a6b9211bd19110b3 rdf:first sg:person.01014615471.74
    40 rdf:rest Nfa27317759e04fbc896e8b3283d7133e
    41 N054486ef959b40d9b68f322657263bca rdf:first sg:person.015161536125.41
    42 rdf:rest rdf:nil
    43 N0640d87b011e40528cc7799f11dfe634 schema:name doi
    44 schema:value 10.1038/35570
    45 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    46 N164be82936924e11a2f7a166351675f2 schema:name ††Micrion Europe GmbH, Kirchenstrae 2, 85622 Feldkirchen, Germany
    47 rdf:type schema:Organization
    48 N2b6b63c6a2804448861b141176ae713e rdf:first sg:person.016334316153.89
    49 rdf:rest Na946cc0362224876b6a77c17a8d2097b
    50 N7f9695efe52047b49057884a4c9e4ed8 schema:name dimensions_id
    51 schema:value pub.1037112953
    52 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    53 N847581a7d9c04ef585bfbc631b302377 schema:issueNumber 6668
    54 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
    55 N86576a9cab56438b8838721244ff1ec0 schema:volumeNumber 391
    56 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
    57 N87e404dd63d547c6ba52bb9bb9e8b862 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
    58 rdf:type schema:Organization
    59 Na946cc0362224876b6a77c17a8d2097b rdf:first sg:person.012041054001.87
    60 rdf:rest N054486ef959b40d9b68f322657263bca
    61 Nce890d3531bb49789a45a9a1767e6a85 schema:name readcube_id
    62 schema:value b0cb146eaf3e34b2ca65c1256ce6c51e83894912888b65408b9b17a7c397db9e
    63 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    64 Nfa27317759e04fbc896e8b3283d7133e rdf:first sg:person.01206767217.15
    65 rdf:rest N2b6b63c6a2804448861b141176ae713e
    66 anzsrc-for:02 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    67 schema:name Physical Sciences
    68 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    69 anzsrc-for:0205 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    70 schema:name Optical Physics
    71 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    72 sg:journal.1018957 schema:issn 0090-0028
    73 1476-4687
    74 schema:name Nature
    75 rdf:type schema:Periodical
    76 sg:person.01014615471.74 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.11843.3f
    77 schema:familyName Ebbesen
    78 schema:givenName T. W.
    79 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01014615471.74
    80 rdf:type schema:Person
    81 sg:person.012041054001.87 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419859.8
    82 schema:familyName Thio
    83 schema:givenName T.
    84 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012041054001.87
    85 rdf:type schema:Person
    86 sg:person.01206767217.15 schema:affiliation N164be82936924e11a2f7a166351675f2
    87 schema:familyName Lezec
    88 schema:givenName H. J.
    89 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01206767217.15
    90 rdf:type schema:Person
    91 sg:person.015161536125.41 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.116068.8
    92 schema:familyName Wolff
    93 schema:givenName P. A.
    94 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015161536125.41
    95 rdf:type schema:Person
    96 sg:person.016334316153.89 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419859.8
    97 schema:familyName Ghaemi
    98 schema:givenName H. F.
    99 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016334316153.89
    100 rdf:type schema:Person
    101 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00935902 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031009862
    102 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00935902
    103 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    104 sg:pub.10.1038/351278a0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028412322
    105 https://doi.org/10.1038/351278a0
    106 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    107 sg:pub.10.1038/354053a0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010207916
    108 https://doi.org/10.1038/354053a0
    109 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    110 https://doi.org/10.1016/0020-0891(67)90028-0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032997140
    111 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    112 https://doi.org/10.1016/0038-1098(83)90586-0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053499644
    113 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    114 https://doi.org/10.1080/09500349608232808 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020074107
    115 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    116 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrev.66.163 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060452410
    117 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    118 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.50.4795 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060573925
    119 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    120 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.21.1530 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060771597
    121 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    122 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.77.2670 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060813929
    123 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    124 https://doi.org/10.1109/tmtt.1962.1125490 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061699829
    125 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    126 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.257.5067.189 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062544291
    127 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    128 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.116068.8 schema:alternateName Massachusetts Institute of Technology
    129 schema:name *NEC Research Institute, 4 Independence Way, Princeton, New Jersey 08540, USA
    130 §Department of Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, USA
    131 rdf:type schema:Organization
    132 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.11843.3f schema:alternateName University of Strasbourg
    133 schema:name *NEC Research Institute, 4 Independence Way, Princeton, New Jersey 08540, USA
    134 †ISIS, Louis Pasteur University, 67000 Strasbourg, France
    135 rdf:type schema:Organization
    136 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419859.8 schema:alternateName NEC (United States)
    137 schema:name *NEC Research Institute, 4 Independence Way, Princeton, New Jersey 08540, USA
    138 rdf:type schema:Organization
     




    Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


    ...