Structure of the insulin receptor substrate IRS-1 defines a unique signal transduction protein View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1991-07

AUTHORS

X J Sun, P Rothenberg, C R Kahn, J M Backer, E Araki, P A Wilden, D A Cahill, B J Goldstein, M F White

ABSTRACT

Since the discovery of insulin nearly 70 years ago, there has been no problem more fundamental to diabetes research than understanding how insulin works at the cellular level. Insulin binds to the alpha subunit of the insulin receptor which activates the tyrosine kinase in the beta subunit, but the molecular events linking the receptor kinase to insulin-sensitive enzymes and transport processes are unknown. Our discovery that insulin stimulates tyrosine phosphorylation of a protein of relative molecular mass between 165,000 and 185,000, collectively called pp185, showed that the insulin receptor kinase has specific cellular substrates. The pp185 is a minor cytoplasmic phosphoprotein found in most cells and tissues; its phosphorylation is decreased in cells expressing mutant receptors defective in signalling. We have now cloned IRS-1, which encodes a component of the pp185 band. IRS-1 contains over ten potential tyrosine phosphorylation sites, six of which are in Tyr-Met-X-Met motifs. During insulin stimulation, the IRS-1 protein undergoes tyrosine phosphorylation and binds phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase, suggesting that IRS-1 acts as a multisite 'docking' protein to bind signal-transducing molecules containing Src-homology 2 and Src-homology-3 domains. Thus IRS-1 may link the insulin receptor kinase and enzymes regulating cellular growth and metabolism. More... »

PAGES

73-77

Journal

TITLE

Nature

ISSUE

6330

VOLUME

352

Author Affiliations

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/352073a0

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/352073a0

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045276619

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1648180


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