Waardenburg's syndrome patients have mutations in the human homologue of the Pax-3 paired box gene View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1992-02

AUTHORS

Mayada Tassabehji, Andrew P. Read, Valerie E. Newton, Rodney Harris, Rudi Balling, Peter Gruss, Tom Strachan

ABSTRACT

WAARDENGURG'S syndrome (WS) is an autosomal dominant combination of deafness and pigmentary disturbances, probably caused by defective function of the embryonic neural crest1,2. We have mapped one gene for WS to the distal part of chromosome 2 (ref. 3). On the basis of their homologous chromosomal location, their close linkage to an alkaline phosphatase gene, and their related phenotype, we suggested that WS and the mouse mutant Splotch4,5 might be homologous. Splotch is caused by mutation in the mouse Pax-3 gene6,7. This gene is one of a family of eight Pax genes known in mice which are involved in regulating embryonic development; each contains a highly conserved transcription control sequence, the paired box8. Here we show that some families with WS have mutations in the human homologue9 of Pax-3. Mutations in a related gene, Pax-6, which, like Pax-3, has both a paired box and a paired-type homeobox sequence, cause the Small-eye mutation in mice10 and aniridia inman11. Thus mutations in the Pax genes are important causes of human developmental defects. More... »

PAGES

635-636

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/355635a0

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/355635a0

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043244178

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1347148


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